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Title: Composite oxygen transport membrane

A method of producing a composite oxygen ion membrane and a composite oxygen ion membrane in which a porous fuel oxidation layer and a dense separation layer and optionally, a porous surface exchange layer are formed on a porous support from mixtures of (Ln.sub.1-xA.sub.x).sub.wCr.sub.1-yB.sub.yO.sub.3-.delta. and a doped zirconia. In the porous fuel oxidation layer and the optional porous surface exchange layer, A is Calcium and in the dense separation layer A is not Calcium and, preferably is Strontium. Preferred materials are (La.sub.0.8Ca.sub.0.2).sub.0.95Cr.sub.0.5Mn.sub.0.5O.sub.3-.delta. for the porous fuel oxidation and optional porous surface exchange layers and (La.sub.0.8Sr.sub.0.2).sub.0.95Cr.sub.0.5Fe.sub.0.5O.sub.3-.delta. for the dense separation layer. The use of such materials allows the membrane to sintered in air and without the use of pore formers to reduce membrane manufacturing costs. The use of materials, as described herein, for forming the porous layers have application for forming any type of porous structure, such as a catalyst support.
Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1150016
Assignee:
Praxair Technology, Inc. (Danbury, CT) NETL
Patent Number(s):
8,795,417
Application Number:
13/644,666
Contract Number:
FC26-07NT43088
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2012 Oct 04
Research Org:
NETL (National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA, and Morgantown, WV (United States))
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Works referenced in this record:

Ceramic membrane reformer
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Process for producing a syngas
patent, June 2002

Electrochemical Carbon Monoxide Production
patent-application, October 2011

Stoichiometric lanthanum chromite based ceramic interconnects with low sintering temperature
journal, March 2006