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Title: Characterizing the detector response and testing the performance of a new well counter for neutron coincidence measurements of plutonium in residues.

Abstract

A thermal neutron detector has been developed that integrates the neutron capture medium ({sup 6}LiF) and scintillator (ZnS) into a thin screen, which is coupled to wavelength shifting fiber-optic ribbon. The {sup 6}LiF and ZnS powders are incorporated in a hydrogenous binder. The detector is constructed of alternating layers of the capture/scintillator screen and the fiber-optic ribbon. The scintillation light produced in the ZnS is absorbed and reemitted in the fibers and is transported to photomultiplier tubes (PMTs). The detector is sensitive to gamrna radiation, but the difference in the pulse decay times of gamma-ray and neutron events allows for discrimination using pulse shape analysis (PSA). To determine the feasibility of using PSA with this detector, a number of intrinsic characteristics of the detector have been measured; specifically, the number of photoelectrons produced at the photocathode of the PMT from the average neutron capture event in the screen and the temperature stability of the detector with respect to pulse shape. The number of photons that reach the PMTs was measured with two different PMTs. One was a typical PMT with single-photoelectron resolution, and the other was a Hybrid PMT comprised of a photocathode coupled to a PIN diode with few-photoelectronmore » resolution. The number of photons that reach the PMTs is between 1600 and 2200, which is sufficient for PSA. The sensitivity of pulse shape to temperature has also been evaluated. Although the pulse decay time changes with varying temperature between -25 to +50 C, the normalized detector pulses have approximately the same amplitude around 400 ns. This results in a stable zero-crossing time of the 400-ns delay-line shaped pulse, and thus the PSA is independent of temperature. A four-sided prototype well counter has been built, It has a short neutron die-away time ({tau} < 5 {micro}s), which increases its sensitivity to measurements of {sup 240}Pu by neutron coincidence counting. Because of the high {alpha},n-neutron yields in pyrochemical residues, greater sensitivity is required to measure these materials. Counters with relatively long {tau} (for example, those that use {sup 3}He detectors) will suffer from high accidental coincidence rate. Results with the prototype counter from high-rate measurements, equivalent to those expected from residues, are presented.« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3];  [4]; ;  [5];  [6];  [7]
  1. William H.
  2. Douglas R.
  3. Anthony P.
  4. Michael C.
  5. Vikram
  6. Phyllis A.
  7. Martin R.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
975641
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-01-3848
TRN: US1002522
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: "Submitted to: Institute of Nuclear Materials Management 42nd Annual Meeting, Indian Wells, CA, July 15-19, 2001"
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; AMPLITUDES; CAPTURE; DECAY; FIBERS; NEUTRON REACTIONS; NEUTRONS; NUCLEAR MATERIALS MANAGEMENT; PHOSPHORS; PHOTOCATHODES; PHOTOMULTIPLIERS; PHOTONS; PLUTONIUM; RESIDUES; RESOLUTION; SCINTILLATIONS; SCREENS; SENSITIVITY; SHAPE; STABILITY; TESTING; THERMAL NEUTRONS; WAVELENGTHS

Citation Formats

Kusner, M R, Geist, W H, Ianakiev, K D, Mayo, D R, Belian, A P, Browne, M C, Ensslin, Norbert, Mittal, V, Russo, P A, and Sweet, M R. Characterizing the detector response and testing the performance of a new well counter for neutron coincidence measurements of plutonium in residues.. United States: N. p., 2001. Web.
Kusner, M R, Geist, W H, Ianakiev, K D, Mayo, D R, Belian, A P, Browne, M C, Ensslin, Norbert, Mittal, V, Russo, P A, & Sweet, M R. Characterizing the detector response and testing the performance of a new well counter for neutron coincidence measurements of plutonium in residues.. United States.
Kusner, M R, Geist, W H, Ianakiev, K D, Mayo, D R, Belian, A P, Browne, M C, Ensslin, Norbert, Mittal, V, Russo, P A, and Sweet, M R. Mon . "Characterizing the detector response and testing the performance of a new well counter for neutron coincidence measurements of plutonium in residues.". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/975641.
@article{osti_975641,
title = {Characterizing the detector response and testing the performance of a new well counter for neutron coincidence measurements of plutonium in residues.},
author = {Kusner, M R and Geist, W H and Ianakiev, K D and Mayo, D R and Belian, A P and Browne, M C and Ensslin, Norbert and Mittal, V and Russo, P A and Sweet, M R},
abstractNote = {A thermal neutron detector has been developed that integrates the neutron capture medium ({sup 6}LiF) and scintillator (ZnS) into a thin screen, which is coupled to wavelength shifting fiber-optic ribbon. The {sup 6}LiF and ZnS powders are incorporated in a hydrogenous binder. The detector is constructed of alternating layers of the capture/scintillator screen and the fiber-optic ribbon. The scintillation light produced in the ZnS is absorbed and reemitted in the fibers and is transported to photomultiplier tubes (PMTs). The detector is sensitive to gamrna radiation, but the difference in the pulse decay times of gamma-ray and neutron events allows for discrimination using pulse shape analysis (PSA). To determine the feasibility of using PSA with this detector, a number of intrinsic characteristics of the detector have been measured; specifically, the number of photoelectrons produced at the photocathode of the PMT from the average neutron capture event in the screen and the temperature stability of the detector with respect to pulse shape. The number of photons that reach the PMTs was measured with two different PMTs. One was a typical PMT with single-photoelectron resolution, and the other was a Hybrid PMT comprised of a photocathode coupled to a PIN diode with few-photoelectron resolution. The number of photons that reach the PMTs is between 1600 and 2200, which is sufficient for PSA. The sensitivity of pulse shape to temperature has also been evaluated. Although the pulse decay time changes with varying temperature between -25 to +50 C, the normalized detector pulses have approximately the same amplitude around 400 ns. This results in a stable zero-crossing time of the 400-ns delay-line shaped pulse, and thus the PSA is independent of temperature. A four-sided prototype well counter has been built, It has a short neutron die-away time ({tau} < 5 {micro}s), which increases its sensitivity to measurements of {sup 240}Pu by neutron coincidence counting. Because of the high {alpha},n-neutron yields in pyrochemical residues, greater sensitivity is required to measure these materials. Counters with relatively long {tau} (for example, those that use {sup 3}He detectors) will suffer from high accidental coincidence rate. Results with the prototype counter from high-rate measurements, equivalent to those expected from residues, are presented.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2001},
month = {1}
}

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