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Title: Nanoengineered membranes for controlled transport

Abstract

A nanoengineered membrane for controlling material transport (e.g., molecular transport) is disclosed. The membrane includes a substrate, a cover definining a material transport channel between the substrate and the cover, and a plurality of fibers positioned in the channel and connected to an extending away from a surface of the substrate. The fibers are aligned perpendicular to the surface of the substrate, and have a width of 100 nanometers or less. The diffusion limits for material transport are controlled by the separation of the fibers. In one embodiment, chemical derivitization of carbon fibers may be undertaken to further affect the diffusion limits or affect selective permeability or facilitated transport. For example, a coating can be applied to at least a portion of the fibers. In another embodiment, individually addressable carbon nanofibers can be integrated with the membrane to provide an electrical driving force for material transport.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge, TN
  2. Knoxville, TN
  3. Greenback, TN
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1014032
Patent Number(s):
7641863
Application Number:
10/383,309
Assignee:
UT-Battelle LLC (Oak Ridge, TN)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01J - CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y10 - TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC Y10S - TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Doktycz, Mitchel J, Simpson, Michael L, McKnight, Timothy E, Melechko, Anatoli V, Lowndes, Douglas H, Guillorn, Michael A, and Merkulov, Vladimir I. Nanoengineered membranes for controlled transport. United States: N. p., 2010. Web.
Doktycz, Mitchel J, Simpson, Michael L, McKnight, Timothy E, Melechko, Anatoli V, Lowndes, Douglas H, Guillorn, Michael A, & Merkulov, Vladimir I. Nanoengineered membranes for controlled transport. United States.
Doktycz, Mitchel J, Simpson, Michael L, McKnight, Timothy E, Melechko, Anatoli V, Lowndes, Douglas H, Guillorn, Michael A, and Merkulov, Vladimir I. Tue . "Nanoengineered membranes for controlled transport". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1014032.
@article{osti_1014032,
title = {Nanoengineered membranes for controlled transport},
author = {Doktycz, Mitchel J and Simpson, Michael L and McKnight, Timothy E and Melechko, Anatoli V and Lowndes, Douglas H and Guillorn, Michael A and Merkulov, Vladimir I},
abstractNote = {A nanoengineered membrane for controlling material transport (e.g., molecular transport) is disclosed. The membrane includes a substrate, a cover definining a material transport channel between the substrate and the cover, and a plurality of fibers positioned in the channel and connected to an extending away from a surface of the substrate. The fibers are aligned perpendicular to the surface of the substrate, and have a width of 100 nanometers or less. The diffusion limits for material transport are controlled by the separation of the fibers. In one embodiment, chemical derivitization of carbon fibers may be undertaken to further affect the diffusion limits or affect selective permeability or facilitated transport. For example, a coating can be applied to at least a portion of the fibers. In another embodiment, individually addressable carbon nanofibers can be integrated with the membrane to provide an electrical driving force for material transport.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {1}
}

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