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Title: Topologically induced local P and CP violation in hot QCD

Abstract

Very stringent experimental bounds exist on the amount of P and CP violation in strong interactions. Nevertheless, the presence of non-Abelian topological solutions and the axial anomaly make the issue of CP invariance in QCD non-trivial ('the strong CP problem'). Even in the absence of a global P and CP violation the fluctuations of topological charge in the QCD vacuum are expected to play an important role in the breaking of chiral symmetry, and in the mass spectrum and other properties of hadrons. Here I argue that topological fluctuations in hot QCD matter can become directly observable in the presence of a very intense external magnetic field by inducing local P- and CP-odd effects. These local parity-violating phenomena can be described by using the Maxwell-Chern-Simons, or axion, electrodynamics as an effective theory. Local P and CP violation in hot QCD matter can be observed in experiment through the 'chiral magnetic effect' - the separation of electric charge along the axis of magnetic field that is created by the colliding relativistic ions. There is a recent evidence for the electric charge separation relative to the reaction plane of heavy ion collisions from the STAR Collaboration at RHIC.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Doe - Office Of Science
OSTI Identifier:
965341
Report Number(s):
BNL-82342-2009-CP
R&D Project: PO-006; KB03; TRN: US0903833
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 25th Winter Workshop on Nuclear Dynamics; Big Sky, Montana; 20090201 through 20090208
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; CHIRAL SYMMETRY; CP INVARIANCE; ELECTRIC CHARGES; ELECTRODYNAMICS; FLUCTUATIONS; HADRONS; HEAVY IONS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS; STARS; STRONG INTERACTIONS

Citation Formats

Kharzeev, D E. Topologically induced local P and CP violation in hot QCD. United States: N. p., 2009. Web.
Kharzeev, D E. Topologically induced local P and CP violation in hot QCD. United States.
Kharzeev, D E. Sun . "Topologically induced local P and CP violation in hot QCD". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/965341.
@article{osti_965341,
title = {Topologically induced local P and CP violation in hot QCD},
author = {Kharzeev, D E},
abstractNote = {Very stringent experimental bounds exist on the amount of P and CP violation in strong interactions. Nevertheless, the presence of non-Abelian topological solutions and the axial anomaly make the issue of CP invariance in QCD non-trivial ('the strong CP problem'). Even in the absence of a global P and CP violation the fluctuations of topological charge in the QCD vacuum are expected to play an important role in the breaking of chiral symmetry, and in the mass spectrum and other properties of hadrons. Here I argue that topological fluctuations in hot QCD matter can become directly observable in the presence of a very intense external magnetic field by inducing local P- and CP-odd effects. These local parity-violating phenomena can be described by using the Maxwell-Chern-Simons, or axion, electrodynamics as an effective theory. Local P and CP violation in hot QCD matter can be observed in experiment through the 'chiral magnetic effect' - the separation of electric charge along the axis of magnetic field that is created by the colliding relativistic ions. There is a recent evidence for the electric charge separation relative to the reaction plane of heavy ion collisions from the STAR Collaboration at RHIC.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/965341}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {2}
}

Conference:
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