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Title: FRAM isotopic analysis of uranium in thick-walled containers using high energy gamma rays and planar HPGe detectors.

Abstract

We describe the use of the Los Alamos FRAM isotopic analysis software to make the first reported measurements on thick-walled UF{sub 6} cylinders using small planar HPGe detectors of the type in common use at the IAEA. Heretofore, planar detector isotopic analysis measurements on uranium have used the 100-keV region and can be defeated by 10 mm of steel absorber. The analysis of planar detector measurements through 13-16 mm of steel shows that FRAM can successfully carry out these measurements and analysis in the 120-1024 keV energy range, a range previously thought to be the sole province of more efficient coaxial detectors. This paper describes the measurement conditions and results and also compares the results to other FRAM measurements with coaxial HPGe detectors. The technique of gamma-ray isotopic analysis of arbitrary samples is desirable for measuring the isotopic composition of uranium in UF{sub 6} cylinders because it does not require calibration with standards or knowledge of the cylinder wall thickness. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) uses the MGAU (Multi Group Analysis Uranium) uranium isotopic analysis software with planar high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors to measure the isotopic composition of uranium. Measurements on UF{sub 6} cylinders with 13-16-mm thick steelmore » walls are usually unsuccessful because of the strong absorption of the 89-100 keV gamma rays and x-rays that MGAU requires for the measurement. This paper describes the use of the Los Alamos FRAM isotopic analysis software to make these measurements on UF{sub 6} cylinders. Uranium measurements with FRAM typically cover the energy range from 120-1001 keV and can easily be made through the walls of UF{sub 6} cylinders. While these measurements are usually performed with efficient coaxial HPGe detectors, this paper reports the first successful measurements using small planar HPGe detectors of the type in common use at the IAEA.« less

Authors:
;  [1];
  1. Philip A.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
976166
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-02-2530
TRN: US201009%%580
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Submitted to: 43rd Annual INMM Meeting, Orlando, FL, June 23-27, 2002
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION; CALIBRATION; CONTAINERS; ENERGY RANGE; GERMANIUM; IAEA; STEELS; THICKNESS; URANIUM

Citation Formats

Sampson, Thomas E, Hypes, P A, and Vo, Duc T. FRAM isotopic analysis of uranium in thick-walled containers using high energy gamma rays and planar HPGe detectors.. United States: N. p., 2002. Web.
Sampson, Thomas E, Hypes, P A, & Vo, Duc T. FRAM isotopic analysis of uranium in thick-walled containers using high energy gamma rays and planar HPGe detectors.. United States.
Sampson, Thomas E, Hypes, P A, and Vo, Duc T. Tue . "FRAM isotopic analysis of uranium in thick-walled containers using high energy gamma rays and planar HPGe detectors.". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/976166.
@article{osti_976166,
title = {FRAM isotopic analysis of uranium in thick-walled containers using high energy gamma rays and planar HPGe detectors.},
author = {Sampson, Thomas E and Hypes, P A and Vo, Duc T},
abstractNote = {We describe the use of the Los Alamos FRAM isotopic analysis software to make the first reported measurements on thick-walled UF{sub 6} cylinders using small planar HPGe detectors of the type in common use at the IAEA. Heretofore, planar detector isotopic analysis measurements on uranium have used the 100-keV region and can be defeated by 10 mm of steel absorber. The analysis of planar detector measurements through 13-16 mm of steel shows that FRAM can successfully carry out these measurements and analysis in the 120-1024 keV energy range, a range previously thought to be the sole province of more efficient coaxial detectors. This paper describes the measurement conditions and results and also compares the results to other FRAM measurements with coaxial HPGe detectors. The technique of gamma-ray isotopic analysis of arbitrary samples is desirable for measuring the isotopic composition of uranium in UF{sub 6} cylinders because it does not require calibration with standards or knowledge of the cylinder wall thickness. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) uses the MGAU (Multi Group Analysis Uranium) uranium isotopic analysis software with planar high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors to measure the isotopic composition of uranium. Measurements on UF{sub 6} cylinders with 13-16-mm thick steel walls are usually unsuccessful because of the strong absorption of the 89-100 keV gamma rays and x-rays that MGAU requires for the measurement. This paper describes the use of the Los Alamos FRAM isotopic analysis software to make these measurements on UF{sub 6} cylinders. Uranium measurements with FRAM typically cover the energy range from 120-1001 keV and can easily be made through the walls of UF{sub 6} cylinders. While these measurements are usually performed with efficient coaxial HPGe detectors, this paper reports the first successful measurements using small planar HPGe detectors of the type in common use at the IAEA.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/976166}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {1}
}

Conference:
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