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Title: Photoinduced charge-transfer materials for nonlinear optical applications

Abstract

A method using polyelectrolyte self-assembly for preparing multi-layered organic molecular materials having individual layers which exhibit ultrafast electron and/or energy transfer in a controlled direction occurring over the entire structure. Using a high molecular weight, water-soluble, anionic form of poly-phenylene vinylene, self-assembled films can be formed which show high photoluminescence quantum efficiency (QE). The highest emission QE is achieved using poly(propylene-imine) (PPI) dendrimers as cationic binders. Self-quenching of the luminescence is observed as the solid polymer film thickness is increased and can be reversed by inserting additional spacer layers of transparent polyelectrolytes between each active conjugated layer, such that the QE grows with thickness. A red shift of the luminescence is also observed as additional PPV layers are added. This effect persists as self-quenching is eliminated. Charge transfer superlattices can be formed by additionally incorporating C.sub.60 acceptor layers.

Inventors:
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Security, LLC, Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1175959
Patent Number(s):
7125578
Application Number:
09/298,297
Assignee:
Los Alamos National Security, LLC (Los Alamos, NM)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B82 - NANOTECHNOLOGY B82Y - SPECIFIC USES OR APPLICATIONS OF NANOSTRUCTURES
G - PHYSICS G02 - OPTICS G02F - DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

McBranch, Duncan W. Photoinduced charge-transfer materials for nonlinear optical applications. United States: N. p., 2006. Web.
McBranch, Duncan W. Photoinduced charge-transfer materials for nonlinear optical applications. United States.
McBranch, Duncan W. Tue . "Photoinduced charge-transfer materials for nonlinear optical applications". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1175959.
@article{osti_1175959,
title = {Photoinduced charge-transfer materials for nonlinear optical applications},
author = {McBranch, Duncan W.},
abstractNote = {A method using polyelectrolyte self-assembly for preparing multi-layered organic molecular materials having individual layers which exhibit ultrafast electron and/or energy transfer in a controlled direction occurring over the entire structure. Using a high molecular weight, water-soluble, anionic form of poly-phenylene vinylene, self-assembled films can be formed which show high photoluminescence quantum efficiency (QE). The highest emission QE is achieved using poly(propylene-imine) (PPI) dendrimers as cationic binders. Self-quenching of the luminescence is observed as the solid polymer film thickness is increased and can be reversed by inserting additional spacer layers of transparent polyelectrolytes between each active conjugated layer, such that the QE grows with thickness. A red shift of the luminescence is also observed as additional PPV layers are added. This effect persists as self-quenching is eliminated. Charge transfer superlattices can be formed by additionally incorporating C.sub.60 acceptor layers.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2006},
month = {10}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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journal, January 1999


Design and synthesis of chromophores and polymers for electro-optic and photorefractive applications
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