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Title: CO.sub.2 utilization in electrochemical systems

Abstract

A process for treating fly ash to render it highly usable as a concrete additive. A quantity of fly ash is obtained that contains carbon and which is considered unusable fly ash for concrete based upon foam index testing. The fly ash is mixed with a quantity of spray dryer ash (SDA) and water to initiate a geopolymerization reaction and form a geopolymerized fly ash. The geopolymerized fly ash is granulated. The geopolymerized fly ash is considered usable fly ash for concrete according to foam index testing. The geopolymerized fly ash may have a foam index less than 40%, and in some cases less than 20%, of the foam index of the untreated fly ash. An optional alkaline activator may be mixed with the fly ash and SDA to facilitate the geopolymerization reaction. The alkaline activator may contain an alkali metal hydroxide, carbonate, silicate, aluminate, or mixtures thereof.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Calera Corporation (Los Gatos, CA)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1082731
Patent Number(s):
8357239
Application Number:
13/450,272
Assignee:
Calera Corporation (Los Gatos, CA)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
C - CHEMISTRY C04 - CEMENTS C04B - LIME, MAGNESIA
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02W - CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-05ER84197
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Boxley, Chett, Akash, Akash, and Zhao, Qiang. CO.sub.2 utilization in electrochemical systems. United States: N. p., 2013. Web.
Boxley, Chett, Akash, Akash, & Zhao, Qiang. CO.sub.2 utilization in electrochemical systems. United States.
Boxley, Chett, Akash, Akash, and Zhao, Qiang. Tue . "CO.sub.2 utilization in electrochemical systems". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1082731.
@article{osti_1082731,
title = {CO.sub.2 utilization in electrochemical systems},
author = {Boxley, Chett and Akash, Akash and Zhao, Qiang},
abstractNote = {A process for treating fly ash to render it highly usable as a concrete additive. A quantity of fly ash is obtained that contains carbon and which is considered unusable fly ash for concrete based upon foam index testing. The fly ash is mixed with a quantity of spray dryer ash (SDA) and water to initiate a geopolymerization reaction and form a geopolymerized fly ash. The geopolymerized fly ash is granulated. The geopolymerized fly ash is considered usable fly ash for concrete according to foam index testing. The geopolymerized fly ash may have a foam index less than 40%, and in some cases less than 20%, of the foam index of the untreated fly ash. An optional alkaline activator may be mixed with the fly ash and SDA to facilitate the geopolymerization reaction. The alkaline activator may contain an alkali metal hydroxide, carbonate, silicate, aluminate, or mixtures thereof.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {1}
}

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