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Title: Complete equation of state for [beta]-HMX and implications for initiation

Abstract

A thermodynamically consistent equation of state for {beta}-HMX, the stable ambient polymorph of HMX, is developed that fits isothermal compression data and the temperature dependence of the specific heat computed from molecular dynamics. The equation of state is used to assess hot-spot conditions that would result from hydrodynamic pore collapse in a shock-to-detonation transition. The hot-spot temperature is determined as a function of shock strength by solving two Riemann problems in sequence: first for the velocity and density of the jet formed when the shock overtakes the pore, and second for the stagnation state when the jet impacts the far side of the pore. For a shock pressure below 5 GPa, the stagnation temperature from the jet is below the melt temperature at ambient pressure and hence insufficient for rapid reaction. Consequently for weak shocks a dissipation mechanism in addition to shock heating is needed to generate hot spots. When the stagnation temperature is sufficiently high for rapid reaction, the shock emanating from the hot spot is computed, assuming aconstant volume burn. For initial shocks below 20 GPa, the temperature behind the second shock is below 1000K and would not propagate a detonation wave. This analysis, based solely on themore » equation of state of the explosive, can serve as a check on mesoscale simulations of initiation in a plastic-bonded explosive.« less

Authors:
 [1];
  1. Thomas D.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
976650
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-03-3114
TRN: US201017%%794
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Submitted to: APS Topical Conference, Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, Portland, OR, July 20-25, 2003
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; COMPRESSION; DETONATION WAVES; HOT SPOTS; HYDRODYNAMICS; SHOCK HEATING; SPECIFIC HEAT; STAGNATION; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; VELOCITY; JETS

Citation Formats

Sewell, T D, and Menikoff, Ralph. Complete equation of state for [beta]-HMX and implications for initiation. United States: N. p., 2003. Web.
Sewell, T D, & Menikoff, Ralph. Complete equation of state for [beta]-HMX and implications for initiation. United States.
Sewell, T D, and Menikoff, Ralph. Wed . "Complete equation of state for [beta]-HMX and implications for initiation". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/976650.
@article{osti_976650,
title = {Complete equation of state for [beta]-HMX and implications for initiation},
author = {Sewell, T D and Menikoff, Ralph},
abstractNote = {A thermodynamically consistent equation of state for {beta}-HMX, the stable ambient polymorph of HMX, is developed that fits isothermal compression data and the temperature dependence of the specific heat computed from molecular dynamics. The equation of state is used to assess hot-spot conditions that would result from hydrodynamic pore collapse in a shock-to-detonation transition. The hot-spot temperature is determined as a function of shock strength by solving two Riemann problems in sequence: first for the velocity and density of the jet formed when the shock overtakes the pore, and second for the stagnation state when the jet impacts the far side of the pore. For a shock pressure below 5 GPa, the stagnation temperature from the jet is below the melt temperature at ambient pressure and hence insufficient for rapid reaction. Consequently for weak shocks a dissipation mechanism in addition to shock heating is needed to generate hot spots. When the stagnation temperature is sufficiently high for rapid reaction, the shock emanating from the hot spot is computed, assuming aconstant volume burn. For initial shocks below 20 GPa, the temperature behind the second shock is below 1000K and would not propagate a detonation wave. This analysis, based solely on the equation of state of the explosive, can serve as a check on mesoscale simulations of initiation in a plastic-bonded explosive.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/976650}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {1}
}

Conference:
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