DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer

Abstract

A reformer is disclosed that includes a plasma zone to receive a pre-heated mixture of reactants and ionize the reactants by applying an electrical potential thereto. A first thermally conductive surface surrounds the plasma zone and is configured to transfer heat from an external heat source into the plasma zone. The reformer further includes a reaction zone to chemically transform the ionized reactants into synthesis gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide. A second thermally conductive surface surrounds the reaction zone and is configured to transfer heat from the external heat source into the reaction zone. The first thermally conductive surface and second thermally conductive surface are both directly exposed to the external heat source. A corresponding method and system are also disclosed and claimed herein.

Inventors:
; ; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Ceramatec, Inc. (Salt Lake City, UT)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1084259
Patent Number(s):
8460409
Application Number:
12/537,953
Assignee:
Ceramatec, Inc. (Salt Lake City, UT)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01J - CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY
C - CHEMISTRY C01 - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY C01B - NON-METALLIC ELEMENTS
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER84663
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION

Citation Formats

Hartvigsen, Joseph J., Elangovan, S., Czernichowski, Piotr, and Hollist, Michele. Plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer. United States: N. p., 2013. Web.
Hartvigsen, Joseph J., Elangovan, S., Czernichowski, Piotr, & Hollist, Michele. Plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer. United States.
Hartvigsen, Joseph J., Elangovan, S., Czernichowski, Piotr, and Hollist, Michele. Tue . "Plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1084259.
@article{osti_1084259,
title = {Plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer},
author = {Hartvigsen, Joseph J. and Elangovan, S. and Czernichowski, Piotr and Hollist, Michele},
abstractNote = {A reformer is disclosed that includes a plasma zone to receive a pre-heated mixture of reactants and ionize the reactants by applying an electrical potential thereto. A first thermally conductive surface surrounds the plasma zone and is configured to transfer heat from an external heat source into the plasma zone. The reformer further includes a reaction zone to chemically transform the ionized reactants into synthesis gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide. A second thermally conductive surface surrounds the reaction zone and is configured to transfer heat from the external heat source into the reaction zone. The first thermally conductive surface and second thermally conductive surface are both directly exposed to the external heat source. A corresponding method and system are also disclosed and claimed herein.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {6}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Solid oxide fuel cell stack
patent, January 1997


Plasma Whirl Reactor Apparatus and Methods of Use
patent-application, February 2003


Integrated reformer/CPN SOFC stack module design
patent, June 1998


Method of Gasifying Carbonaceous Material
patent, November 1975


Syngas production from South African coal sources using Sasol–Lurgi gasifiers
journal, January 2006


Method and devices for producing hydrogen by plasma reformer
patent, June 2001


Solid oxide fuel cell assembly
patent, December 1991


Use of a chemically reactive plasma for thermal-chemical processes
patent, November 2000


System and method for ignition and reignition of unstable electrical discharges
patent, August 2005


Electrically assisted partial oxidation of light hydrocarbons by oxygen
patent, December 1999


Thermally integrated reformer for solid oxide fuel cells
patent, November 1994


Apparatus for generation of pure hydrogen for use with fuel cells
patent, August 2002


Glidarc Assisted Preparation of the Synthesis Gas from Natural and Waste Hydrocarbons Gases
journal, March 2001


Plasmatron-fuel cell system for generating electricity
patent, April 1995


Synthesis gas production using steam hydrogasification and steam reforming
journal, February 2009


Image processing using vector data to reduce noise
patent, February 2001


Integrated System and Method for Production and Vaporizing of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels for Combustion
patent-application, November 2007


Plasma-catalytic conversion of carbonaceous matters
patent-application, January 2006


Plasmatron-internal combustion engine system
patent, June 1995


System for vaporization of liquid fuels for combustion and method of use
patent, August 2006


Compact multi-fuel steam reformer
patent, August 1999


Plasma-catalytic conversion of carbonaceous matters
patent, December 2008


Cyclonic Reactor with Non-Equilibrium Gliding Discharge and Plasma Process for Reforming of Solid Hydrocarbons
patent-application, March 2009