DOE Data Explorer title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Materials Data on LiFePO4 by Materials Project

Abstract

LiFePO4 is Chalcostibite-derived structured and crystallizes in the monoclinic P2_1/c space group. The structure is three-dimensional. there are two inequivalent Li1+ sites. In the first Li1+ site, Li1+ is bonded in a 4-coordinate geometry to five O2- atoms. There are a spread of Li–O bond distances ranging from 1.86–2.63 Å. In the second Li1+ site, Li1+ is bonded to five O2- atoms to form distorted LiO5 trigonal bipyramids that share corners with three PO4 tetrahedra, an edgeedge with one PO4 tetrahedra, and an edgeedge with one LiO5 trigonal bipyramid. There are a spread of Li–O bond distances ranging from 1.91–2.41 Å. There are two inequivalent Fe2+ sites. In the first Fe2+ site, Fe2+ is bonded in a 6-coordinate geometry to six O2- atoms. There are a spread of Fe–O bond distances ranging from 2.06–2.62 Å. In the second Fe2+ site, Fe2+ is bonded in a distorted rectangular see-saw-like geometry to four O2- atoms. There are a spread of Fe–O bond distances ranging from 2.04–2.17 Å. There are two inequivalent P5+ sites. In the first P5+ site, P5+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form PO4 tetrahedra that share a cornercorner with one LiO5 trigonal bipyramid. There are a spreadmore » of P–O bond distances ranging from 1.54–1.59 Å. In the second P5+ site, P5+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form PO4 tetrahedra that share corners with two equivalent LiO5 trigonal bipyramids and an edgeedge with one LiO5 trigonal bipyramid. There are a spread of P–O bond distances ranging from 1.54–1.58 Å. There are eight inequivalent O2- sites. In the first O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 3-coordinate geometry to one Li1+, one Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the second O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 4-coordinate geometry to one Li1+, two equivalent Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the third O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 4-coordinate geometry to two equivalent Li1+, one Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the fourth O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 3-coordinate geometry to two equivalent Li1+, one Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the fifth O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 3-coordinate geometry to one Li1+, one Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the sixth O2- site, O2- is bonded in a trigonal planar geometry to one Li1+, one Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the seventh O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 3-coordinate geometry to one Li1+, one Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the eighth O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 4-coordinate geometry to one Li1+, two Fe2+, and one P5+ atom.« less

Publication Date:
Other Number(s):
mp-1176703
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; EDCBEE
Product Type:
Dataset
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). LBNL Materials Project
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
Keywords:
crystal structure; LiFePO4; Fe-Li-O-P
OSTI Identifier:
1685937
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.17188/1685937

Citation Formats

The Materials Project. Materials Data on LiFePO4 by Materials Project. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.17188/1685937.
The Materials Project. Materials Data on LiFePO4 by Materials Project. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.17188/1685937
The Materials Project. 2020. "Materials Data on LiFePO4 by Materials Project". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.17188/1685937. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1685937. Pub date:Wed Apr 29 00:00:00 EDT 2020
@article{osti_1685937,
title = {Materials Data on LiFePO4 by Materials Project},
author = {The Materials Project},
abstractNote = {LiFePO4 is Chalcostibite-derived structured and crystallizes in the monoclinic P2_1/c space group. The structure is three-dimensional. there are two inequivalent Li1+ sites. In the first Li1+ site, Li1+ is bonded in a 4-coordinate geometry to five O2- atoms. There are a spread of Li–O bond distances ranging from 1.86–2.63 Å. In the second Li1+ site, Li1+ is bonded to five O2- atoms to form distorted LiO5 trigonal bipyramids that share corners with three PO4 tetrahedra, an edgeedge with one PO4 tetrahedra, and an edgeedge with one LiO5 trigonal bipyramid. There are a spread of Li–O bond distances ranging from 1.91–2.41 Å. There are two inequivalent Fe2+ sites. In the first Fe2+ site, Fe2+ is bonded in a 6-coordinate geometry to six O2- atoms. There are a spread of Fe–O bond distances ranging from 2.06–2.62 Å. In the second Fe2+ site, Fe2+ is bonded in a distorted rectangular see-saw-like geometry to four O2- atoms. There are a spread of Fe–O bond distances ranging from 2.04–2.17 Å. There are two inequivalent P5+ sites. In the first P5+ site, P5+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form PO4 tetrahedra that share a cornercorner with one LiO5 trigonal bipyramid. There are a spread of P–O bond distances ranging from 1.54–1.59 Å. In the second P5+ site, P5+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form PO4 tetrahedra that share corners with two equivalent LiO5 trigonal bipyramids and an edgeedge with one LiO5 trigonal bipyramid. There are a spread of P–O bond distances ranging from 1.54–1.58 Å. There are eight inequivalent O2- sites. In the first O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 3-coordinate geometry to one Li1+, one Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the second O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 4-coordinate geometry to one Li1+, two equivalent Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the third O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 4-coordinate geometry to two equivalent Li1+, one Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the fourth O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 3-coordinate geometry to two equivalent Li1+, one Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the fifth O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 3-coordinate geometry to one Li1+, one Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the sixth O2- site, O2- is bonded in a trigonal planar geometry to one Li1+, one Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the seventh O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 3-coordinate geometry to one Li1+, one Fe2+, and one P5+ atom. In the eighth O2- site, O2- is bonded in a 4-coordinate geometry to one Li1+, two Fe2+, and one P5+ atom.},
doi = {10.17188/1685937},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {4}
}

Works referenced in this record:

High-temperature storage and cycling of C-LiFePO4/graphite Li-ion cells
journal, July 2005


A New and Fast Synthesis of Nanosized LiFePO4 Electrode Materials
journal, May 2006