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Title: High-energy metal air batteries

Abstract

Disclosed herein are embodiments of lithium/air batteries and methods of making and using the same. Certain embodiments are pouch-cell batteries encased within an oxygen-permeable membrane packaging material that is less than 2% of the total battery weight. Some embodiments include a hybrid air electrode comprising carbon and an ion insertion material, wherein the mass ratio of ion insertion material to carbon is 0.2 to 0.8. The air electrode may include hydrophobic, porous fibers. In particular embodiments, the air electrode is soaked with an electrolyte comprising one or more solvents including dimethyl ether, and the dimethyl ether subsequently is evacuated from the soaked electrode. In other embodiments, the electrolyte comprises 10-20% crown ether by weight.

Inventors:
; ; ; ; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1087893
Patent Number(s):
8481187
Application Number:
12/557,452
Assignee:
Battelle Memorial Institute (Richland, WA)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01M - PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Zhang, Ji-Guang, Xiao, Jie, Xu, Wu, Wang, Deyu, Williford, Ralph E., and Liu, Jun. High-energy metal air batteries. United States: N. p., 2013. Web.
Zhang, Ji-Guang, Xiao, Jie, Xu, Wu, Wang, Deyu, Williford, Ralph E., & Liu, Jun. High-energy metal air batteries. United States.
Zhang, Ji-Guang, Xiao, Jie, Xu, Wu, Wang, Deyu, Williford, Ralph E., and Liu, Jun. Tue . "High-energy metal air batteries". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1087893.
@article{osti_1087893,
title = {High-energy metal air batteries},
author = {Zhang, Ji-Guang and Xiao, Jie and Xu, Wu and Wang, Deyu and Williford, Ralph E. and Liu, Jun},
abstractNote = {Disclosed herein are embodiments of lithium/air batteries and methods of making and using the same. Certain embodiments are pouch-cell batteries encased within an oxygen-permeable membrane packaging material that is less than 2% of the total battery weight. Some embodiments include a hybrid air electrode comprising carbon and an ion insertion material, wherein the mass ratio of ion insertion material to carbon is 0.2 to 0.8. The air electrode may include hydrophobic, porous fibers. In particular embodiments, the air electrode is soaked with an electrolyte comprising one or more solvents including dimethyl ether, and the dimethyl ether subsequently is evacuated from the soaked electrode. In other embodiments, the electrolyte comprises 10-20% crown ether by weight.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {7}
}

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