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Title: Plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer

Abstract

A reformer is disclosed that includes a plasma zone to receive a pre-heated mixture of reactants and ionize the reactants by applying an electrical potential thereto. A first thermally conductive surface surrounds the plasma zone and is configured to transfer heat from an external heat source into the plasma zone. The reformer further includes a reaction zone to chemically transform the ionized reactants into synthesis gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide. A second thermally conductive surface surrounds the reaction zone and is configured to transfer heat from the external heat source into the reaction zone. The first thermally conductive surface and second thermally conductive surface are both directly exposed to the external heat source. A corresponding method and system are also disclosed and claimed herein.

Inventors:
; ; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Ceramatec, Inc. (Salt Lake City, UT)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1084259
Patent Number(s):
8460409
Application Number:
12/537,953
Assignee:
Ceramatec, Inc. (Salt Lake City, UT)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01J - CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY
C - CHEMISTRY C01 - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY C01B - NON-METALLIC ELEMENTS
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER84663
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION

Citation Formats

Hartvigsen, Joseph J., Elangovan, S., Czernichowski, Piotr, and Hollist, Michele. Plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer. United States: N. p., 2013. Web.
Hartvigsen, Joseph J., Elangovan, S., Czernichowski, Piotr, & Hollist, Michele. Plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer. United States.
Hartvigsen, Joseph J., Elangovan, S., Czernichowski, Piotr, and Hollist, Michele. Tue . "Plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1084259.
@article{osti_1084259,
title = {Plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer},
author = {Hartvigsen, Joseph J. and Elangovan, S. and Czernichowski, Piotr and Hollist, Michele},
abstractNote = {A reformer is disclosed that includes a plasma zone to receive a pre-heated mixture of reactants and ionize the reactants by applying an electrical potential thereto. A first thermally conductive surface surrounds the plasma zone and is configured to transfer heat from an external heat source into the plasma zone. The reformer further includes a reaction zone to chemically transform the ionized reactants into synthesis gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide. A second thermally conductive surface surrounds the reaction zone and is configured to transfer heat from the external heat source into the reaction zone. The first thermally conductive surface and second thermally conductive surface are both directly exposed to the external heat source. A corresponding method and system are also disclosed and claimed herein.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {6}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Syngas production from South African coal sources using Sasol–Lurgi gasifiers
journal, January 2006


Glidarc Assisted Preparation of the Synthesis Gas from Natural and Waste Hydrocarbons Gases
journal, March 2001


Synthesis gas production using steam hydrogasification and steam reforming
journal, February 2009