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Title: Performance Assessment of Suture Type, Water Temperature, and Surgeon Skill in Juvenile Chinook Salmon Surgically Implanted with Acoustic Transmitters

Abstract

This study assessed performance of seven suture types in subyearling Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha implanted with acoustic microtransmitters. Nonabsorbable (Ethilon) and absorbable (Monocryl) monofilament and nonabsorbable (Nurolon, silk) and absorbable (Vicryl, Vicryl Plus, Vicryl Rapide) braided sutures were used to close incisions in Chinook salmon. Monocryl exhibited greater suture retention than all other suture types 7 d after surgery. Both monofilament suture types were retained better than all braided suture types at 14 d. Incision openness and tag retention did not differ among suture types. Wound inflammation was similar for Ethilon, Monocryl, and Nurolon at 7 d. Wound ulceration was lower for Ethilon, Monocryl, and Nurolon than for all other suture types at 14 d post-surgery. Fish held in 12°C water had more desirable post-surgery healing characteristics (i.e., higher suture and tag retention and lower incision openness, wound inflammation, and ulceration) at 7 and 14 d after surgery than those held in 17°C water. The effect of surgeon was a significant predictor for all response variables at 7 d. This result emphasizes the importance of including surgeon as a variable in telemetry study analyses when multiple surgeons are used. Monocryl performed better with regard to post-surgery healing characteristics in themore » study fish. The overall results support the conclusion that Monocryl is the best suture material to close incisions created during surgical implantation of acoustic microtransmitters in subyearling Chinook salmon.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
982546
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-65378
Journal ID: ISSN 0002-8487; ISSN 1548-8659; 400403209; TRN: US201014%%339
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 139(3):888-899
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 139; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-8487
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ACOUSTIC MONITORING; HEALING; INFLAMMATION; JUVENILES; PERFORMANCE; SALMON; SURGERY; TELEMETRY; WOUNDS; SURGICAL MATERIALS

Citation Formats

Deters, Katherine A., Brown, Richard S., Carter, Kathleen M., Boyd, James W., Eppard, M. B., and Seaburg, Adam. Performance Assessment of Suture Type, Water Temperature, and Surgeon Skill in Juvenile Chinook Salmon Surgically Implanted with Acoustic Transmitters. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1577/T09-043.1.
Deters, Katherine A., Brown, Richard S., Carter, Kathleen M., Boyd, James W., Eppard, M. B., & Seaburg, Adam. Performance Assessment of Suture Type, Water Temperature, and Surgeon Skill in Juvenile Chinook Salmon Surgically Implanted with Acoustic Transmitters. United States. doi:10.1577/T09-043.1.
Deters, Katherine A., Brown, Richard S., Carter, Kathleen M., Boyd, James W., Eppard, M. B., and Seaburg, Adam. Sat . "Performance Assessment of Suture Type, Water Temperature, and Surgeon Skill in Juvenile Chinook Salmon Surgically Implanted with Acoustic Transmitters". United States. doi:10.1577/T09-043.1.
@article{osti_982546,
title = {Performance Assessment of Suture Type, Water Temperature, and Surgeon Skill in Juvenile Chinook Salmon Surgically Implanted with Acoustic Transmitters},
author = {Deters, Katherine A. and Brown, Richard S. and Carter, Kathleen M. and Boyd, James W. and Eppard, M. B. and Seaburg, Adam},
abstractNote = {This study assessed performance of seven suture types in subyearling Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha implanted with acoustic microtransmitters. Nonabsorbable (Ethilon) and absorbable (Monocryl) monofilament and nonabsorbable (Nurolon, silk) and absorbable (Vicryl, Vicryl Plus, Vicryl Rapide) braided sutures were used to close incisions in Chinook salmon. Monocryl exhibited greater suture retention than all other suture types 7 d after surgery. Both monofilament suture types were retained better than all braided suture types at 14 d. Incision openness and tag retention did not differ among suture types. Wound inflammation was similar for Ethilon, Monocryl, and Nurolon at 7 d. Wound ulceration was lower for Ethilon, Monocryl, and Nurolon than for all other suture types at 14 d post-surgery. Fish held in 12°C water had more desirable post-surgery healing characteristics (i.e., higher suture and tag retention and lower incision openness, wound inflammation, and ulceration) at 7 and 14 d after surgery than those held in 17°C water. The effect of surgeon was a significant predictor for all response variables at 7 d. This result emphasizes the importance of including surgeon as a variable in telemetry study analyses when multiple surgeons are used. Monocryl performed better with regard to post-surgery healing characteristics in the study fish. The overall results support the conclusion that Monocryl is the best suture material to close incisions created during surgical implantation of acoustic microtransmitters in subyearling Chinook salmon.},
doi = {10.1577/T09-043.1},
journal = {Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 139(3):888-899},
issn = {0002-8487},
number = 3,
volume = 139,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {5}
}