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Title: The science case for 37Ar as a monitor for underground nuclear explosions

Abstract

A new calculation of the production of 37Ar from nuclear explosion neutron interactions on 40Ca in a suite of common sub-surface materials (rock, etc) is presented. Even in mineral structures that are relatively low in Ca, the resulting 37Ar signature is large enough for detection in cases of venting or gaseous diffusion driven by barometric pumping. Field and laboratory detection strategies and projected sensitivities are presented.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
992009
Report Number(s):
PNNL-19458
TRN: US201022%%106
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS//MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE; DETECTION; GASEOUS DIFFUSION; MONITORS; NEUTRONS; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS; PRODUCTION; PUMPING; treaty monitoring; radioargon; Ar-37

Citation Formats

Haas, Derek A., Orrell, John L., Bowyer, Ted W., McIntyre, Justin I., Miley, Harry S., Aalseth, Craig E., and Hayes, James C.. The science case for 37Ar as a monitor for underground nuclear explosions. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.2172/992009.
Haas, Derek A., Orrell, John L., Bowyer, Ted W., McIntyre, Justin I., Miley, Harry S., Aalseth, Craig E., & Hayes, James C.. The science case for 37Ar as a monitor for underground nuclear explosions. United States. doi:10.2172/992009.
Haas, Derek A., Orrell, John L., Bowyer, Ted W., McIntyre, Justin I., Miley, Harry S., Aalseth, Craig E., and Hayes, James C.. Fri . "The science case for 37Ar as a monitor for underground nuclear explosions". United States. doi:10.2172/992009. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/992009.
@article{osti_992009,
title = {The science case for 37Ar as a monitor for underground nuclear explosions},
author = {Haas, Derek A. and Orrell, John L. and Bowyer, Ted W. and McIntyre, Justin I. and Miley, Harry S. and Aalseth, Craig E. and Hayes, James C.},
abstractNote = {A new calculation of the production of 37Ar from nuclear explosion neutron interactions on 40Ca in a suite of common sub-surface materials (rock, etc) is presented. Even in mineral structures that are relatively low in Ca, the resulting 37Ar signature is large enough for detection in cases of venting or gaseous diffusion driven by barometric pumping. Field and laboratory detection strategies and projected sensitivities are presented.},
doi = {10.2172/992009},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jun 04 00:00:00 EDT 2010},
month = {Fri Jun 04 00:00:00 EDT 2010}
}

Technical Report:

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