skip to main content
DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Sensors and devices containing ultra-small nanowire arrays


A network of nanowires may be used for a sensor. The nanowires are metallic, each nanowire has a thickness of at most 20 nm, and each nanowire has a width of at most 20 nm. The sensor may include nanowires comprising Pd, and the sensor may sense a change in hydrogen concentration from 0 to 100%. A device may include the hydrogen sensor, such as a vehicle, a fuel cell, a hydrogen storage tank, a facility for manufacturing steel, or a facility for refining petroleum products.

Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Board of Trustees of Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Patent Number(s):
Application Number:
Board of Trustees of Northern Illinois University (DeKalb, IL)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
DOE Contract Number:  
Resource Type:
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Xiao, Zhili. Sensors and devices containing ultra-small nanowire arrays. United States: N. p., 2014. Web.
Xiao, Zhili. Sensors and devices containing ultra-small nanowire arrays. United States.
Xiao, Zhili. Tue . "Sensors and devices containing ultra-small nanowire arrays". United States.
title = {Sensors and devices containing ultra-small nanowire arrays},
author = {Xiao, Zhili},
abstractNote = {A network of nanowires may be used for a sensor. The nanowires are metallic, each nanowire has a thickness of at most 20 nm, and each nanowire has a width of at most 20 nm. The sensor may include nanowires comprising Pd, and the sensor may sense a change in hydrogen concentration from 0 to 100%. A device may include the hydrogen sensor, such as a vehicle, a fuel cell, a hydrogen storage tank, a facility for manufacturing steel, or a facility for refining petroleum products.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {9}


Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Hydrogen detector
patent, November 1977

Patterned Nanowires
patent-application, November 2011

Development of ultra-high density silicon nanowire arrays for electronics applications
journal, July 2008

Reliability of sensors based on nanowire networks
journal, February 2013

SERS enhancement dependence on the diameter and aspect ratio of silver-nanowire array fabricated by anodic aluminium oxide template
journal, December 2008

An in situ electrical study on primary hydrogen spillover from nanocatalysts to amorphous carbon support
journal, December 2008

Crossover behavior in the hydrogen sensing mechanism for palladium ultrathin films
journal, March 2010

Highly sensitive hydrogen sensors using palladium coated fiber optics with exposed cores and evanescent field interactions
journal, July 1999

The Hydrogen Economy
journal, December 2004

An overview of hydrogen safety sensors and requirements
journal, February 2011

Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes for Molecular Hydrogen Sensors
journal, September 2001

Hydrogen Sensors and Switches from Electrodeposited Palladium Mesowire Arrays
journal, September 2001

Palladium Mesowire Arrays for Fast Hydrogen Sensors and Hydrogen-Actuated Switches
journal, April 2002

Extreme Changes in the Electrical Resistance of Titania Nanotubes with Hydrogen Exposure
journal, April 2003

Hydrogen sensing using titania nanotubes
journal, August 2003

Self-assembled monolayer-enhanced hydrogen sensing with ultrathin palladium films
journal, May 2005

Unprecedented ultra-high hydrogen gas sensitivity in undoped titania nanotubes
journal, December 2005

Volume-Expansion-Enhanced Pinning of Nanoporous Pd Films for Detection of High-Concentration Hydrogen
journal, September 2006

A Pyrolytic, Carbon-Stabilized, Nanoporous Pd Film for Wide-Range H2 Sensing
journal, August 2007

Pulse like hydrogen sensing response in Pd nanoparticle layers
journal, December 2007

A hydrogen sensor based on tunneling between palladium clusters
journal, October 2007

High-Performance, Flexible Hydrogen Sensors That Use Carbon Nanotubes Decorated with Palladium Nanoparticles
journal, October 2007

A single nanotrench in a palladium microwire for hydrogen detection
journal, February 2008

Pd Nanoparticles and Thin Films for Room Temperature Hydrogen Sensor
journal, July 2009

Fast, Sensitive Hydrogen Gas Detection Using Single Palladium Nanowires That Resist Fracture
journal, May 2009

Finite size effect on hydrogen gas sensing performance in single Pd nanowires
journal, November 2008

Ultralow-power hydrogen sensing with single palladium nanowires
journal, June 2009

Concentration-specific hydrogen sensing behavior in monosized Pd nanoparticle layers
journal, December 2008

Joule Heating a Palladium Nanowire Sensor for Accelerated Response and Recovery to Hydrogen Gas
journal, June 2010

Sensing response of palladium nanoparticles and thin films to deuterium and hydrogen: Effect of gas atom diffusivity
journal, October 2010

The transition in hydrogen sensing behavior in noncontinuous palladium films
journal, September 2010

Hydrogen-Induced Reversible Insulator-Metal Transition in a Palladium Nanosphere Sensor
journal, September 2010

Development and testing of a miniaturized hydrogen safety sensor prototype
journal, July 2010

Effects of Surface Roughness on Hydrogen Gas Sensing Properties of Single Pd Nanowires
journal, March 2011

Suppression of phase transitions in Pd thin films by insertion of a Ti buffer layer
journal, October 2010

Low-Dimensional Palladium Nanostructures for Fast and Reliable Hydrogen Gas Detection
journal, January 2011

Hydrogen Gas Sensing with Networks of Ultrasmall Palladium Nanowires Formed on Filtration Membranes
journal, January 2011

The Interaction of palladium with alumina and titanium oxide supports
journal, October 1984

Fabrication of Alumina Nanotubes and Nanowires by Etching Porous Alumina Membranes
journal, November 2002

The wetting and bonding behaviour of some nickel alloy-alumina systems
journal, January 1976

Superconducting transition and vortex pinning in Nb films patterned with nanoscale hole arrays
journal, December 2002

Nickel antidot arrays on anodic alumina substrates
journal, October 2002

Electrical and structural characteristics of chromium thin films deposited on glass and alumina substrates
journal, June 1997

Electrical resistivity of copper, gold, palladium, and silver
journal, October 1979

A surface analytical study of the formation and adhesion of chromium films on alumina
journal, January 1992

Electrical resistance measurements as a function of composition of palladium - hydrogen(deuterium) systems by a gas phase method
journal, May 1996

Phase transition and lattice expansion during hydrogen loading of nanometer sized palladium clusters
journal, August 2003

Solubility of hydrogen in single-sized palladium clusters
journal, July 2001

Hydrogen-Induced Ostwald Ripening at Room Temperature in a Pd Nanocluster Film
journal, June 2008

Flammability of gas mixtures containing volatile organic compounds and hydrogen
journal, May 2000

Thin palladium film as a sensor of hydrogen gas dissolved in transformer oil
journal, November 2002

Solid‐state sensors for trace hydrogen gas detection
journal, September 1990

A novel high-sensitive Pd/InP hydrogen sensor fabricated by electroless plating
journal, June 2002

Detectivity comparison between thin-film Pd/PVDF photopyroelectric interferometric and optical reflectance hydrogen sensors
journal, November 1999

Pd-coated elastooptic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing
journal, November 1999

Hydrogen in Nano-sized Metals
journal, February 2004

Hysteresis behavior of electrical resistance in Pd thin films during the process of absorption and desorption of hydrogen gas
journal, July 2010

Individual Pd nanowire hydrogen sensors fabricated by electron-beam lithography
journal, March 2009

Fabrication of Palladium Nanotubes and Their Application in Hydrogen Sensing
journal, June 2005

Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition
journal, October 2006

X-ray diffraction and H-storage in ultra-small palladium particles
journal, January 2009

Narrowing of the palladium-hydrogen miscibility gap in nanocrystalline palladium
journal, July 1993

Thin films of Pd/Ni alloys for detection of high hydrogen concentrations
journal, January 1992

Hydrogen sensing of nanoporous palladium films supported by anodic aluminum oxides
journal, December 2006

Hydrogen Storage Properties of Nanoporous Palladium Fabricated by Dealloying
journal, December 2009

Networks of Ultrasmall Pd/Cr Nanowires as High Performance Hydrogen Sensors
journal, August 2011

Hydrogen gas sensor using Pd nanowires electro-deposited into anodized alumina template
journal, June 2006

Hydrogen Spillover Enhanced Hydriding Kinetics of Palladium-Doped Lithium Nitride to Lithium Imide
journal, April 2009

MOS hydrogen sensor with very fast response based on ultra-thin thermal SiO2 film
journal, November 2010

Sensors for Detecting Molecular Hydrogen Based on Pd Metal Alloys
journal, January 1997

Alkyltrichlorosilane-based self-assembled monolayer films for stiction reduction in silicon micromachines
journal, June 1998

Hydrogen responses of ultrathin Pd films and nanowire networks with a Ti buffer layer
journal, June 2012

Pt/GaN Schottky diodes for hydrogen gas sensors
journal, February 2006

Hydrogen Gas Sensors Fabricated on Atomically Flat 4H-SiC Webbed Cantilevers
journal, September 2008

Detection of Cyclic Volatile Organic Compounds Using Single-Step Anodized Nanoporous Alumina Sensors
journal, July 2009

Measurements and Performance Evaluation of Novel Interdigital Sensors for Different Chemicals Related to Food Poisoning
journal, November 2011

Modelling and fabrication of optimum structure of novel interdigital sensors for food inspection
journal, April 2011

  • Mohd Syaifudin, A. R.; Mukhopadhyay, S. C.; Yu, P. L.
  • International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields, Vol. 25, Issue 1, p. 64-81

A low cost novel sensing system for detection of dangerous marine biotoxins in seafood
journal, March 2009

Palladium dispersed multiwalled carbon nanotube based hydrogen sensor for fuel cell applications
journal, September 2007

Palladium Nanoparticles Decorated Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Hydrogen Sensor
journal, May 2007