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Title: Radiocesium discharges and subsequent environmental transport at the major US weapons production facilities

Abstract

Radiocesium is one of the more prevalent radionuclides in the environment as a result of weapons production-related atomic projects in the USA and the former Soviet Union. Radiocesium discharges during the 1950s account for a large fraction of the historical releases from US weapons production facilities. Releases of radiocesium to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems during the early years of nuclear weapons production provided the opportunity to conduct multidisciplinary studies on the transport mechanisms of this potentially hazardous radionuclide. The major US Department of Energy facilities (Oak Ridge Reservation in Tennessee, Hanford Site near Richland, Washington, and Savannah River Site near Aiken, South Carolina, USA) are located in regions of the country that have different geographical characteristics. The facility siting provided diverse backgrounds for the development of an understanding of environmental factors contributing to the fate and transport of radiocesium. In this paper, we summarize the significant environmental releases of radiocesium in the early years of weapons production and then discuss the historically significant transport mechanisms for {sup 137}Cs at the three facilities that were part of the US nuclear weapons complex.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. ORNL
  2. Oregon State University
  3. Washington State University
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park
OSTI Identifier:
989641
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Science of the Total Environment, The
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 255; Journal Issue: 1-3; Journal ID: ISSN 0048-9697
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS//MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; ENERGY FACILITIES; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; NUCLEAR WEAPONS; PRODUCTION; RADIOISOTOPES; TRANSPORT; WEAPONS

Citation Formats

Garten Jr, Charles T, Hamby, D. M., and Schreckhise, R. G. Radiocesium discharges and subsequent environmental transport at the major US weapons production facilities. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(00)00449-6.
Garten Jr, Charles T, Hamby, D. M., & Schreckhise, R. G. Radiocesium discharges and subsequent environmental transport at the major US weapons production facilities. United States. doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(00)00449-6.
Garten Jr, Charles T, Hamby, D. M., and Schreckhise, R. G. Thu . "Radiocesium discharges and subsequent environmental transport at the major US weapons production facilities". United States. doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(00)00449-6.
@article{osti_989641,
title = {Radiocesium discharges and subsequent environmental transport at the major US weapons production facilities},
author = {Garten Jr, Charles T and Hamby, D. M. and Schreckhise, R. G.},
abstractNote = {Radiocesium is one of the more prevalent radionuclides in the environment as a result of weapons production-related atomic projects in the USA and the former Soviet Union. Radiocesium discharges during the 1950s account for a large fraction of the historical releases from US weapons production facilities. Releases of radiocesium to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems during the early years of nuclear weapons production provided the opportunity to conduct multidisciplinary studies on the transport mechanisms of this potentially hazardous radionuclide. The major US Department of Energy facilities (Oak Ridge Reservation in Tennessee, Hanford Site near Richland, Washington, and Savannah River Site near Aiken, South Carolina, USA) are located in regions of the country that have different geographical characteristics. The facility siting provided diverse backgrounds for the development of an understanding of environmental factors contributing to the fate and transport of radiocesium. In this paper, we summarize the significant environmental releases of radiocesium in the early years of weapons production and then discuss the historically significant transport mechanisms for {sup 137}Cs at the three facilities that were part of the US nuclear weapons complex.},
doi = {10.1016/S0048-9697(00)00449-6},
journal = {Science of the Total Environment, The},
issn = {0048-9697},
number = 1-3,
volume = 255,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}