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Title: High resolution fossil fuel combustion CO2 emission fluxes for the United States

Abstract

Quantification of fossil fuel CO{sub 2} emissions at fine space and time resolution is emerging as a critical need in carbon cycle and climate change research. As atmospheric CO{sub 2} measurements expand with the advent of a dedicated remote sensing platform and denser in situ measurements, the ability to close the carbon budget at spatial scales of {approx}100 km{sup 2} and daily time scales requires fossil fuel CO{sub 2} inventories at commensurate resolution. Additionally, the growing interest in U.S. climate change policy measures are best served by emissions that are tied to the driving processes in space and time. Here we introduce a high resolution data product (the 'Vulcan' inventory: www.purdue.edu/eas/carbon/vulcan/) that has quantified fossil fuel CO{sub 2} emissions for the contiguous U.S. at spatial scales less than 100 km{sup 2} and temporal scales as small as hours. This data product, completed for the year 2002, includes detail on combustion technology and 48 fuel types through all sectors of the U.S. economy. The Vulcan inventory is built from the decades of local/regional air pollution monitoring and complements these data with census, traffic, and digital road data sets. The Vulcan inventory shows excellent agreement with national-level Department of Energy inventories, despitemore » the different approach taken by the DOE to quantify U.S. fossil fuel CO{sub 2} emissions. Comparison to the global 1{sup o} x 1{sup o} fossil fuel CO{sub 2} inventory, used widely by the carbon cycle and climate change community prior to the construction of the Vulcan inventory, highlights the space/time biases inherent in the population-based approach.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Environmental Energy Technologies Division
OSTI Identifier:
985235
Report Number(s):
LBNL-3642E
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-936X; ISSN 1520-5851; TRN: US201016%%1843
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-936X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AIR POLLUTION MONITORING; CARBON DIOXIDE; CARBON CYCLE; CLIMATIC CHANGE; COMBUSTION; FOSSIL FUELS; INVENTORIES; REMOTE SENSING; RESOLUTION; TIME RESOLUTION

Citation Formats

Gurney, Kevin R, Mendoza, Daniel L, Zhou, Yuyu, Fischer, Marc L, Miller, Chris C, Geethakumar, Sarath, and de la Rue du Can, Stephane. High resolution fossil fuel combustion CO2 emission fluxes for the United States. United States: N. p., 2009. Web. doi:10.1021/es900806c.
Gurney, Kevin R, Mendoza, Daniel L, Zhou, Yuyu, Fischer, Marc L, Miller, Chris C, Geethakumar, Sarath, & de la Rue du Can, Stephane. High resolution fossil fuel combustion CO2 emission fluxes for the United States. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/es900806c
Gurney, Kevin R, Mendoza, Daniel L, Zhou, Yuyu, Fischer, Marc L, Miller, Chris C, Geethakumar, Sarath, and de la Rue du Can, Stephane. Thu . "High resolution fossil fuel combustion CO2 emission fluxes for the United States". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/es900806c. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/985235.
@article{osti_985235,
title = {High resolution fossil fuel combustion CO2 emission fluxes for the United States},
author = {Gurney, Kevin R and Mendoza, Daniel L and Zhou, Yuyu and Fischer, Marc L and Miller, Chris C and Geethakumar, Sarath and de la Rue du Can, Stephane},
abstractNote = {Quantification of fossil fuel CO{sub 2} emissions at fine space and time resolution is emerging as a critical need in carbon cycle and climate change research. As atmospheric CO{sub 2} measurements expand with the advent of a dedicated remote sensing platform and denser in situ measurements, the ability to close the carbon budget at spatial scales of {approx}100 km{sup 2} and daily time scales requires fossil fuel CO{sub 2} inventories at commensurate resolution. Additionally, the growing interest in U.S. climate change policy measures are best served by emissions that are tied to the driving processes in space and time. Here we introduce a high resolution data product (the 'Vulcan' inventory: www.purdue.edu/eas/carbon/vulcan/) that has quantified fossil fuel CO{sub 2} emissions for the contiguous U.S. at spatial scales less than 100 km{sup 2} and temporal scales as small as hours. This data product, completed for the year 2002, includes detail on combustion technology and 48 fuel types through all sectors of the U.S. economy. The Vulcan inventory is built from the decades of local/regional air pollution monitoring and complements these data with census, traffic, and digital road data sets. The Vulcan inventory shows excellent agreement with national-level Department of Energy inventories, despite the different approach taken by the DOE to quantify U.S. fossil fuel CO{sub 2} emissions. Comparison to the global 1{sup o} x 1{sup o} fossil fuel CO{sub 2} inventory, used widely by the carbon cycle and climate change community prior to the construction of the Vulcan inventory, highlights the space/time biases inherent in the population-based approach.},
doi = {10.1021/es900806c},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/985235}, journal = {Environmental Science and Technology},
issn = {0013-936X},
number = 14,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {3}
}