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Title: Design of a high resolution optical transition radiation imager for the linac coherent light source undulator.

Abstract

The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), a free-electron x-ray laser, is under design and construction. Its high intensity electron beam, 3400 A in peak current and 46 TW in peak power, is concentrated in a small area (30 micrometer rms in both horizontal and vertical directions) inside its undulator. Ten optical transition radiation (OTR) imagers are planned between the undulator segments for the characterization of the transverse profiles of the electron beam. In this paper, we present the performance requirements and technical requirements of the OTR imagers. We will discuss in detail the design of the OTR screen, the arrangement and modeling of the imaging optics, and the mechanical design and analysis of the compact camera module. Through a unique optical arrangement, this imager will achieve a fine resolution (12 micrometer rms or better) over the entire field of view (5 mm × 5 mm). The compact camera module will fit in the limited space available with remote focus adjustment. A digital camera will be used to read out the beam images in a programmable region (5 mm x 0.5 mm) at the full beam repetition rate (120 Hz), or over the entire field at a lower rate (15 Hz).

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
972573
Report Number(s):
ANL/AOD/CP-116216
TRN: US1001620
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC05); May 16, 2005 - May 20, 2005; Knoxville, TN
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; ACCELERATORS; CAMERAS; CONSTRUCTION; DESIGN; ELECTRON BEAMS; LIGHT SOURCES; LINEAR ACCELERATORS; OPTICS; PEAK LOAD; PERFORMANCE; RESOLUTION; SIMULATION; TRANSITION RADIATION; WIGGLER MAGNETS; X-RAY LASERS

Citation Formats

Yang, B. X., Bailey, J. L., Walters, D. R., and Stein, S. J. Design of a high resolution optical transition radiation imager for the linac coherent light source undulator.. United States: N. p., 2006. Web.
Yang, B. X., Bailey, J. L., Walters, D. R., & Stein, S. J. Design of a high resolution optical transition radiation imager for the linac coherent light source undulator.. United States.
Yang, B. X., Bailey, J. L., Walters, D. R., and Stein, S. J. Sun . "Design of a high resolution optical transition radiation imager for the linac coherent light source undulator.". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_972573,
title = {Design of a high resolution optical transition radiation imager for the linac coherent light source undulator.},
author = {Yang, B. X. and Bailey, J. L. and Walters, D. R. and Stein, S. J.},
abstractNote = {The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), a free-electron x-ray laser, is under design and construction. Its high intensity electron beam, 3400 A in peak current and 46 TW in peak power, is concentrated in a small area (30 micrometer rms in both horizontal and vertical directions) inside its undulator. Ten optical transition radiation (OTR) imagers are planned between the undulator segments for the characterization of the transverse profiles of the electron beam. In this paper, we present the performance requirements and technical requirements of the OTR imagers. We will discuss in detail the design of the OTR screen, the arrangement and modeling of the imaging optics, and the mechanical design and analysis of the compact camera module. Through a unique optical arrangement, this imager will achieve a fine resolution (12 micrometer rms or better) over the entire field of view (5 mm × 5 mm). The compact camera module will fit in the limited space available with remote focus adjustment. A digital camera will be used to read out the beam images in a programmable region (5 mm x 0.5 mm) at the full beam repetition rate (120 Hz), or over the entire field at a lower rate (15 Hz).},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}

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  • The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), currently under design, requires accurate alignment between the electron beam and each undulator's magnetic centerline. A beam finder wire (BFW) instrument has been developed to provide beam location information that is used to move the undulators to their appropriate positions. A BFW instrument is mounted at each of the 33 magnets in the undulator section. Beam detection is achieved by electrons impacting two carbon fiber wires and then sensing the downstream radiation. The wires are mounted vertically and horizontally on a wire card similar to that of a traditional wire scanner instrument. The developmentmore » of the BFW presents several design challenges due to the need for high accuracy of the wires locations and the need for removal of the wires during actual operation of the LCLS (30 microns repeatability is required for the wire locations). In this paper, we present the technical specification, design criteria, mechanical design, and results from prototype tests for the BFW.« less
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  • In this paper we describe design, fabrication, and measurement aspects of a pure permanent magnet (PM) insertion device designed to operate as an FEL at a 1st harmonic energy of 300 eV and an electron energy of 7 GeV in the Self-Amplified Spontaneous Emission (SASE) regime.
  • Linac-driven X-Ray Free Electron Lasers (e.g., Linac Coherent Light Sources (LCLSs)), operating on the principle of single-pass saturation in the Self-Amplified Spontaneous Emission (SASE) regime typically require multi-GeV beam energies and undulator lengths in excess of tens of meters to attain sufficient gain in the 1{angstrom}--0.1{angstrom} range. In this parameter regime, the undulator structure must provide: (1) field amplitudes B{sub 0} in excess of 1T within periods of 4cm or less, (2) peak on-axis focusing gradients on the order of 30T/m, and (3) field quality in the 0.1%--0.3% range. In this paper the authors report on designs under consideration formore » a 4.5--1.5 {angstrom} LCLS based on superconducting (SC), hybrid/PM, and pulsed-Cu technologies.« less