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Title: In-situ droplet monitoring for self-tuning spectrometers

Abstract

A laser scattering based imaging technique is utilized in order to visualize the aerosol droplets in an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) torch from an aerosol source to the site of analytical measurements. The resulting snapshots provide key information about the spatial distribution of the aerosol introduced by direct and indirect injection devices: 1) a direct injection high efficiency nebulizer (DIHEN); 2) a large-bore DIHEN (LB-DIHEN); and 3) a PFA microflow nebulizer with a PFA Scott-type spray chamber. Moreover, particle image velocimetry (PIV) is used to study the in-situ behavior of the aerosol before interaction with, for example, plasma, while the individual surviving droplets are explored by particle tracking velocimetry (PTV). Further, the velocity distribution of the surviving droplets demonstrates the importance of the initial droplet velocities in complete desolvation of the aerosol for optimum analytical performance in ICP spectrometries. These new observations are important in the design of the next-generation direct injection devices for lower sample consumption, higher sensitivity, lower noise levels, suppressed matrix effects, and for developing smart spectrometers. For example, a controller can be provided to control the output of the aerosol source by controlling the configuration of the source or the gas flow rate via feedback informationmore » concerning the aerosol.« less

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Potomac, MD
  2. Arlington, VA
  3. Kleinburg, CA
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1014555
Patent Number(s):
7804064
Application Number:
US Patent Application 11/240,642
Assignee:
The George Washington University (Washington, DC)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
G - PHYSICS G01 - MEASURING G01N - INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-93ER14320
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Montaser, Akbar, Jorabchi, Kaveh, and Kahen, Kaveh. In-situ droplet monitoring for self-tuning spectrometers. United States: N. p., 2010. Web.
Montaser, Akbar, Jorabchi, Kaveh, & Kahen, Kaveh. In-situ droplet monitoring for self-tuning spectrometers. United States.
Montaser, Akbar, Jorabchi, Kaveh, and Kahen, Kaveh. Tue . "In-situ droplet monitoring for self-tuning spectrometers". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1014555.
@article{osti_1014555,
title = {In-situ droplet monitoring for self-tuning spectrometers},
author = {Montaser, Akbar and Jorabchi, Kaveh and Kahen, Kaveh},
abstractNote = {A laser scattering based imaging technique is utilized in order to visualize the aerosol droplets in an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) torch from an aerosol source to the site of analytical measurements. The resulting snapshots provide key information about the spatial distribution of the aerosol introduced by direct and indirect injection devices: 1) a direct injection high efficiency nebulizer (DIHEN); 2) a large-bore DIHEN (LB-DIHEN); and 3) a PFA microflow nebulizer with a PFA Scott-type spray chamber. Moreover, particle image velocimetry (PIV) is used to study the in-situ behavior of the aerosol before interaction with, for example, plasma, while the individual surviving droplets are explored by particle tracking velocimetry (PTV). Further, the velocity distribution of the surviving droplets demonstrates the importance of the initial droplet velocities in complete desolvation of the aerosol for optimum analytical performance in ICP spectrometries. These new observations are important in the design of the next-generation direct injection devices for lower sample consumption, higher sensitivity, lower noise levels, suppressed matrix effects, and for developing smart spectrometers. For example, a controller can be provided to control the output of the aerosol source by controlling the configuration of the source or the gas flow rate via feedback information concerning the aerosol.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {9}
}

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