DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Cation-substituted spinel oxide and oxyfluoride cathodes for lithium ion batteries

Abstract

The present invention includes compositions and methods of making cation-substituted and fluorine-substituted spinel cathode compositions by firing a LiMn.sub.2-y-zLi.sub.yM.sub.zO.sub.4 oxide with NH.sub.4HF.sub.2 at low temperatures of between about 300 and 700.degree. C. for 2 to 8 hours and a .eta. of more than 0 and less than about 0.50, mixed two-phase compositions consisting of a spinel cathode and a layered oxide cathode, and coupling them with unmodified or surface modified graphite anodes in lithium ion cells.

Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1131317
Patent Number(s):
8722246
Application Number:
12/752,779
Assignee:
Board of Regents, The University of Texas System (Austin, TX)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01M - PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02E - REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-765F00098
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2010 Apr 01
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Manthiram, Arumugam, and Choi, Wongchang. Cation-substituted spinel oxide and oxyfluoride cathodes for lithium ion batteries. United States: N. p., 2014. Web.
Manthiram, Arumugam, & Choi, Wongchang. Cation-substituted spinel oxide and oxyfluoride cathodes for lithium ion batteries. United States.
Manthiram, Arumugam, and Choi, Wongchang. Tue . "Cation-substituted spinel oxide and oxyfluoride cathodes for lithium ion batteries". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1131317.
@article{osti_1131317,
title = {Cation-substituted spinel oxide and oxyfluoride cathodes for lithium ion batteries},
author = {Manthiram, Arumugam and Choi, Wongchang},
abstractNote = {The present invention includes compositions and methods of making cation-substituted and fluorine-substituted spinel cathode compositions by firing a LiMn.sub.2-y-zLi.sub.yM.sub.zO.sub.4 oxide with NH.sub.4HF.sub.2 at low temperatures of between about 300 and 700.degree. C. for 2 to 8 hours and a .eta. of more than 0 and less than about 0.50, mixed two-phase compositions consisting of a spinel cathode and a layered oxide cathode, and coupling them with unmodified or surface modified graphite anodes in lithium ion cells.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {5}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Manganese dioxide cathode
patent, February 1976


Nonaqueous cell having an electrolyte containing crotonitrile
patent, April 1976


Novel products
patent, April 1976


Multicell alkaline primary battery
patent, May 1976


Nickel-zinc cell
patent, June 1976


Secondary electrochemical cell having non-consumable silicon cathode
patent, September 1976


Edge lighted electrochromic displays
patent, December 1976


Layered manganese compound of the formula CA.sub.2 MN.sub.3 O.sub.8
patent, September 1977


Process for preparing a mask for use in manufacturing a semiconductor device
patent, January 1978


Segmented electrochromic display general
patent, February 1978


Accumulator equipped with cathodes of manganese dioxide or lead dioxide
patent, March 1978


Flat battery with electrodes in slurry form
patent, August 1978


Battery electrolyte corrosion inhibitor
patent, September 1978


Secondary cells
patent, September 1978


Positive electrode for air-depolarized alkaline primary cell with thickened electrolyte
patent, October 1978


Dry cells with stainless steel current collector
patent, November 1978


Rechargeable nonaqueous cell with chalcogenide electrode
patent, November 1978


Process for producing a positive electrode for a non-aqueous cell
patent, January 1979


Alkaline primary cell
patent, October 1979


Long-life alkaline primary battery
patent, March 1980


Non-aqueous electrolyte cells
patent, April 1980


Porous manganese electrode(s)
patent, April 1980


Method of manufacturing positive electrode for nonaqueous cell
patent, August 1980


Dry electric cells
patent, September 1980


Separators for secondary cells and similar systems
patent, September 1980


Magnesium-lithium alloy
patent, November 1980


Dry cells
patent, December 1980


MnO.sub.2 derived from LiMn.sub.2 O.sub.4
patent, January 1981


Consumable replaceable anodes for batteries
patent, January 1981


Silver oxide cell and its manufacture
patent, January 1981


Dry cell battery
patent, February 1981


Magnetized active carbon composition
patent, April 1981


Cell having improved rechargeability
patent, May 1981


Oxygen electrode preparation
patent, May 1981


Manganese dioxide
patent, July 1981


Production of battery-grade manganese dioxide
patent, August 1981


Cathode for an electrochemical cell and an electrochemical cell
patent, September 1981


Process for producing a positive electrode for a non-aqueous electrolytic cell
patent, October 1981


Battery and electrolytic cell electrodes
patent, October 1981


Metal oxide composite cathode material for high energy density batteries
patent, January 1982


MnO.sub.2 Derived from LiMn.sub.2 O.sub.4
patent, January 1982


Structure of positive plate of enclosed type battery
patent, April 1982


Air cathode for air depolarized cells
patent, June 1982


Organic electrolyte cell with manganese dioxide cathode and a light metal anode
patent, June 1982


Bifunctional air electrodes containing elemental iron powder charging additive
patent, July 1982


Laminar electrical cells and batteries
patent, November 1982


Electrochemical cell
patent, December 1982


Alkaline cell
patent, January 1983


Inert electrode compositions
patent, February 1983


Chemically polished ceramic body
patent, February 1983


Inert electrode formulations
patent, February 1983


Rechargeable galvanic element
patent, May 1983


Complex metal sulfide cathodes for nonaqueous cells
patent, June 1983


Composition for inert electrodes
patent, August 1983


Non-aqueous Li/MnO.sub.2 cell
patent, August 1983


Anode neutralization
patent, October 1983


Gas detecting sensor
patent, November 1983


Sulfide-containing cathode for nonaqueous cells
patent, December 1983


Lithium - manganese dioxide cell
patent, May 1984


Rechargeable zinc/manganese dioxide cell
patent, May 1984


Electrochemical cells having a gelled anode-electrolyte mixture
patent, June 1984


Inert electrode compositions
patent, October 1984


Cell solvent
patent, December 1984


Oxygen sensor with heater
patent, April 1985


Electrochemical cell
patent, July 1985


Battery with graphite-manganese chloride insertion compound
patent, July 1985


Iodide treatment of manganese dioxide
patent, September 1985


Organic electrolyte cells
patent, December 1985


Cell anode
patent, April 1986


Lithium-manganese dioxide cell
patent, April 1986


Air cell electrode and process for preparing its catalyst
patent, June 1986


Oxygen permeable membrane
patent, July 1986


Method for preparing positive electrode for non-aqueous electrolyte cell
patent, July 1986


New lanthanum and nickel based alloys, their manufacture and their electrochemical applications
patent, September 1986


Cell cathode material
patent, September 1986


Method for dehydrating manganese dioxide
patent, May 1987


Dense sintered bodies of nitride materials
patent, January 1988


Aluminium reduction cell
patent, April 1988


Aluminum anode alloy
patent, June 1988


Non-aqueous secondary cell
patent, July 1988


Current conductor for a metal oxide electrode in an alkaline electrolyte system
patent, July 1988


Non-consumable anode for molten salt electrolysis
patent, September 1990


Solid electrolyte composition
patent, July 1993


Positive electrode for rechargeable lithium batteries
patent, November 1993


Cyclic ethers, solid electrolytes containing such ethers and electrolytic cells produced therefrom
patent, March 1994


Method of making lithium battery electrode compositions
patent, July 1994


Method for in situ preparation of an electrode composition
patent, August 1994


Allyl polyalkylene ether polymers and solid electrolytes for an electrochemical cell
patent, August 1994


Allyl carbonate polymer solid electrolytes
patent, September 1994


Enhanced lithium surface
patent, October 1994


Device for determining mechanical properties of materials
patent, October 1994


Method for making a battery assembly
patent, October 1994


Allyl polyelectrolytes
patent, October 1994


Method for mixing LiPF.sub.6 electrolytes at elevated temperatures
patent, October 1994


Current collectors for electrochemical cells and batteries
patent, November 1994


Fire-resistant solid polymer electrolytes
patent, February 1995


Acidity reduction of adhesion promoter layer and electrolytic cells produced therefrom
patent, March 1995


Battery packaging and interconnection scheme
patent, April 1995


Electrodes for rechargeable lithium batteries
patent, May 1995


Corner tab termination for flat-cell batteries
patent, May 1995


Solid electrolytes containing polysiloxane acrylates
patent, May 1995


Additive for electrode
patent, May 1995


Cathode composition and method of making same
patent, June 1995


Cathode-active material blends of Li.sub.x Mn.sub.2 O.sub.4
patent, July 1995


Method for producing electrochemical cell
patent, July 1995


Methods for extending the cycle life of solid, secondary electrolytic cells
patent, July 1995


Nonaqueous secondary battery
patent, December 1995


Current collector having a conductive primer layer
patent, December 1995


Method of making V.sub.6 O.sub.13+x [0
patent, January 1996


Delithiated cobalt oxide and nickel oxide phases and method of preparing same
patent, December 1996


Battery laminate with improved electrolyte and anode or cathode layer characteristics
patent, February 1997


Battery mask from radiation curable and thermoplastic materials
patent, March 1997


Method of preparing electrodes
patent, April 1997


Vanadium oxide-based cathode active material and method of making same
patent, April 1997


Method for producing low porosity electrode
patent, April 1997


Solid, solvent-containing electrolytes and electrolytic cells produced therefrom
patent, April 1997


Photoelectrochemical cell
patent, April 1997


Low temperature synthesis of layered lithiated transition metal oxides
patent, May 1997


Apparatus for in situ x-ray study of electrochemical cells
patent, June 1997


Carbonaceous electrode and compatible electrolyte
patent, July 1997


Nonaqueous secondary battery
patent, August 1997


Electrodes for rechargeable lithium batteries
patent, August 1997


Lithium ion electrochemical cell
patent, August 1997


Method of preparing electrochemical cells
patent, September 1997


Lithium copper oxide cathode for lithium cells and batteries
patent, September 1997


Lithium ion electrochemical cell
patent, September 1997


Lithium manganese oxy-fluorides for li-ion rechargeable battery electrodes
patent, October 1997


Apparatus and method of preparing electrochemical cells
patent, November 1997