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Title: BaHg2TI2. An Unusual Polar Intermetallic Phase with Strong Differentiation between the Neighboring elements Mercury and Thallium

Abstract

High yields of the novel BaHg{sub 2}Tl{sub 2} are achieved from reactions of the appropriate cast alloys at 400 C. (Isotypic SrHg{sub 2}Tl{sub 2} also exists.) The tetragonal barium structure (P4{sub 2}/mnm, a = 10.606 {angstrom}, c = 5.159 {angstrom}) was refined from both single-crystal X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data in order to ensure the atom site assignments although distances and calculated atom site population also support the results. The Hg and Tl network atoms are distinctive in their functions and bonding. Parallel chains of Hg hexagons and of Tl tetrahedra along c are constructed from polyhedra that share opposed like edges, and these are in turn interconnected by Hg?Tl bonds. Overall, the number of Tl?Tl bonds per cell exceeds the Hg?Hg type by 20:12, but these are {approx} 1:2 each in bonding according to their average -ICOHP values (related to overlap populations). Barium is bound within a close 15-atom polyhedron, 12 atoms of which are the more electronegative Hg. LMTO-ASA calculations show that scalar relativistic effects are particularly important for Hg 5d?6s mixing in Hg?Hg and Hg?Tl bonding, whereas relatively separate Tl 6s and 6p states are more important in Tl?Tl interactions. The 6p states of Hg andmore » Tl and 5d of Ba define a dominant conduction band around E{sub F}, and the phase is metallic and Pauli-like paramagnetic. The thallium characteristics here are close to those in numerous alkali-metal?Tl cluster systems. Other active metal?mercury phases that have been studied theoretically are all distinctly electron-richer and more reduced, and without appreciable net 5d, 6s contributions to Hg?Hg bonding.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
963965
Report Number(s):
IS-J 7501
Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863; JACSAT; TRN: US0903344
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-07CH11358
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 131; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ALLOYS; ATOMS; BARIUM; BONDING; DIFFRACTION; MERCURY; NEUTRONS; SCALARS; THALLIUM

Citation Formats

Dai, Jing-Cao, Gupta, Shalabh, Gourdon, Olivier, Kim, Hyun-Jeong, and Corbett, John D. BaHg2TI2. An Unusual Polar Intermetallic Phase with Strong Differentiation between the Neighboring elements Mercury and Thallium. United States: N. p., 2009. Web. doi:10.1021/ja901865d.
Dai, Jing-Cao, Gupta, Shalabh, Gourdon, Olivier, Kim, Hyun-Jeong, & Corbett, John D. BaHg2TI2. An Unusual Polar Intermetallic Phase with Strong Differentiation between the Neighboring elements Mercury and Thallium. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/ja901865d
Dai, Jing-Cao, Gupta, Shalabh, Gourdon, Olivier, Kim, Hyun-Jeong, and Corbett, John D. Thu . "BaHg2TI2. An Unusual Polar Intermetallic Phase with Strong Differentiation between the Neighboring elements Mercury and Thallium". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/ja901865d.
@article{osti_963965,
title = {BaHg2TI2. An Unusual Polar Intermetallic Phase with Strong Differentiation between the Neighboring elements Mercury and Thallium},
author = {Dai, Jing-Cao and Gupta, Shalabh and Gourdon, Olivier and Kim, Hyun-Jeong and Corbett, John D},
abstractNote = {High yields of the novel BaHg{sub 2}Tl{sub 2} are achieved from reactions of the appropriate cast alloys at 400 C. (Isotypic SrHg{sub 2}Tl{sub 2} also exists.) The tetragonal barium structure (P4{sub 2}/mnm, a = 10.606 {angstrom}, c = 5.159 {angstrom}) was refined from both single-crystal X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data in order to ensure the atom site assignments although distances and calculated atom site population also support the results. The Hg and Tl network atoms are distinctive in their functions and bonding. Parallel chains of Hg hexagons and of Tl tetrahedra along c are constructed from polyhedra that share opposed like edges, and these are in turn interconnected by Hg?Tl bonds. Overall, the number of Tl?Tl bonds per cell exceeds the Hg?Hg type by 20:12, but these are {approx} 1:2 each in bonding according to their average -ICOHP values (related to overlap populations). Barium is bound within a close 15-atom polyhedron, 12 atoms of which are the more electronegative Hg. LMTO-ASA calculations show that scalar relativistic effects are particularly important for Hg 5d?6s mixing in Hg?Hg and Hg?Tl bonding, whereas relatively separate Tl 6s and 6p states are more important in Tl?Tl interactions. The 6p states of Hg and Tl and 5d of Ba define a dominant conduction band around E{sub F}, and the phase is metallic and Pauli-like paramagnetic. The thallium characteristics here are close to those in numerous alkali-metal?Tl cluster systems. Other active metal?mercury phases that have been studied theoretically are all distinctly electron-richer and more reduced, and without appreciable net 5d, 6s contributions to Hg?Hg bonding.},
doi = {10.1021/ja901865d},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/963965}, journal = {Journal of the American Chemical Society},
issn = {0002-7863},
number = ,
volume = 131,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {5}
}