Optical phased arrays with evanescently-coupled antennas
An optical phased array formed of a large number of nanophotonic antenna elements can be used to project complex images into the far field. These nanophotonic phased arrays, including the nanophotonic antenna elements and waveguides, can be formed on a single chip of silicon using complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) processes. Directional couplers evanescently couple light from the waveguides to the nanophotonic antenna elements, which emit the light as beams with phases and amplitudes selected so that the emitted beams interfere in the far field to produce the desired pattern. In some cases, each antenna in the phased array may be optically coupled to a corresponding variable delay line, such as a thermo-optically tuned waveguide or a liquid-filled cell, which can be used to vary the phase of the antenna's output (and the resulting far-field interference pattern).
- Issue Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Cambridge, MA) SSO
- Patent Number(s):
- Application Number:
- Contract Number:
- Resource Relation:
- Patent File Date: 2014 Jan 07
- Research Org:
- Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
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- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 42 ENGINEERING
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journal, January 2011
- Doylend, J. K.; Heck, M. J. R.; Bovington, J. T.
- Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 22, p. 21595-21604
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journal, January 2005
- Schuck, P. J.; Fromm, D. P.; Sundaramurthy, A.
- Physical Review Letters, Vol. 94, Issue 1, Article No. 017402
Reconstruction of an object from the modulus of its Fourier transform
journal, January 1978
- Fienup, J. R.
- Optics Letters, Vol. 3, Issue 1, p. 27-29
Electronically controlled optical beam-steering by an active phased array of metallic nanoantennas
journal, January 2013
- DeRose, C. T.; Kekatpure, R. D.; Trotter, D. C.
- Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 4, p. 5198-5208
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