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Title: Material for electrodes of low temperature plasma generators

Abstract

Material for electrodes of low temperature plasma generators. The material contains a porous metal matrix impregnated with a material emitting electrons. The material uses a mixture of copper and iron powders as a porous metal matrix and a Group IIIB metal component such as Y.sub.2O.sub.3 is used as a material emitting electrons at, for example, the proportion of the components, mass %: iron:3-30; Y.sub.2O.sub.3:0.05-1; copper: the remainder. Copper provides a high level of heat conduction and electric conductance, iron decreases intensity of copper evaporation in the process of plasma creation providing increased strength and lifetime, Y.sub.2O.sub.3 provides decreasing of electronic work function and stability of arc burning. The material can be used for producing the electrodes of low temperature AC plasma generators used for destruction of liquid organic wastes, medical wastes, municipal wastes as well as for decontamination of low level radioactive waste, the destruction of chemical weapons, warfare toxic agents, etc.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Fremont, CA
  2. St. Peterburg, RU
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1014523
Patent Number(s):
7671523
Application Number:
US Patent Application 10/445,177
Assignee:
Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (Livermore, CA)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B22 - CASTING B22F - WORKING METALLIC POWDER
C - CHEMISTRY C22 - METALLURGY C22C - ALLOYS
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Caplan, Malcolm, Vinogradov, Sergel Evge'evich, Ribin, Valeri Vasil'evich, Shekalov, Valentin Ivanovich, Rutberg, Philip Grigor'evich, Safronov, Alexi Anatol'evich, and Shiryaev, Vasili Nikolaevich. Material for electrodes of low temperature plasma generators. United States: N. p., 2010. Web.
Caplan, Malcolm, Vinogradov, Sergel Evge'evich, Ribin, Valeri Vasil'evich, Shekalov, Valentin Ivanovich, Rutberg, Philip Grigor'evich, Safronov, Alexi Anatol'evich, & Shiryaev, Vasili Nikolaevich. Material for electrodes of low temperature plasma generators. United States.
Caplan, Malcolm, Vinogradov, Sergel Evge'evich, Ribin, Valeri Vasil'evich, Shekalov, Valentin Ivanovich, Rutberg, Philip Grigor'evich, Safronov, Alexi Anatol'evich, and Shiryaev, Vasili Nikolaevich. Tue . "Material for electrodes of low temperature plasma generators". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1014523.
@article{osti_1014523,
title = {Material for electrodes of low temperature plasma generators},
author = {Caplan, Malcolm and Vinogradov, Sergel Evge'evich and Ribin, Valeri Vasil'evich and Shekalov, Valentin Ivanovich and Rutberg, Philip Grigor'evich and Safronov, Alexi Anatol'evich and Shiryaev, Vasili Nikolaevich},
abstractNote = {Material for electrodes of low temperature plasma generators. The material contains a porous metal matrix impregnated with a material emitting electrons. The material uses a mixture of copper and iron powders as a porous metal matrix and a Group IIIB metal component such as Y.sub.2O.sub.3 is used as a material emitting electrons at, for example, the proportion of the components, mass %: iron:3-30; Y.sub.2O.sub.3:0.05-1; copper: the remainder. Copper provides a high level of heat conduction and electric conductance, iron decreases intensity of copper evaporation in the process of plasma creation providing increased strength and lifetime, Y.sub.2O.sub.3 provides decreasing of electronic work function and stability of arc burning. The material can be used for producing the electrodes of low temperature AC plasma generators used for destruction of liquid organic wastes, medical wastes, municipal wastes as well as for decontamination of low level radioactive waste, the destruction of chemical weapons, warfare toxic agents, etc.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {3}
}

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