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Title: Antiproton Yield Diagnostics for the Tevatron I Debuncher

Abstract

During start-up of the CERN AA, many hours of machine experiments went into the study and optimization of antiproton yields. Those involved in the commissioning programme experienced the difficulty of tuning a new machine to accept a low-intensity full-aperture beam. The antiproton yield could only be obtained by integrating a slow Schottky scan of the beam on the injection orbit, normalized with respect to primary beam intensity by a charge transformer just in front of the production target. A precise yield measurement took about five minutes. At high yields this method permitted measurements to within a few percent. The slowness of the multi-parameter yield optimization, starting from low yields where the measurement errors were often as large as the gains to be made, cannot be over emphasized. In the Tevatron I Debuncher the antiproton yields should be substantially higher than at the AA and, given a Schottky pick-up of sufficient sensitivity, the situation looks more promising. At the AA we have resolved some of our difficulties by improving the charge transformer signal, speeding up the Schottky scan and adding instrumentation to use the signals from pions, muons and electrons injected along with the antiprotons. Low yields, e.g. at reduced aperture,more » are now measured using beam scrapers in conjunction with counters calibrated against the Schottky pick-up at high intensities. The latter is itself calibrated by the circulating beam current transformer at even higher intenSities, usually with protons in reverse polarity mode. Based on the AA experience we outline the techniques that could be used for the following measurements and procedures at the Debuncher: (1) antiproton yield (number of antiprotons circulating in the Debuncher per incident proton) versus the machine apertures 6X, 6y, and 6p, (2) yield versus phase space coordinates downstream from the production target, (3) use of other secondary particle fluxes, (4) optimization of full-aperture yield at the start of and during antiproton accumulation.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
983364
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PBAR-NOTE-406
TRN: US201014%%633
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; ANTIPROTONS; APERTURES; BEAM CURRENTS; CERN; COMMISSIONING; ELECTRONS; FERMILAB TEVATRON; MUONS; OPTIMIZATION; PHASE SPACE; PIONS; PRODUCTION; PROTONS; SCRAPERS; SENSITIVITY; START-UP; TRANSFORMERS; TUNING; Accelerators

Citation Formats

Johnson, C. D., /CERN, Hojvat, C., and /Fermilab. Antiproton Yield Diagnostics for the Tevatron I Debuncher. United States: N. p., 1984. Web. doi:10.2172/983364.
Johnson, C. D., /CERN, Hojvat, C., & /Fermilab. Antiproton Yield Diagnostics for the Tevatron I Debuncher. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/983364
Johnson, C. D., /CERN, Hojvat, C., and /Fermilab. 1984. "Antiproton Yield Diagnostics for the Tevatron I Debuncher". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/983364. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/983364.
@article{osti_983364,
title = {Antiproton Yield Diagnostics for the Tevatron I Debuncher},
author = {Johnson, C. D. and /CERN and Hojvat, C. and /Fermilab},
abstractNote = {During start-up of the CERN AA, many hours of machine experiments went into the study and optimization of antiproton yields. Those involved in the commissioning programme experienced the difficulty of tuning a new machine to accept a low-intensity full-aperture beam. The antiproton yield could only be obtained by integrating a slow Schottky scan of the beam on the injection orbit, normalized with respect to primary beam intensity by a charge transformer just in front of the production target. A precise yield measurement took about five minutes. At high yields this method permitted measurements to within a few percent. The slowness of the multi-parameter yield optimization, starting from low yields where the measurement errors were often as large as the gains to be made, cannot be over emphasized. In the Tevatron I Debuncher the antiproton yields should be substantially higher than at the AA and, given a Schottky pick-up of sufficient sensitivity, the situation looks more promising. At the AA we have resolved some of our difficulties by improving the charge transformer signal, speeding up the Schottky scan and adding instrumentation to use the signals from pions, muons and electrons injected along with the antiprotons. Low yields, e.g. at reduced aperture, are now measured using beam scrapers in conjunction with counters calibrated against the Schottky pick-up at high intensities. The latter is itself calibrated by the circulating beam current transformer at even higher intenSities, usually with protons in reverse polarity mode. Based on the AA experience we outline the techniques that could be used for the following measurements and procedures at the Debuncher: (1) antiproton yield (number of antiprotons circulating in the Debuncher per incident proton) versus the machine apertures 6X, 6y, and 6p, (2) yield versus phase space coordinates downstream from the production target, (3) use of other secondary particle fluxes, (4) optimization of full-aperture yield at the start of and during antiproton accumulation.},
doi = {10.2172/983364},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/983364}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1984},
month = {10}
}