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Title: Spin Transition of Iron in the Earth's Lower Mantle

Abstract

Electronic spin-pairing transitions of iron and associated effects on the physical properties of host phases have been reported in lower-mantle minerals including ferropericlase, silicate perovskite, and possibly in post-perovskite at lower-mantle pressures. Here we evaluate current understanding of the spin and valence states of iron in the lower-mantle phases, emphasizing the effects of the spin transitions on the density, sound velocities, chemical behavior, and transport properties of the lower-mantle phases. The spin transition of iron in ferropericlase occurs at approximately 50 GPa but likely turns into a wide spin crossover under lower-mantle temperatures. Current experimental results indicate a continuous nature of the spin crossover in silicate perovskite at high pressures, but which valence state of iron undergoes the spin crossover and what is its associated crystallographic site remain uncertain. The spin transition of iron results in enhanced density, incompressibility, and sound velocities, and reduced radiative thermal conductivity in the low-spin ferropericlase, which should be considered in future geophysical and geodynamic modeling of the Earth's lower mantle. Our evaluation of the experimental and theoretical pressure-volume results shows that the spin crossover of iron results in a density increase of 3-4% in ferropericlase containing 17-19% FeO. Here we have modeled the densitymore » and bulk modulus profiles of ferropericlase across the spin crossover under lower-mantle pressure-temperature conditions and showed how the ratio of the spin states of iron affects our understanding of the state of the Earth's lower mantle.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
964106
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JRNL-231256
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9201; PEPIAM; TRN: US200922%%100
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol. 170, no. 3-4, February 3, 2008, pp. 248-259; Journal Volume: 170; Journal Issue: 3-4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; EVALUATION; IRON; PEROVSKITE; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; SILICATES; SIMULATION; SPIN; THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY; TRANSPORT; VALENCE

Citation Formats

Lin, J, and Tsuchiya, T. Spin Transition of Iron in the Earth's Lower Mantle. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Lin, J, & Tsuchiya, T. Spin Transition of Iron in the Earth's Lower Mantle. United States.
Lin, J, and Tsuchiya, T. Wed . "Spin Transition of Iron in the Earth's Lower Mantle". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/964106.
@article{osti_964106,
title = {Spin Transition of Iron in the Earth's Lower Mantle},
author = {Lin, J and Tsuchiya, T},
abstractNote = {Electronic spin-pairing transitions of iron and associated effects on the physical properties of host phases have been reported in lower-mantle minerals including ferropericlase, silicate perovskite, and possibly in post-perovskite at lower-mantle pressures. Here we evaluate current understanding of the spin and valence states of iron in the lower-mantle phases, emphasizing the effects of the spin transitions on the density, sound velocities, chemical behavior, and transport properties of the lower-mantle phases. The spin transition of iron in ferropericlase occurs at approximately 50 GPa but likely turns into a wide spin crossover under lower-mantle temperatures. Current experimental results indicate a continuous nature of the spin crossover in silicate perovskite at high pressures, but which valence state of iron undergoes the spin crossover and what is its associated crystallographic site remain uncertain. The spin transition of iron results in enhanced density, incompressibility, and sound velocities, and reduced radiative thermal conductivity in the low-spin ferropericlase, which should be considered in future geophysical and geodynamic modeling of the Earth's lower mantle. Our evaluation of the experimental and theoretical pressure-volume results shows that the spin crossover of iron results in a density increase of 3-4% in ferropericlase containing 17-19% FeO. Here we have modeled the density and bulk modulus profiles of ferropericlase across the spin crossover under lower-mantle pressure-temperature conditions and showed how the ratio of the spin states of iron affects our understanding of the state of the Earth's lower mantle.},
doi = {},
journal = {Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol. 170, no. 3-4, February 3, 2008, pp. 248-259},
number = 3-4,
volume = 170,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed May 23 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Wed May 23 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}