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Title: Chlorite Dissolution Rates

Spreadsheets provides measured chlorite rate data from 100 to 300C at elevated CO2. Spreadsheet includes derived rate equation.
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
AID 19980
Product Type:
Research Org(s):
DOE Geothermal Data Repository; Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Geothermal Technologies Office (EE-4G)
15 Geothermal Energy; geothermal; CO2; chlorite; kinetic rate law; kinetics
OSTI Identifier:
  1. The Geothermal Data Repository (GDR) is the submission point for all data collected from researchers funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Geothermal Technologies Office (DOE GTO). The DOE GTO is providing access to its geothermal project information through the GDR. The GDR is powered by OpenEI, an energy information portal sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).
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  1. We have calculated a chlorite dissolution rate equation at far from equilibrium conditions by combining new data (20 experiments at high temperature) with previously published data Smith et al. 2013 and Lowson et al. 2007. All rate data (from the 127 experiments) are tabulated inmore » this data submission. More information on the calculation of the rate data can be found in our FY13 Annual support (Carroll LLNL, 2013) which has been submitted to the GDR. The rate equation fills a data gap in geothemal kinetic data base and can be used directly to estimate the impact of chemical alteration on all geothermal processes. It is especially important for understanding the role of chemical alteration in the weakening for shear zones in EGS systems. « less
  2. Chemical reactions pose an important but poorly understood threat to EGS long-term success because of their impact on fracture permeability. This report summarizes the dissolution rate equations for layered silicates where data were lacking for geothermal systems. Here we report updated rate laws for chloritemore » (Carroll and Smith 2013), biotite (Carroll and Smith, 2015), illite (Carroll and Smith, 2014), and for muscovite. Also included is a spreadsheet with rate data and rate equations for use in reactive transport simulators. « less
  3. Spreadsheet containing chlorite, illite, and biotite rate data and rate equations that can be used in reactive transport simulations. Submission includes a report on the development of the rate laws.
  4. NREL has assembled a list of U.S. retail electricity tariffs and their associated demand charge rates for the Commercial and Industrial sectors. The data was obtained from the Utility Rate Database. Keep the following information in mind when interpreting the data: (1) These data weremore » interpreted and transcribed manually from utility tariff sheets, which are often complex. It is a certainty that these data contain errors, and therefore should only be used as a reference. Actual utility tariff sheets should be consulted if an action requires this type of data. (2) These data only contains tariffs that were entered into the Utility Rate Database. Since not all tariffs are designed in a format that can be entered into the Database, this list is incomplete - it does not contain all tariffs in the United States. (3) These data may have changed since this list was developed (4) Many of the underlying tariffs have additional restrictions or requirements that are not represented here. For example, they may only be available to the agricultural sector or closed to new customers. (5) If there are multiple demand charge elements in a given tariff, the maximum demand charge is the sum of each of the elements at any point in time. Where tiers were present, the highest rate tier was assumed. The value is a maximum for the year, and may be significantly different from demand charge rates at other times in the year. Utility Rate Database: « less
  5. These files are ambient noise correlation (ANC) functions calculated for 11 days of continuous seismic data recorded by the Lawrence Berkeley network in the Brady geothermal field. These are SAC formatted seismic waveforms. The stations included are BPB04, BPB05, BPB07, BPB08, BPRT1, BPRT2, BPRT3, BPRT5,more » BRB10, BRP01, BRP02, BRP03, BRP04, BPR06, and BRP09 The original data were cut into hour long traces and processed by differentiating, removing the mean, removing the trend, applying a 1% taper, whitening, removing the mean and trend again, and converting to single bit traces. The data were then correlated with those from other stations and stacked. The resulting files were then named according to the convention: STA1.STA2.CHAN1_CHAN2.NHOURS.stacked.sac The days included are from records during 2013 (julian days, 200,220-229). The ANC correlations were calculated on the raw data traces (without instrument corrections applied) to assess the quality of the signal as a function of frequency throughout the network. The data were recorded at 500 Hz. We observe high quality signals 30 Hz on all traces, and measurable signal up to 80 Hz on a subset of the traces. « less