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Title: Nanocomposite thin films for high temperature optical gas sensing of hydrogen

Abstract

The disclosure relates to a plasmon resonance-based method for H.sub.2 sensing in a gas stream at temperatures greater than about 500.degree. C. utilizing a hydrogen sensing material. The hydrogen sensing material is comprised of gold nanoparticles having an average nanoparticle diameter of less than about 100 nanometers dispersed in an inert matrix having a bandgap greater than or equal to 5 eV, and an oxygen ion conductivity less than approximately 10.sup.-7 S/cm at a temperature of 700.degree. C. Exemplary inert matrix materials include SiO.sub.2, Al.sub.2O.sub.3, and Si.sub.3N.sub.4 as well as modifications to modify the effective refractive indices through combinations and/or doping of such materials. At high temperatures, blue shift of the plasmon resonance optical absorption peak indicates the presence of H.sub.2. The method disclosed offers significant advantage over active and reducible matrix materials typically utilized, such as yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) or TiO.sub.2.

Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, Morgantown, WV (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1083812
Patent Number(s):
8411275
Application Number:
13/443,223
Assignee:
U.S. Department of Energy (Washington, DC)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
G - PHYSICS G01 - MEASURING G01N - INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Ohodnicki, Jr., Paul R., and Brown, Thomas D. Nanocomposite thin films for high temperature optical gas sensing of hydrogen. United States: N. p., 2013. Web.
Ohodnicki, Jr., Paul R., & Brown, Thomas D. Nanocomposite thin films for high temperature optical gas sensing of hydrogen. United States.
Ohodnicki, Jr., Paul R., and Brown, Thomas D. Tue . "Nanocomposite thin films for high temperature optical gas sensing of hydrogen". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1083812.
@article{osti_1083812,
title = {Nanocomposite thin films for high temperature optical gas sensing of hydrogen},
author = {Ohodnicki, Jr., Paul R. and Brown, Thomas D.},
abstractNote = {The disclosure relates to a plasmon resonance-based method for H.sub.2 sensing in a gas stream at temperatures greater than about 500.degree. C. utilizing a hydrogen sensing material. The hydrogen sensing material is comprised of gold nanoparticles having an average nanoparticle diameter of less than about 100 nanometers dispersed in an inert matrix having a bandgap greater than or equal to 5 eV, and an oxygen ion conductivity less than approximately 10.sup.-7 S/cm at a temperature of 700.degree. C. Exemplary inert matrix materials include SiO.sub.2, Al.sub.2O.sub.3, and Si.sub.3N.sub.4 as well as modifications to modify the effective refractive indices through combinations and/or doping of such materials. At high temperatures, blue shift of the plasmon resonance optical absorption peak indicates the presence of H.sub.2. The method disclosed offers significant advantage over active and reducible matrix materials typically utilized, such as yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) or TiO.sub.2.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {4}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Hydrogen Chemisorption on Al 2 O 3 -Supported Gold Catalysts
journal, August 2005


Insight into Gold Nanoparticle–Hydrogen Interaction: A Way To Tailor Nanoparticle Surface Charge and Self-Assembled Monolayer Chemisorption
journal, September 2011


Plasmonic Based Kinetic Analysis of Hydrogen Reactions within Au−YSZ Nanocomposites
journal, March 2011