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Title: Advanced Hydraulic Fracturing Technology for Unconventional Tight Gas Reservoirs

Abstract

The objectives of this project are to develop and test new techniques for creating extensive, conductive hydraulic fractures in unconventional tight gas reservoirs by statistically assessing the productivity achieved in hundreds of field treatments with a variety of current fracturing practices ranging from 'water fracs' to conventional gel fracture treatments; by laboratory measurements of the conductivity created with high rate proppant fracturing using an entirely new conductivity test - the 'dynamic fracture conductivity test'; and by developing design models to implement the optimal fracture treatments determined from the field assessment and the laboratory measurements. One of the tasks of this project is to create an 'advisor' or expert system for completion, production and stimulation of tight gas reservoirs. A central part of this study is an extensive survey of the productivity of hundreds of tight gas wells that have been hydraulically fractured. We have been doing an extensive literature search of the SPE eLibrary, DOE, Gas Technology Institute (GTI), Bureau of Economic Geology and IHS Energy, for publicly available technical reports about procedures of drilling, completion and production of the tight gas wells. We have downloaded numerous papers and read and summarized the information to build a database that willmore » contain field treatment data, organized by geographic location, and hydraulic fracture treatment design data, organized by the treatment type. We have conducted experimental study on 'dynamic fracture conductivity' created when proppant slurries are pumped into hydraulic fractures in tight gas sands. Unlike conventional fracture conductivity tests in which proppant is loaded into the fracture artificially; we pump proppant/frac fluid slurries into a fracture cell, dynamically placing the proppant just as it occurs in the field. From such tests, we expect to gain new insights into some of the critical issues in tight gas fracturing, in particular the roles of gel damage, polymer loading (water-frac versus gel frac), and proppant concentration on the created fracture conductivity. To achieve this objective, we have designed the experimental apparatus to conduct the dynamic fracture conductivity tests. The experimental apparatus has been built and some preliminary tests have been conducted to test the apparatus.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Texas Engineering Experiment Station
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
982997
DOE Contract Number:  
FC26-06NT42817
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
03 NATURAL GAS; DESIGN; DRILLING; ECONOMICS; EXPERT SYSTEMS; FRACTURES; FRACTURING; GEOLOGY; HYDRAULIC FRACTURES; HYDRAULIC FRACTURING; NATURAL GAS WELLS; POLYMERS; PRODUCTION; PRODUCTIVITY; SLURRIES; SOLAR PROTONS; STIMULATION; WATER

Citation Formats

Stephen Holditch, A. Daniel Hill, and D. Zhu. Advanced Hydraulic Fracturing Technology for Unconventional Tight Gas Reservoirs. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.2172/982997.
Stephen Holditch, A. Daniel Hill, & D. Zhu. Advanced Hydraulic Fracturing Technology for Unconventional Tight Gas Reservoirs. United States. doi:10.2172/982997.
Stephen Holditch, A. Daniel Hill, and D. Zhu. Tue . "Advanced Hydraulic Fracturing Technology for Unconventional Tight Gas Reservoirs". United States. doi:10.2172/982997. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/982997.
@article{osti_982997,
title = {Advanced Hydraulic Fracturing Technology for Unconventional Tight Gas Reservoirs},
author = {Stephen Holditch and A. Daniel Hill and D. Zhu},
abstractNote = {The objectives of this project are to develop and test new techniques for creating extensive, conductive hydraulic fractures in unconventional tight gas reservoirs by statistically assessing the productivity achieved in hundreds of field treatments with a variety of current fracturing practices ranging from 'water fracs' to conventional gel fracture treatments; by laboratory measurements of the conductivity created with high rate proppant fracturing using an entirely new conductivity test - the 'dynamic fracture conductivity test'; and by developing design models to implement the optimal fracture treatments determined from the field assessment and the laboratory measurements. One of the tasks of this project is to create an 'advisor' or expert system for completion, production and stimulation of tight gas reservoirs. A central part of this study is an extensive survey of the productivity of hundreds of tight gas wells that have been hydraulically fractured. We have been doing an extensive literature search of the SPE eLibrary, DOE, Gas Technology Institute (GTI), Bureau of Economic Geology and IHS Energy, for publicly available technical reports about procedures of drilling, completion and production of the tight gas wells. We have downloaded numerous papers and read and summarized the information to build a database that will contain field treatment data, organized by geographic location, and hydraulic fracture treatment design data, organized by the treatment type. We have conducted experimental study on 'dynamic fracture conductivity' created when proppant slurries are pumped into hydraulic fractures in tight gas sands. Unlike conventional fracture conductivity tests in which proppant is loaded into the fracture artificially; we pump proppant/frac fluid slurries into a fracture cell, dynamically placing the proppant just as it occurs in the field. From such tests, we expect to gain new insights into some of the critical issues in tight gas fracturing, in particular the roles of gel damage, polymer loading (water-frac versus gel frac), and proppant concentration on the created fracture conductivity. To achieve this objective, we have designed the experimental apparatus to conduct the dynamic fracture conductivity tests. The experimental apparatus has been built and some preliminary tests have been conducted to test the apparatus.},
doi = {10.2172/982997},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2007},
month = {6}
}