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Title: Detection of submicron scale cracks and other surface anomalies using positron emission tomography

Abstract

Detection of submicron scale cracks and other mechanical and chemical surface anomalies using PET. This surface technique has sufficient sensitivity to detect single voids or pits of sub-millimeter size and single cracks or fissures of millimeter size; and single cracks or fissures of millimeter-scale length, micrometer-scale depth, and nanometer-scale length, micrometer-scale depth, and nanometer-scale width. This technique can also be applied to detect surface regions of differing chemical reactivity. It may be utilized in a scanning or survey mode to simultaneously detect such mechanical or chemical features over large interior or exterior surface areas of parts as large as about 50 cm in diameter. The technique involves exposing a surface to short-lived radioactive gas for a time period, removing the excess gas to leave a partial monolayer, determining the location and shape of the cracks, voids, porous regions, etc., and calculating the width, depth, and length thereof. Detection of 0.01 mm deep cracks using a 3 mm detector resolution has been accomplished using this technique.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
The Regents Of University Of California, Oakland, CA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1174734
Patent Number(s):
6,693,277
Application Number:
09/224,748
Assignee:
University Of California, The Regents Of OSTI
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Cowan, Thomas E., Howell, Richard H., and Colmenares, Carlos A. Detection of submicron scale cracks and other surface anomalies using positron emission tomography. United States: N. p., 2004. Web.
Cowan, Thomas E., Howell, Richard H., & Colmenares, Carlos A. Detection of submicron scale cracks and other surface anomalies using positron emission tomography. United States.
Cowan, Thomas E., Howell, Richard H., and Colmenares, Carlos A. Tue . "Detection of submicron scale cracks and other surface anomalies using positron emission tomography". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1174734.
@article{osti_1174734,
title = {Detection of submicron scale cracks and other surface anomalies using positron emission tomography},
author = {Cowan, Thomas E. and Howell, Richard H. and Colmenares, Carlos A.},
abstractNote = {Detection of submicron scale cracks and other mechanical and chemical surface anomalies using PET. This surface technique has sufficient sensitivity to detect single voids or pits of sub-millimeter size and single cracks or fissures of millimeter size; and single cracks or fissures of millimeter-scale length, micrometer-scale depth, and nanometer-scale length, micrometer-scale depth, and nanometer-scale width. This technique can also be applied to detect surface regions of differing chemical reactivity. It may be utilized in a scanning or survey mode to simultaneously detect such mechanical or chemical features over large interior or exterior surface areas of parts as large as about 50 cm in diameter. The technique involves exposing a surface to short-lived radioactive gas for a time period, removing the excess gas to leave a partial monolayer, determining the location and shape of the cracks, voids, porous regions, etc., and calculating the width, depth, and length thereof. Detection of 0.01 mm deep cracks using a 3 mm detector resolution has been accomplished using this technique.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2004},
month = {2}
}

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