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Title: Mapcurves: A Quantitative Method for Comparing Categorical Maps

Abstract

We present Mapcurves, a quantitative goodness-of-fit (GOF) method that unambiguously shows the degree of spatial concordance between two or more categorical maps. Mapcurves graphically and quantitatively evaluate the degree of fit among any number of maps and quantify a GOF for each polygon, as well as the entire map. The Mapcurve method indicates a perfect fit even if all polygons in one map are comprised of unique sets of the polygons in another map, if the coincidence among map categories is absolute. It is not necessary to interpret (or even know) legend descriptors for the categories in the maps to be compared, since the degree of fit in the spatial overlay alone forms the basis for the comparison. This feature makes Mapcurves ideal for comparing maps derived from remotely sensed images. A translation table is provided for the categories in each map as an output. Since the comparison is category-based rather than cell-based, the GOF is resolution-independent. Mapcurves can be applied either to entire map categories or to individual raster patches or vector polygons. Mapcurves also have applications for quantifying the spatial uncertainty of particular map features.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. ORNL
  2. U.S.D.A. Forest Service
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Work for Others (WFO)
OSTI Identifier:
978179
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Geographical Systems; Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICAL METHODS AND COMPUTING; M CODES; MAPS; DATA ANALYSIS; IMAGES; REMOTE SENSING

Citation Formats

Hargrove, William Walter, Hoffman, Forrest M, and Hessburg, Paul. Mapcurves: A Quantitative Method for Comparing Categorical Maps. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1007/s10109-006-0025-x.
Hargrove, William Walter, Hoffman, Forrest M, & Hessburg, Paul. Mapcurves: A Quantitative Method for Comparing Categorical Maps. United States. doi:10.1007/s10109-006-0025-x.
Hargrove, William Walter, Hoffman, Forrest M, and Hessburg, Paul. Sun . "Mapcurves: A Quantitative Method for Comparing Categorical Maps". United States. doi:10.1007/s10109-006-0025-x.
@article{osti_978179,
title = {Mapcurves: A Quantitative Method for Comparing Categorical Maps},
author = {Hargrove, William Walter and Hoffman, Forrest M and Hessburg, Paul},
abstractNote = {We present Mapcurves, a quantitative goodness-of-fit (GOF) method that unambiguously shows the degree of spatial concordance between two or more categorical maps. Mapcurves graphically and quantitatively evaluate the degree of fit among any number of maps and quantify a GOF for each polygon, as well as the entire map. The Mapcurve method indicates a perfect fit even if all polygons in one map are comprised of unique sets of the polygons in another map, if the coincidence among map categories is absolute. It is not necessary to interpret (or even know) legend descriptors for the categories in the maps to be compared, since the degree of fit in the spatial overlay alone forms the basis for the comparison. This feature makes Mapcurves ideal for comparing maps derived from remotely sensed images. A translation table is provided for the categories in each map as an output. Since the comparison is category-based rather than cell-based, the GOF is resolution-independent. Mapcurves can be applied either to entire map categories or to individual raster patches or vector polygons. Mapcurves also have applications for quantifying the spatial uncertainty of particular map features.},
doi = {10.1007/s10109-006-0025-x},
journal = {Journal of Geographical Systems},
number = 2,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}