DOE Science Showcase - Rare Earths Research
The rare earths are a set of 17 elements in the periodic table comprised of scandium, yttrium, and the lanthanides. Refined rare earths are critical materials in a broad variety of applications, including permanent magnets, rechargeable batteries, smart phones, computers, televisions, advanced lighting, clean energy, advanced transportation, health care, advanced optics, environmental mitigation, national defense, precision weapons systems, lasers, and more.
Rare earths occur naturally as mixtures of ore but must be purified prior to use. Because mining and separation of the rare earth ore is challenging, DOE researchers are working to develop new recycling and recovery methods and to find substitutes for rare earths. More information, including DOE research reports, publications, and data collections about rare earth research projects, is available in the DOE databases and related resources provided below.
Related Research Information in DOE Databases
- DOE PAGES – journal articles and accepted manuscripts related to rare earths research.
- SciTech Connect – rare earths research from DOE science, technology, and engineering programs.
- ScienceCinema – scientific videos featuring rare earth research from DOE.
In the OSTI Collections – Rare Earth Elements, Dr. William Watson, OSTI
For additional information, see the OSTI Catalogue of Collections.
- Rare earth element, Wikipedia
- DOE Office of Science, Energy.gov
- DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Energy.gov
- U.S. Department of Energy Critical Materials Strategy, SciTech Connect
- Rare Earth Recycling, DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences
- What would we do without Rare Earths, SciTech Connect
- Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)
- Rare earths advance search for unified theory, LLNL
- National Ignition Facility (NIF)
- Ames Laboratory
- What are the Rare Earths?, Ames Laboratory
- Critical Materials Institute (CMI), Ames Laboratory
- What would we do without rare earths?, CMI
- Mastery of rare-earth elements vital to America’s security, Ames Laboratory
- National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL)
- Rare Earth Elements From Coal and Coal By-Products, NETL
- A Physicochemical Method for Separating Rare Earths: Addressing an Impending Shortfall, University of Pennsylvania, SciTech Connect
- Rare Earth Statistics and Information, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
- Estimated Rare Earth Reserves and Deposits, Energy.gov
- Rare Earth Technology Alliance