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Title: Particles of spilled oil-absorbing carbon in contact with water

Abstract

Hydrogen generator coupled to or integrated with a fuel cell for portable power applications. Hydrogen is produced via thermocatalytic decomposition (cracking, pyrolysis) of hydrocarbon fuels in oxidant-free environment. The apparatus can utilize a variety of hydrocarbon fuels, including natural gas, propane, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, crude oil (including sulfurous fuels). The hydrogen-rich gas produced is free of carbon oxides or other reactive impurities, so it could be directly fed to any type of a fuel cell. The catalysts for hydrogen production in the apparatus are carbon-based or metal-based materials and doped, if necessary, with a sulfur-capturing agent. Additionally disclosed are two novel processes for the production of two types of carbon filaments, and a novel filamentous carbon product. Carbon particles with surface filaments having a hydrophobic property of oil film absorption, compositions of matter containing those particles, and a system for using the carbon particles for cleaning oil spills.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. Melbourne, FL
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
University of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc. (Orlando, FL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1015587
Patent Number(s):
7,914,683
Application Number:
US Patent Application 12/631,394
Assignee:
University of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc. (Orlando, FL) GFO
DOE Contract Number:  
FC36-99GO10456
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN

Citation Formats

Muradov, Nazim. Particles of spilled oil-absorbing carbon in contact with water. United States: N. p., 2011. Web.
Muradov, Nazim. Particles of spilled oil-absorbing carbon in contact with water. United States.
Muradov, Nazim. Tue . "Particles of spilled oil-absorbing carbon in contact with water". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1015587.
@article{osti_1015587,
title = {Particles of spilled oil-absorbing carbon in contact with water},
author = {Muradov, Nazim},
abstractNote = {Hydrogen generator coupled to or integrated with a fuel cell for portable power applications. Hydrogen is produced via thermocatalytic decomposition (cracking, pyrolysis) of hydrocarbon fuels in oxidant-free environment. The apparatus can utilize a variety of hydrocarbon fuels, including natural gas, propane, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, crude oil (including sulfurous fuels). The hydrogen-rich gas produced is free of carbon oxides or other reactive impurities, so it could be directly fed to any type of a fuel cell. The catalysts for hydrogen production in the apparatus are carbon-based or metal-based materials and doped, if necessary, with a sulfur-capturing agent. Additionally disclosed are two novel processes for the production of two types of carbon filaments, and a novel filamentous carbon product. Carbon particles with surface filaments having a hydrophobic property of oil film absorption, compositions of matter containing those particles, and a system for using the carbon particles for cleaning oil spills.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {3}
}

Patent:

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