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Title: Particles of spilled oil-absorbing carbon in contact with water

Abstract

Hydrogen generator coupled to or integrated with a fuel cell for portable power applications. Hydrogen is produced via thermocatalytic decomposition (cracking, pyrolysis) of hydrocarbon fuels in oxidant-free environment. The apparatus can utilize a variety of hydrocarbon fuels, including natural gas, propane, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, crude oil (including sulfurous fuels). The hydrogen-rich gas produced is free of carbon oxides or other reactive impurities, so it could be directly fed to any type of a fuel cell. The catalysts for hydrogen production in the apparatus are carbon-based or metal-based materials and doped, if necessary, with a sulfur-capturing agent. Additionally disclosed are two novel processes for the production of two types of carbon filaments, and a novel filamentous carbon product. Carbon particles with surface filaments having a hydrophobic property of oil film absorption, compositions of matter containing those particles, and a system for using the carbon particles for cleaning oil spills.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. Melbourne, FL
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
University of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc. (Orlando, FL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1015587
Patent Number(s):
7914683
Application Number:
US Patent Application 12/631,394
Assignee:
University of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc. (Orlando, FL)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
C - CHEMISTRY C01 - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY C01B - NON-METALLIC ELEMENTS
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B82 - NANOTECHNOLOGY B82Y - SPECIFIC USES OR APPLICATIONS OF NANOSTRUCTURES
DOE Contract Number:  
FC36-99GO10456
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN

Citation Formats

Muradov, Nazim. Particles of spilled oil-absorbing carbon in contact with water. United States: N. p., 2011. Web.
Muradov, Nazim. Particles of spilled oil-absorbing carbon in contact with water. United States.
Muradov, Nazim. Tue . "Particles of spilled oil-absorbing carbon in contact with water". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1015587.
@article{osti_1015587,
title = {Particles of spilled oil-absorbing carbon in contact with water},
author = {Muradov, Nazim},
abstractNote = {Hydrogen generator coupled to or integrated with a fuel cell for portable power applications. Hydrogen is produced via thermocatalytic decomposition (cracking, pyrolysis) of hydrocarbon fuels in oxidant-free environment. The apparatus can utilize a variety of hydrocarbon fuels, including natural gas, propane, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, crude oil (including sulfurous fuels). The hydrogen-rich gas produced is free of carbon oxides or other reactive impurities, so it could be directly fed to any type of a fuel cell. The catalysts for hydrogen production in the apparatus are carbon-based or metal-based materials and doped, if necessary, with a sulfur-capturing agent. Additionally disclosed are two novel processes for the production of two types of carbon filaments, and a novel filamentous carbon product. Carbon particles with surface filaments having a hydrophobic property of oil film absorption, compositions of matter containing those particles, and a system for using the carbon particles for cleaning oil spills.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {3}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Catalytic decomposition of natural gas to hydrogen for fuel cell applications
journal, April 1997


A review of catalytically grown carbon nanofibers
journal, December 1993


Growth of filamentary carbon on metallic surfaces during the pyrolysis of methane and acetone
journal, October 1973


Whiskerization of carbon beads by vapor phase growth of carbon fibers to obtain sea urchin-type particles
journal, January 1983


Kinetic and microscopic aspects of catalytic carbon growth
journal, January 1985