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Title: Proboscis extension reflex platform for volatiles and semi-volatiles detection

Abstract

The present invention provides an apparatus for the detection of volatile and semi-volatile chemicals using the olfactory abilities of honey bees that are trained to respond to the presence of a specific chemical in a sample of gas with the proboscis extension reflex (PER). In particular, the geometry and arrangement of the parts of the apparatus are such that the amount of surface area in contact with the sample of gas prior to its introduction to the bees is minimized to improve the detection of particular volatile and semi-volatile that have a tendency to "stick" to contacting surfaces, especially certain chemicals associated with explosives and narcotics. According to another aspect of the present invention, a pre-concentrating means is incorporated with the device to effectively increase the concentration of "sticky" chemicals presented to the insects.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1014727
Patent Number(s):
7841226
Application Number:
12/039,770
Assignee:
U.S. Department of Energy (Washington, DC)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
G - PHYSICS G01 - MEASURING G01N - INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
DOE Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2008 Feb 29
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Wingo, Robert M., McCabe, Kirsten J., and Haarmann, Timothy K. Proboscis extension reflex platform for volatiles and semi-volatiles detection. United States: N. p., 2010. Web.
Wingo, Robert M., McCabe, Kirsten J., & Haarmann, Timothy K. Proboscis extension reflex platform for volatiles and semi-volatiles detection. United States.
Wingo, Robert M., McCabe, Kirsten J., and Haarmann, Timothy K. Tue . "Proboscis extension reflex platform for volatiles and semi-volatiles detection". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1014727.
@article{osti_1014727,
title = {Proboscis extension reflex platform for volatiles and semi-volatiles detection},
author = {Wingo, Robert M. and McCabe, Kirsten J. and Haarmann, Timothy K.},
abstractNote = {The present invention provides an apparatus for the detection of volatile and semi-volatile chemicals using the olfactory abilities of honey bees that are trained to respond to the presence of a specific chemical in a sample of gas with the proboscis extension reflex (PER). In particular, the geometry and arrangement of the parts of the apparatus are such that the amount of surface area in contact with the sample of gas prior to its introduction to the bees is minimized to improve the detection of particular volatile and semi-volatile that have a tendency to "stick" to contacting surfaces, especially certain chemicals associated with explosives and narcotics. According to another aspect of the present invention, a pre-concentrating means is incorporated with the device to effectively increase the concentration of "sticky" chemicals presented to the insects.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {11}
}

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