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Title: Filamentous carbon particles for cleaning oil spills and method of production

Abstract

A compact hydrogen generator is coupled to or integrated with a fuel cell for portable power applications. Hydrogen is produced via thermocatalytic decomposition (cracking, pyrolysis) of hydrocarbon fuels in oxidant-free environment. The apparatus can utilize a variety of hydrocarbon fuels, including natural gas, propane, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, crude oil (including sulfurous fuels). The hydrogen-rich gas produced is free of carbon oxides or other reactive impurities, so it could be directly fed to any type of a fuel cell. The catalysts for hydrogen production in the apparatus are carbon-based or metal-based materials and doped, if necessary, with a sulfur-capturing agent. Additionally disclosed are two novel processes for the production of two types of carbon filaments, and a novel filamentous carbon product. The hydrogen generator can be conveniently integrated with high temperature fuel cells to produce an efficient and self-contained source of electrical power.

Inventors:
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. Of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1176210
Patent Number(s):
7691271
Application Number:
11/807,803
Assignee:
University Of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc. (Orlando, FL)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
C - CHEMISTRY C01 - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY C01B - NON-METALLIC ELEMENTS
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B82 - NANOTECHNOLOGY B82Y - SPECIFIC USES OR APPLICATIONS OF NANOSTRUCTURES
DOE Contract Number:  
FC36-99GO10456
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2007 May 30
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 08 HYDROGEN

Citation Formats

Muradov, Nazim. Filamentous carbon particles for cleaning oil spills and method of production. United States: N. p., 2010. Web.
Muradov, Nazim. Filamentous carbon particles for cleaning oil spills and method of production. United States.
Muradov, Nazim. Tue . "Filamentous carbon particles for cleaning oil spills and method of production". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1176210.
@article{osti_1176210,
title = {Filamentous carbon particles for cleaning oil spills and method of production},
author = {Muradov, Nazim},
abstractNote = {A compact hydrogen generator is coupled to or integrated with a fuel cell for portable power applications. Hydrogen is produced via thermocatalytic decomposition (cracking, pyrolysis) of hydrocarbon fuels in oxidant-free environment. The apparatus can utilize a variety of hydrocarbon fuels, including natural gas, propane, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, crude oil (including sulfurous fuels). The hydrogen-rich gas produced is free of carbon oxides or other reactive impurities, so it could be directly fed to any type of a fuel cell. The catalysts for hydrogen production in the apparatus are carbon-based or metal-based materials and doped, if necessary, with a sulfur-capturing agent. Additionally disclosed are two novel processes for the production of two types of carbon filaments, and a novel filamentous carbon product. The hydrogen generator can be conveniently integrated with high temperature fuel cells to produce an efficient and self-contained source of electrical power.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {4}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Catalytic decomposition of natural gas to hydrogen for fuel cell applications
journal, April 1997


Growth of filamentary carbon on metallic surfaces during the pyrolysis of methane and acetone
journal, October 1973


A review of catalytically grown carbon nanofibers
journal, December 1993


Whiskerization of carbon beads by vapor phase growth of carbon fibers to obtain sea urchin-type particles
journal, January 1983


Kinetic and microscopic aspects of catalytic carbon growth
journal, January 1985