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Title: Solid-state microrefrigerator

Abstract

A normal-insulator-superconductor (NIS) microrefrigerator in which a superconducting single crystal is both the substrate and the superconducting electrode of the NIS junction. The refrigerator consists of a large ultra-pure superconducting single crystal and a normal metal layer on top of the superconducting crystal, separated by a thin insulating layer. The superconducting crystal can be either cut from bulk material or grown as a thick epitaxial film. The large single superconducting crystal allows quasiparticles created in the superconducting crystal to easily diffuse away from the NIS junction through the lattice structure of the crystal to normal metal traps to prevent the quasiparticles from returning across the NIS junction. In comparison to thin film NIS refrigerators, the invention provides orders of magnitude larger cooling power than thin film microrefrigerators. The superconducting crystal can serve as the superconducting electrode for multiple NIS junctions to provide an array of microrefrigerators. The normal electrode can be extended and supported by microsupports to provide support and cooling of sensors or arrays of sensors.

Inventors:
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
United States Of America, Department Of Energy
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1174380
Patent Number(s):
6581387
Assignee:
United States Of America, Department Of Energy
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
F - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING F25 - REFRIGERATION OR COOLING F25B - REFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02B - CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Ullom, Joel N. Solid-state microrefrigerator. United States: N. p., 2003. Web.
Ullom, Joel N. Solid-state microrefrigerator. United States.
Ullom, Joel N. Tue . "Solid-state microrefrigerator". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1174380.
@article{osti_1174380,
title = {Solid-state microrefrigerator},
author = {Ullom, Joel N.},
abstractNote = {A normal-insulator-superconductor (NIS) microrefrigerator in which a superconducting single crystal is both the substrate and the superconducting electrode of the NIS junction. The refrigerator consists of a large ultra-pure superconducting single crystal and a normal metal layer on top of the superconducting crystal, separated by a thin insulating layer. The superconducting crystal can be either cut from bulk material or grown as a thick epitaxial film. The large single superconducting crystal allows quasiparticles created in the superconducting crystal to easily diffuse away from the NIS junction through the lattice structure of the crystal to normal metal traps to prevent the quasiparticles from returning across the NIS junction. In comparison to thin film NIS refrigerators, the invention provides orders of magnitude larger cooling power than thin film microrefrigerators. The superconducting crystal can serve as the superconducting electrode for multiple NIS junctions to provide an array of microrefrigerators. The normal electrode can be extended and supported by microsupports to provide support and cooling of sensors or arrays of sensors.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {6}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

High-power on-chip microrefrigerator based on a normal- metal/insulator/superconductor tunnel junction
journal, May 1999


Modeling the power flow in normal conductor-insulator-superconductor junctions
journal, March 1998


Electronic microrefrigerator based on a normal‐insulator‐superconductor tunnel junction
journal, December 1994


Efficient Peltier refrigeration by a pair of normal metal/insulator/superconductor junctions
journal, April 1996


On-Chip Refrigeration by Evaporation of Hot Electrons at Sub-Kelvin Temperatures
journal, August 2000


Quasiparticle behavior in tunnel junction refrigerators
journal, July 2000