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Title: Techno-Economic Analysis of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis to Transportation Fuels

Abstract

This study develops techno-economic models for assessment of the conversion of biomass to valuable fuel products via fast pyrolysis and bio-oil upgrading. The upgrading process produces a mixture of naphtha-range (gasoline blend stock) and diesel-range (diesel blend stock) products. This study analyzes the economics of two scenarios: onsite hydrogen production by reforming bio-oil, and hydrogen purchase from an outside source. The study results for an nth plant indicate that petroleum fractions in the naphtha distillation range and in the diesel distillation range are produced from corn stover at a product value of $3.09/gal ($0.82/liter) with onsite hydrogen production or $2.11/gal ($0.56/liter) with hydrogen purchase. These values correspond to a $0.83/gal ($0.21/liter) cost to produce the bio-oil. Based on these nth plant numbers, product value for a pioneer hydrogen-producing plant is about $6.55/gal ($1.73/liter) and for a pioneer hydrogen-purchasing plant is about $3.41/gal ($0.92/liter). Sensitivity analysis identifies fuel yield as a key variable for the hydrogen-production scenario. Biomass cost is important for both scenarios. Changing feedstock cost from $50-$100 per short ton changes the price of fuel in the hydrogen production scenario from $2.57-$3.62/gal ($0.68-$0.96/liter).

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
993332
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-6A20-46586
TRN: US201023%%455
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; AGRICULTURAL WASTES; BIOMASS; DISTILLATION; ECONOMICS; GASOLINE; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN PRODUCTION; MAIZE; MIXTURES; NAPHTHA; PETROLEUM FRACTIONS; PRICES; PYROLYSIS; SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS; BIOFUELS; TECHNO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; BIO-OIL; THERMOCHEMICAL; HYDROPROCESSING; Energy Analysis

Citation Formats

Wright, M. M., Satrio, J. A., Brown, R. C., Daugaard, D. E., and Hsu, D. D. Techno-Economic Analysis of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis to Transportation Fuels. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.2172/993332.
Wright, M. M., Satrio, J. A., Brown, R. C., Daugaard, D. E., & Hsu, D. D. Techno-Economic Analysis of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis to Transportation Fuels. United States. doi:10.2172/993332.
Wright, M. M., Satrio, J. A., Brown, R. C., Daugaard, D. E., and Hsu, D. D. Mon . "Techno-Economic Analysis of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis to Transportation Fuels". United States. doi:10.2172/993332. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/993332.
@article{osti_993332,
title = {Techno-Economic Analysis of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis to Transportation Fuels},
author = {Wright, M. M. and Satrio, J. A. and Brown, R. C. and Daugaard, D. E. and Hsu, D. D.},
abstractNote = {This study develops techno-economic models for assessment of the conversion of biomass to valuable fuel products via fast pyrolysis and bio-oil upgrading. The upgrading process produces a mixture of naphtha-range (gasoline blend stock) and diesel-range (diesel blend stock) products. This study analyzes the economics of two scenarios: onsite hydrogen production by reforming bio-oil, and hydrogen purchase from an outside source. The study results for an nth plant indicate that petroleum fractions in the naphtha distillation range and in the diesel distillation range are produced from corn stover at a product value of $3.09/gal ($0.82/liter) with onsite hydrogen production or $2.11/gal ($0.56/liter) with hydrogen purchase. These values correspond to a $0.83/gal ($0.21/liter) cost to produce the bio-oil. Based on these nth plant numbers, product value for a pioneer hydrogen-producing plant is about $6.55/gal ($1.73/liter) and for a pioneer hydrogen-purchasing plant is about $3.41/gal ($0.92/liter). Sensitivity analysis identifies fuel yield as a key variable for the hydrogen-production scenario. Biomass cost is important for both scenarios. Changing feedstock cost from $50-$100 per short ton changes the price of fuel in the hydrogen production scenario from $2.57-$3.62/gal ($0.68-$0.96/liter).},
doi = {10.2172/993332},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {11}
}

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