# Scheme-Independent Predictions in QCD: Commensurate Scale Relations and Physical Renormalization Schemes

## Abstract

Commensurate scale relations are perturbative QCD predictions which relate observable to observable at fixed relative scale, such as the ''generalized Crewther relation'', which connects the Bjorken and Gross-Llewellyn Smith deep inelastic scattering sum rules to measurements of the e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} annihilation cross section. All non-conformal effects are absorbed by fixing the ratio of the respective momentum transfer and energy scales. In the case of fixed-point theories, commensurate scale relations relate both the ratio of couplings and the ratio of scales as the fixed point is approached. The relations between the observables are independent of the choice of intermediate renormalization scheme or other theoretical conventions. Commensurate scale relations also provide an extension of the standard minimal subtraction scheme, which is analytic in the quark masses, has non-ambiguous scale-setting properties, and inherits the physical properties of the effective charge {alpha}{sub V}(Q{sup 2}) defined from the heavy quark potential. The application of the analytic scheme to the calculation of quark-mass-dependent QCD corrections to the Z width is also reviewed.

- Authors:

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (US)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- USDOE Office of Energy Research (ER) (US)

- OSTI Identifier:
- 9977

- Report Number(s):
- SLAC-PUB-8022

TRN: US0103270

- DOE Contract Number:
- AC03-76SF00515

- Resource Type:
- Technical Report

- Resource Relation:
- Other Information: PBD: 4 Dec 1998

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ANNIHILATION; CROSS SECTIONS; DEEP INELASTIC SCATTERING; EFFECTIVE CHARGE; MOMENTUM TRANSFER; QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS; QUARKS; RENORMALIZATION; SUM RULES; ELECTRON-POSITRON COLLISIONS

### Citation Formats

```
Brodsky, Stanley J.
```*Scheme-Independent Predictions in QCD: Commensurate Scale Relations and Physical Renormalization Schemes*. United States: N. p., 1998.
Web. doi:10.2172/9977.

```
Brodsky, Stanley J.
```*Scheme-Independent Predictions in QCD: Commensurate Scale Relations and Physical Renormalization Schemes*. United States. doi:10.2172/9977.

```
Brodsky, Stanley J. Fri .
"Scheme-Independent Predictions in QCD: Commensurate Scale Relations and Physical Renormalization Schemes". United States. doi:10.2172/9977. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/9977.
```

```
@article{osti_9977,
```

title = {Scheme-Independent Predictions in QCD: Commensurate Scale Relations and Physical Renormalization Schemes},

author = {Brodsky, Stanley J.},

abstractNote = {Commensurate scale relations are perturbative QCD predictions which relate observable to observable at fixed relative scale, such as the ''generalized Crewther relation'', which connects the Bjorken and Gross-Llewellyn Smith deep inelastic scattering sum rules to measurements of the e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} annihilation cross section. All non-conformal effects are absorbed by fixing the ratio of the respective momentum transfer and energy scales. In the case of fixed-point theories, commensurate scale relations relate both the ratio of couplings and the ratio of scales as the fixed point is approached. The relations between the observables are independent of the choice of intermediate renormalization scheme or other theoretical conventions. Commensurate scale relations also provide an extension of the standard minimal subtraction scheme, which is analytic in the quark masses, has non-ambiguous scale-setting properties, and inherits the physical properties of the effective charge {alpha}{sub V}(Q{sup 2}) defined from the heavy quark potential. The application of the analytic scheme to the calculation of quark-mass-dependent QCD corrections to the Z width is also reviewed.},

doi = {10.2172/9977},

journal = {},

number = ,

volume = ,

place = {United States},

year = {1998},

month = {12}

}