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Title: Fuel processing device

Abstract

An improved fuel processor for fuel cells is provided whereby the startup time of the processor is less than sixty seconds and can be as low as 30 seconds, if not less. A rapid startup time is achieved by either igniting or allowing a small mixture of air and fuel to react over and warm up the catalyst of an autothermal reformer (ATR). The ATR then produces combustible gases to be subsequently oxidized on and simultaneously warm up water-gas shift zone catalysts. After normal operating temperature has been achieved, the proportion of air included with the fuel is greatly diminished.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Burr Ridge, IL
  2. Naperville, IL
  3. Willowbrook, IL
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
US Department of Energy (USDOE), Washington DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1026841
Patent Number(s):
7988925
Application Number:
12/006,468
Assignee:
UChicago Argonne, LLC (Chicago, IL)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01J - CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY
C - CHEMISTRY C01 - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY C01B - NON-METALLIC ELEMENTS
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION

Citation Formats

Ahluwalia, Rajesh K, Ahmed, Shabbir, and Lee, Sheldon H. D. Fuel processing device. United States: N. p., 2011. Web.
Ahluwalia, Rajesh K, Ahmed, Shabbir, & Lee, Sheldon H. D. Fuel processing device. United States.
Ahluwalia, Rajesh K, Ahmed, Shabbir, and Lee, Sheldon H. D. Tue . "Fuel processing device". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1026841.
@article{osti_1026841,
title = {Fuel processing device},
author = {Ahluwalia, Rajesh K and Ahmed, Shabbir and Lee, Sheldon H. D.},
abstractNote = {An improved fuel processor for fuel cells is provided whereby the startup time of the processor is less than sixty seconds and can be as low as 30 seconds, if not less. A rapid startup time is achieved by either igniting or allowing a small mixture of air and fuel to react over and warm up the catalyst of an autothermal reformer (ATR). The ATR then produces combustible gases to be subsequently oxidized on and simultaneously warm up water-gas shift zone catalysts. After normal operating temperature has been achieved, the proportion of air included with the fuel is greatly diminished.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {8}
}

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