skip to main content
DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Method and apparatus for delivering high power laser energy over long distances

Abstract

Systems, devices and methods for the transmission and delivery of high power laser energy deep into the earth and for the suppression of associated nonlinear phenomena. Systems, devices and methods for the laser drilling of a borehole in the earth. These systems can deliver high power laser energy down a deep borehole, while maintaining the high power to advance such boreholes deep into the earth and at highly efficient advancement rates.

Inventors:
; ; ; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Foro Energy, Inc., Littleton, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1177553
Patent Number(s):
8997894
Application Number:
13/777,650
Assignee:
Foro Energy, Inc. (Littleton, CO)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
E - FIXED CONSTRUCTIONS E21 - EARTH DRILLING E21B - EARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING
DOE Contract Number:  
AR0000044
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2013 Feb 26
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Zediker, Mark S, Rinzler, Charles C, Faircloth, Brian O, Koblick, Yeshaya, and Moxley, Joel F. Method and apparatus for delivering high power laser energy over long distances. United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Zediker, Mark S, Rinzler, Charles C, Faircloth, Brian O, Koblick, Yeshaya, & Moxley, Joel F. Method and apparatus for delivering high power laser energy over long distances. United States.
Zediker, Mark S, Rinzler, Charles C, Faircloth, Brian O, Koblick, Yeshaya, and Moxley, Joel F. Tue . "Method and apparatus for delivering high power laser energy over long distances". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1177553.
@article{osti_1177553,
title = {Method and apparatus for delivering high power laser energy over long distances},
author = {Zediker, Mark S and Rinzler, Charles C and Faircloth, Brian O and Koblick, Yeshaya and Moxley, Joel F},
abstractNote = {Systems, devices and methods for the transmission and delivery of high power laser energy deep into the earth and for the suppression of associated nonlinear phenomena. Systems, devices and methods for the laser drilling of a borehole in the earth. These systems can deliver high power laser energy down a deep borehole, while maintaining the high power to advance such boreholes deep into the earth and at highly efficient advancement rates.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {4}
}

Patent:

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Effect of temperature and pressure on the thermal conductivity of sandstone
journal, September 2009


Orthonormal Basis Functions for Continuous-Time Systems and Lp Convergence
journal, August 1999


The effect of interaction time and saturation of rock on specific energy in ND:YAG laser perforating
journal, February 2011


Simulation of dynamic response of granite: A numerical approach of shock-induced damage beneath impact craters
journal, December 2006


Collapse and rebound of a laser-induced cavitation bubble
journal, October 2001


The porosity and engineering properties of vesicular basalt in Saudi Arabia
journal, October 1999


Two stages of spallation
journal, September 1985


The failure of brittle solids containing small cracks under compressive stress states
journal, March 1986


Introduction To Fracture Mechanics And Its Geophysical Applications
book, January 1987


A multiaxial stress criterion for short- and long-term strength of isotropic rock media
journal, December 2000


Porosity dependence of the elastic modulus of lithophysae-rich tuff: numerical and experimental investigations
journal, September 2003


The Schmidt hammer in rock material characterization
journal, September 2005


Tensile fracture propagation and acoustic emission activity in sandstone: The effect of loading rate
journal, October 2005


On the relationship between the parameters of Paris' law for fatigue crack growth in aluminium alloys
journal, December 1977


GEODYN: A Geological Formation/Drillstring Dynamics Computer Program
conference, April 2013


Prediction of compressive and tensile strength of limestone via genetic programming
journal, July 2008


Spall damage modelling and dynamic fracture specificities of ceramics
journal, July 1992


Micro-scratch evaluation of rock types—a means to comprehend rock drill wear
journal, February 2004


Mechanism of brittle fracture of rock: Part I—theory of the fracture process
journal, October 1967


Analysis of compressive fracture in rock using statistical techniques: Part I. A non-linear rule-based model
journal, October 1998


Digital Simulation in Electrochemistry
book, January 2005


Dynamics of laser-induced cavitation bubbles near an elastic boundary
journal, April 2001


Rock Failure Under Dynamic Loading Conditions
journal, March 1963


Modeling Laser-Spallation Rock Drilling
journal, February 2006


Drilling a Hole in Granite Submerged in Water By Use of CO<sub>2</sub> Laser
journal, February 2010


Rock Cutting By Laser
conference, April 2013


Deepwater Drilling Riser System
journal, August 1986


Limitations on lightwave communications imposed by optical-fiber nonlinearities
journal, January 1990


A damage model for concrete beams in compression
journal, March 2007


Case History of the University Block 9 (Wolfcamp) FieldA Gas-Water Injection Secondary Recovery Project
journal, December 1970


The static fatigue of brittle rock under uniaxial compression
journal, February 1974


Development of a new direct test method for estimating cutter life, based on the Sievers’ J miniature drill test
journal, January 2007


Development of a new direct test method for estimating cutter life, based on the Sievers’ J miniature drill test
journal, January 2007


Acousto-ultrasonic study of thermal shock damage in castable refractory
journal, February 1991


Linear thermal expansion of granitic rocks: influence of apparent porosity, grain size and quartz content
journal, May 2004


Simulation of bulk-absorption thermal lensing in transmissive optics of gravitational waves detectors
journal, October 2003


Some mechanisms of microcrack growth and interaction in compressive rock failure
journal, June 1981


Flow structure and optical beam propagation in high-Reynolds-number gas-phase shear layers and jets
journal, April 2001


Correlation between Schmidt hardness, uniaxial compressive strength and Young’s modulus for andesites, basalts and tuffs
journal, April 2004


Asymptotic analysis of crack interaction with free boundary
journal, February 2000


Stimulated Brillouin scattering in multimode fibers for optical phase conjugation
journal, July 2002


Wear characteristics of PDC pin and hybrid core bits in rock drilling
journal, September 1995


Vickers and Knoop hardness of electron beam deposited ZrC and HfC thin films on titanium
journal, April 2006


Spectral Gamma-Ray Logging in the Texas Austin Chalk Trend
journal, March 1980


A simple crack-extension criterion for time-dependent spallation
journal, April 1971


Laser Drilling: Determination of Energy Required to Remove Rock
conference, October 2001


Fluorescent dye penetrants applied to rock fractures
journal, March 1968


Comparison of Specific Energy Between Drilling With High Power Lasers and Other Drilling Methods
conference, October 2002


Laboratory Measurement and Correction of Thermal Properties for Application to the Rock Mass
journal, November 2005


Chebyshev rational spectral and pseudospectral methods on a semi-infinite interval
journal, January 2001

  • Guo, Ben-yu; Shen, Jie; Wang, Zhong-qing
  • International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, Vol. 53, Issue 1, p. 65-84
  • https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.392

Stress resistance parameters of brittle solids under laser/plasma pulse heating
journal, September 2000


The influence of residual stresses on rock hardness
journal, May 1974


Rock albedo and monitoring of thermal conditions in respect of weathering: some expected and some unexpected results
journal, June 2005


The role of thermal stress fatigue in the breakdown of rock in cold regions
journal, December 1999


Drag - Bit Model Including Wear
conference, April 1994


Cutting Efficiency of a Single PDC Cutter on Hard Rock
journal, June 2009


A Drilling Rate Model for Roller Cone Bits and Its Application
conference, January 2010


The influence of steam pressure on thermal spalling of sedimentary rock: Theory and experiments
journal, January 1998


Waterjet-assisted rock cutting systems — the present state of the art
journal, July 1985


A dynamic damage growth model for uniaxial compressive response of rock aggregates
journal, May 2002


Intrinsic Length Scales in Tool-Rock Interaction
journal, January 2008


Study on rock-drilling using PDC bits for the prediction of torque and rate of penetration
journal, January 2009


Development of underwater laser cutting technique for steel and zircaloy for nuclear applications
journal, December 2010


Rock excavation with laser assistance
journal, July 1976


Dominant rock properties affecting the penetration rate of percussive drills
journal, July 2003


Semianalytical Productivity Models for Perforated Completions
journal, February 1991


A model for non-linear rock deformation under compression due to sub-critical crack growth
journal, November 1991


PDC Drill Bit Design and Field Application Evolution
journal, March 1988


Laser heating of sheet metal and thermal stress development
journal, November 2004


Prediction of thermal conductivity of rocks by soft computing
journal, May 2010


Measurement of the refractive index of liquids at 1.3 and 1.5 micron using a fibre optic Fresnel ratio meter
journal, July 2004


CO2 laser–plume interaction in materials processing
journal, January 2001


Coatings with intrinsic stress profile: Refined creep analysis of (Ti,Al)N and cracking due to cyclic laser heating
journal, February 2006


Drilling a 2-inch in Diameter Hole in Granites Submerged in Water by CO2 Lasers
conference, January 2009


Simulating and Designing Brillouin Gain Spectrum in Single-Mode Fibers
journal, February 2004


A micromechanical damage model for concrete
journal, January 1986


A fatigue crack driving force parameter with load ratio effects
journal, January 2001


Dynamic Rock Mechanics Testing for Optimized Fracture Designs
conference, October 1997


Thermal fatigue life prediction of flip chip solder joints by fracture mechanics method
journal, July 1993


High-Power Yb3+-Doped Phosphate Fiber Amplifier
journal, January 2009


Hydraulic fracturing in a sedimentary geothermal reservoir: Results and implications
journal, October 2005


The influence of temperature dependent properties of thermal rock fragmentation
journal, August 1975


Theoretical study of heat transfer with moving phase-change interface in thawing of frozen food
journal, January 2005


Experimental investigation on the breakage of hard rock by the PDC cutters with combined action modes
journal, April 2001


The dynamic strength and fracture properties of dresser basalt
journal, May 1974


Continuous damage model for load-response estimation of concrete
journal, May 1980


Thermal fatigue of particle reinforced metal–matrix composite induced by laser heating and mechanical load
journal, July 2005


Damage model for brittle elastic solids with unequal tensile and compressive strengths
journal, November 1994


Travis Peak Core Permeability and Porosity Relationships at Reservoir Stress
journal, September 1991


Specific Ion Binding to Macromolecules:  Effects of Hydrophobicity and Ion Pairing
journal, April 2008


Thermophysical Properties of Porous Sandstones: Measurements and Comparative Study of Some Representative Thermal Conductivity Models
journal, September 2005


Laboratory Testing of High-Pressure, High-Speed PDC Bits
conference, April 2013


Glass fibers for stimulated Brillouin scattering and phase conjugation
journal, February 2007


Advanced Cutting Structure Improves PDC Bit Performance in Hard Rock Drilling Environments
conference, April 2013


Experimental study relating thermal conductivity to thermal piercing of rocks
journal, May 1968


A noninvasive method for measuring the velocity of diffuse hydrothermal flow by tracking moving refractive index anomalies
journal, October 2010


Laser-induced shock wave generation and shock wave enhancement in basalt
journal, September 1999


Growth and structures of surface disturbances of a round liquid jet in a coaxial airflow
journal, April 2004


Microporosity in micritic limestones: a review
journal, July 1989


Investigation of thermal properties of some basalt samples in Egypt
journal, January 2004


The effect of temperature on the strength at high confining pressure of granodiorite containing free and chemically-bound water
journal, January 1976


Tutorial on maximum likelihood estimation
journal, February 2003


Visualization for heat and mass transport phenomena in supercritical artificial air
journal, August 2005


Laser heating of multilayer assembly and stress levels: elasto-plastic consideration
journal, December 2003


Study of subcritical crack growth in andesite using the Double Torsion test
journal, June 2005


Sub-critical crack growth in anisotropic rock
journal, April 2006


Compression-induced nonplanar crack extension with application to splitting, exfoliation, and rockburst
journal, August 1982


Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers
journal, January 1997


Design Index: A Systematic Method of PDC Drill-Bit Selection
conference, April 2013


Frictional Heating and Convective Cooling of Polycrystalline Diamond Drag Tools During Rock Cutting
journal, April 1984


Improved Bit Stability Reduces Downhole Harmonics (Vibrations)
conference, April 2013


Thermal expansion of silicon carbide materials
journal, June 1994


Thermal analysis of laser drilling processes
journal, February 1972


Correlation of Yield Strength and Tensile Strength with Hardness for Steels
journal, April 2008


Formation Evaluation With Logs In The Deep Anadarko Basin
conference, September 1972


Testing study of subcritical crack growth rate and fracture toughness in different rocks
journal, June 2006


Composition and Texture on Compressive Strength Variations in the Travis Peak Formation
conference, April 2013


Lasers: The Next Bit
conference, January 2006


Cutting thin sheet metal with a water jet guided laser using various cutting distances, feed speeds and angles of incidence
journal, April 2006


Simulating stress corrosion with a bonded-particle model for rock
journal, July 2007


A study of progressive failure of rock under cyclic loading by ultrasonic and AE monitoring techniques
journal, January 1992


Rock failure mechanisms of flame-jet thermal spallation drilling—theory and experimental testing
journal, September 1989


Thermal expansion behavior of igneous rocks
journal, October 1974


Comparative Economics Of Deep Drilling In Anadarko Basin
conference, April 2013


Generalized Hermite Polynomials and the Heat Equation for Dunkl Operators
journal, April 1998


Wave propagation, damage evolution, and dynamic fracture extension. Part I. Percussion drilling
journal, May 1996


Dynamic tensile-failure-induced velocity deficits in rock
journal, February 1991


Correlating schmidt hardness with compressive strength and young’s modulus of carbonate rocks
journal, October 1990


An algorithm and a modular subroutine for the CAP model
journal, April 1979


Formation Evaluation From Logging on Cuttings
journal, June 1998


Waveform Cross-Correlation-Based Differential Travel-Time Measurements at the Northern California Seismic Network
journal, December 2005


SBS threshold of a fiber with a Brillouin frequency shift distribution
journal, January 1996


Laser heating of semi-infinite solid with consecutive pulses: Influence of materaial properties on temperature field
journal, April 2008


Prediction of thermal conductivity of rock through physico-mechanical properties
journal, January 2007


Cantilever Drilling - Ushering a New Genre of Drilling
conference, October 2003


Drag Bit Wear Model
journal, June 1989


Crack propagation at a constant crack tip stress intensity factor
journal, August 1980


Rock Types, Depositional History, and Diagenetic Effects, Ivishak Reservoir, Prudhoe Bay Field
journal, February 1997


Pore Geometry in High- and Low-Permeability Sandstones, Travis Peak Formation, East Texas
journal, December 1990


Damage in granite under heating/cooling cycles and water freeze–thaw condition
journal, October 2008


The generalized relationship between the parameters C and m of Paris' law for fatigue crack growth
journal, March 1981


Numerical studies of the influence of microstructure on rock failure in uniaxial compression — Part I: effect of heterogeneity
journal, June 2000


The ALL Electric BHA: Recent Developments toward an Intelligent Coiled-Tubing Drilling System
conference, January 1999


Stress-strain relationship for empirical equations of creep in rocks
journal, March 1972


Dependence of ceramic fracture properties on porosity
journal, January 1993


The microstructures of perthitic alkali feldspars revealed by hydrofluoric acid etching
journal, April 1994


Roller-Bit Penetration Rate Response as a Function of Rock Properties and Well Depth
conference, October 1986


Particle modeling simulation of thermal effects on ore breakage
journal, October 2008


Laboratory Drilling Performance of PDC Bits
journal, June 1988


Damage constitutive model for strain-softening rock based on normal distribution and its parameter determination
journal, October 2007


Rock Matrix Properties of the Ratcliffe Interval (Madison Limestone) Flat Lake Field, Montana
conference, April 2013


Dynamics of ultrasonic percussive drilling of hard rocks
journal, February 2005


Experimental measurement of surface temperatures during flame-jet induced thermal spallation
journal, January 1993


Heat transfer and phase change during picosecond laser ablation of nickel
journal, September 2002


Microcrack statistics, Weibull distribution and micromechanical modeling of compressive failure in rock
journal, July 2006


Effects of microstructures on dynamic compression of Barre granite
journal, September 2008


Inverted S-shaped model for nonlinear fatigue damage of rock
journal, April 2009


The Constrained Interpolation Profile Method for Multiphase Analysis
journal, May 2001


Underwater Laser Welding by 4 kW CW YAG Laser
journal, October 2001


An evaluation of the microcrack density of rocks by ultrasonic velocimetric method
journal, July 1985


Determination of the thermal conductivity from physico-mechanical properties
journal, February 2008


Laser short pulse heating: Influence of pulse intensity on temperature and stress fields
journal, October 2006


Laser treatment of aluminum surface: Analysis of thermal stress field in the irradiated region
journal, January 2009


Nano-second laser pulse heating and assisting gas jet considerations
journal, May 2000


Repetitive laser pulse heating with a convective boundary condition at the surface
journal, December 2000


An empirical relationship between thermal conductivity and elastic wave velocities in sandstone
journal, August 1993


Dynamic failure analysis on granite under uniaxial impact compressive load
journal, July 2008


Faraday Rotators With Short Magneto-Optical Elements for 50-kW Laser Power
journal, June 2007


Analysis of stimulated Brillouin scattering in multi-mode fiber by numerical solution
journal, May 2003


Microcrack interaction brittle rock subjected to uniaxial tensile loads
journal, February 2007


A new thermal-shock-resistance model for ceramics: Establishment and validation
journal, September 2005


Investigation of thermal fatigue behavior of thermal barrier coating systems
journal, October 1997


Investigation of thermal high cycle and low cycle fatigue mechanisms of thick thermal barrier coatings
journal, May 1998


Determinants of House Prices: A Quantile Regression Approach
journal, July 2007