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Title: High resolution analysis of soil elements with laser-induced breakdown

Abstract

The invention is a system and method of detecting a concentration of an element in a soil sample wherein an opening or slot is formed in a container that supports a soil sample that was extracted from the ground whereupon at least a length of the soil sample is exposed via the opening. At each of a plurality of points along the exposed length thereof, the soil sample is ablated whereupon a plasma is formed that emits light characteristic of the elemental composition of the ablated soil sample. Each instance of emitted light is separated according to its wavelength and for at least one of the wavelengths a corresponding data value related to the intensity of the light is determined. As a function of each data value a concentration of an element at the corresponding point along the length of the soil core sample is determined.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Santa Fe, NM
  2. Los Alamos, NM
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
978682
Patent Number(s):
7,692,789
Application Number:
11/734,948
Assignee:
The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy (Washington, DC)
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Ebinger, Michael H, and Harris, Ronny D. High resolution analysis of soil elements with laser-induced breakdown. United States: N. p., 2010. Web.
Ebinger, Michael H, & Harris, Ronny D. High resolution analysis of soil elements with laser-induced breakdown. United States.
Ebinger, Michael H, and Harris, Ronny D. Tue . "High resolution analysis of soil elements with laser-induced breakdown". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/978682.
@article{osti_978682,
title = {High resolution analysis of soil elements with laser-induced breakdown},
author = {Ebinger, Michael H and Harris, Ronny D},
abstractNote = {The invention is a system and method of detecting a concentration of an element in a soil sample wherein an opening or slot is formed in a container that supports a soil sample that was extracted from the ground whereupon at least a length of the soil sample is exposed via the opening. At each of a plurality of points along the exposed length thereof, the soil sample is ablated whereupon a plasma is formed that emits light characteristic of the elemental composition of the ablated soil sample. Each instance of emitted light is separated according to its wavelength and for at least one of the wavelengths a corresponding data value related to the intensity of the light is determined. As a function of each data value a concentration of an element at the corresponding point along the length of the soil core sample is determined.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {4}
}

Patent:

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Works referenced in this record:

Determination of Nitrogen in Sand Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
journal, July 2004

  • Harris, Ronny D.; Cremers, David A.; Ebinger, Michael H.
  • Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 58, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1366/0003702041389201

Measuring Total Soil Carbon with Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)
journal, November 2001

  • Cremers, David A.; Ebinger, Michael H.; Breshears, David D.
  • Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 30, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.2134/jeq2001.2202

Extending the Applicability of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Total Soil Carbon Measurement
journal, September 2003

  • Ebinger, Michael H.; Norfleet, M. Lee; Breshears, David D.
  • Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 67, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2003.1616

Transportable laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) instrument for field-based soil analysis
conference, November 1996

  • Cremers, David A.; Ferris, Monty J.; Davies, Mathew
  • SPIE's 1996 International Symposium on Optical Science, Engineering, and Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.259772