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Title: Effects of Fuel Physical Properties on Diesel Engine Combustion Using Diesel and Bio-Diesel Fuels

Abstract

A computational study is performed to investigate the effects of physical property on diesel engine combustion characteristics using bio-diesel fuels. Properties of typical bio-diesel fuels that were either calculated or measured are used in the study and the simulation results are compared with those of conventional diesel fuels. Sensitivity of the computational results to individual physical properties is also investigated, and the results can provide information for desirable characteristics of the blended fuels. The properties considered in this study include liquid density, vapor pressure, surface tension, liquid viscosity, liquid thermal conductivity, liquid specific heat, latent heat, vapor specific heat, vapor diffusion coefficient, vapor viscosity and vapor thermal conductivity. The results show significant effects of the fuel physical properties on ignition delay and burning rates at various engine operating conditions. It is seen that there is no single physical property that dominates differences of ignition delay between diesel and bio-diesel fuels. However, among the 11 properties considered in the study, the simulation results were found to be most sensitive to the liquid fuel density, vapor pressure and surface tension through their effects on the mixture preparation processes.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. ORNL
  2. University of Wisconsin
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Fuels, Engines and Emissions Research Center (FEERC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
978779
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of the Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; COMBUSTION; DIESEL ENGINES; DIESEL FUELS; DIFFUSION; ENGINES; IGNITION; LIQUID FUELS; MIXTURES; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; SENSITIVITY; SIMULATION; SPECIFIC HEAT; SURFACE TENSION; THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY; VAPOR PRESSURE; VISCOSITY; Bio-Diesel Fuel Engine Combustion

Citation Formats

Ra, Youngchul, Reitz, Rolf, McFarlane, Joanna, and Daw, C Stuart. Effects of Fuel Physical Properties on Diesel Engine Combustion Using Diesel and Bio-Diesel Fuels. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Ra, Youngchul, Reitz, Rolf, McFarlane, Joanna, & Daw, C Stuart. Effects of Fuel Physical Properties on Diesel Engine Combustion Using Diesel and Bio-Diesel Fuels. United States.
Ra, Youngchul, Reitz, Rolf, McFarlane, Joanna, and Daw, C Stuart. Mon . "Effects of Fuel Physical Properties on Diesel Engine Combustion Using Diesel and Bio-Diesel Fuels". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_978779,
title = {Effects of Fuel Physical Properties on Diesel Engine Combustion Using Diesel and Bio-Diesel Fuels},
author = {Ra, Youngchul and Reitz, Rolf and McFarlane, Joanna and Daw, C Stuart},
abstractNote = {A computational study is performed to investigate the effects of physical property on diesel engine combustion characteristics using bio-diesel fuels. Properties of typical bio-diesel fuels that were either calculated or measured are used in the study and the simulation results are compared with those of conventional diesel fuels. Sensitivity of the computational results to individual physical properties is also investigated, and the results can provide information for desirable characteristics of the blended fuels. The properties considered in this study include liquid density, vapor pressure, surface tension, liquid viscosity, liquid thermal conductivity, liquid specific heat, latent heat, vapor specific heat, vapor diffusion coefficient, vapor viscosity and vapor thermal conductivity. The results show significant effects of the fuel physical properties on ignition delay and burning rates at various engine operating conditions. It is seen that there is no single physical property that dominates differences of ignition delay between diesel and bio-diesel fuels. However, among the 11 properties considered in the study, the simulation results were found to be most sensitive to the liquid fuel density, vapor pressure and surface tension through their effects on the mixture preparation processes.},
doi = {},
journal = {Journal of the Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}