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Title: Hydraulic Conductivity Measurements Barrow 2014

Six individual ice cores were collected from Barrow Environmental Observatory in Barrow, Alaska, in May of 2013 as part of the Next Generation Ecosystem Experiment (NGEE). Each core was drilled from a different location at varying depths. A few days after drilling, the cores were stored in coolers packed with dry ice and flown to Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in Berkeley, CA. 3-dimensional images of the cores were constructed using a medical X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanner at 120kV. Hydraulic conductivity samples were extracted from these cores at LBNL Richmond Field Station in Richmond, CA, in February 2014 by cutting 5 to 8 inch segments using a chop saw. Samples were packed individually and stored at freezing temperatures to minimize any changes in structure or loss of ice content prior to analysis. Hydraulic conductivity was determined through falling head tests using a permeameter [ELE International, Model #: K-770B]. After approximately 12 hours of thaw, initial falling head tests were performed. Two to four measurements were collected on each sample and collection stopped when the applied head load exceeded 25% change from the original load. Analyses were performed between 2 to 3 times for each sample. The final hydraulic conductivitymore » calculations were computed using methodology of Das et al., 1985. « less
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Product Type:
Dataset
Research Org(s):
Next Generation Ecosystems Experiment - Arctic, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (US)
Collaborations:
PNL, BNL,ANL,ORNL
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
Subject:
54 Environmental Sciences; ngee; ngee-arctic; Hydraulic Conductivity; Hydrology; Falling Head Test
OSTI Identifier:
1170518
No associated Projects found.
No associated Collections found.
  1. Individual ice cores were collected from Barrow Environmental Observatory in Barrow, Alaska, throughout 2013 and 2014. Cores were drilled along different transects to sample polygonal features (i.e. the trough, center and rim of high, transitional and low center polygons). Most cores were drilled around 1more » meter in depth and a few deep cores were drilled around 3 meters in depth. Three-dimensional images of the frozen cores were constructed using a medical X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanner. TIFF files can be uploaded to ImageJ (an open-source imaging software) to examine soil structure and densities within each core. « less
  2. This data set consists of bulk soil characteristics as well as carbon and nutrient mineralization rates of active layer soils manually collected from the field in August, 2012, frozen, and then thawed and incubated across a range of temperatures in the laboratory for 28 daymore » periods in 2013-2015. The soils were collected from four replicate polygons in each of the four Areas (A, B, C, and D) of Intensive Site 1 at the Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments (NGEE) Arctic site near Barrow, Alaska. Soil samples were coincident with the established Vegetation Plots that are located in center, edge, and trough microtopography in each polygon. Data included are 1) bulk soil characteristics including carbon, nitrogen, gravimetric water content, bulk density, and pH in 5-cm depth increments and also by soil horizon, 2) carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus mineralization rates for soil horizons incubated aerobically (and in one case both aerobically and anaerobically) for 28 days at temperatures that included 2, 4, 8, and 12 degrees C. Additional soil and incubation data are forthcoming. They will be available when published as part of another paper that includes additional replicate analyses. « less
  3. Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) was used to obtain 14CO2 measurements from flasks collected at the South Pole and Point Barrow, Alaska, USA, at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography network station (Keeling et al., 1989) (see also http://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov/trends/co2/sio-bar.html). Air samples for years 1985-1991, originally collected inmore » 5-liter flasks, had been stored in Pyrex sealed-off tubes after stable isotope analysis (Roeloffzen et al., 1991). These samples were more or less evenly distributed over time.Typically, the extracted CO2 from 2-5 flasks from consecutive weekly measurements were put together in one flame-off tube. The tubes were broken in the standard inlet arrangement of a dual inlet stable isotope ratio mass spectrometer,and a stable isotope measurement was performed using the same instrument used in the original analyses (Roeloffzen et al., 1991).Then, the CO2 was cryogenically trapped and converted to graphite (Aerts-Bijma et al., 1997). For the majority of the samples the amount of CO2 was sufficient for our regular, 2 mm diameter AMS targets, containing about 1.5 mg of C. For most of these, two targets could be produced from one CO2 flask. In some cases, however, the amount of CO2 was only sufficient for a smaller target.Individual standard samples were graphitized along with the corresponding atmospheric CO2 samples, so that any day to day variability in the graphitization circumstances would be visible in the standard samples.The 14C is reported as Δ14C as per Stuiver and Polach 1977. More information about 14C standards can be found at: http://www.c14dating.com/agecalc.html.More information about sample preparation and analysis at the Groningen AMS can be found at: http://www.rug.nl/ees/onderzoek/programmas/radiocarbonams/sampleTreatmentAms The primary literature reference for the material presented here is Meijer et al. (2006).The statistical analysis included curve fitting described by Cleveland (1979). A seasonal pattern was then fit to the residuals, and the data are given in terms of these trends and departures from them. « less
  4. This data set provides the peat water content and peat temperature at time of sampling for peat cores collected before and during the SPRUCE Deep Peat Heating (DPH) study. Cores were collected during three sampling events: 03 June 2014, 09 September 2014, and 16 Junemore » 2015. Two cores were extracted from hollow locations in each of the 10 experimental plots (4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13, 16, 17, 19, and 20). Cores were partitioned into samples at 11 depth increments: 0-10, 10-20, 20-30, 30-40, 40-50, 50-75, 75-100, 100-125, 125-150, 150-175, and 175-200 cm below surface of the hollow. « less
  5. Hydraulic responses from periodic hydraulic tests conducted at the Mirror Lake Fractured Rock Research Site, during the summer of 2015. These hydraulic responses were measured also using distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) which is cataloged in a different submission under this grant number. The tests aremore » explained in detail in Matthew Cole's MS Thesis which is cataloged here. The injection and drawdown data and the codes used to analyze the data. Sinusoidal Data is a Matlab data file containing a data table for each period-length test. Within each table is a column labeled: time (seconds since beginning of pumping), Inj_m3pm (formation injection in cubic meters per minute), and head for each observation well (meters). The three Matlab script files (*.m) were used to analyze hydraulic responses from the data file above. High-Pass Sinusoid is a routine for filtering the data, computing the FFT, and extracting phase and amplitude values. Borestore is a routine which contains the borehole storage analytic solution and compares modeled amplitude and phase from this solution to computed amplitude and phase from the data. Patsearch Borestore is a routine containing the built-in pattern search optimization method. This minimizes the total error between modeled and actual amplitude and phase in Borestore. Comments within the script files contain more specific instructions for their use. « less