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Title: Advanced cathode material for high power applications.

Abstract

In our efforts to develop low cost high-power Li-ion batteries with excellent safety, as well as long cycle and calendar life, lithium manganese oxide spinel and layered lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide cathode materials were investigated. Our studies with the graphite/LiPF{sub 6}/spinel cells indicated a very significant degradation of capacity with cycling at 55 C. This degradation was caused by the reduction of manganese ions on the graphite surface which resulted in a significant increase of the charge-transfer impedance at the anode/electrolyte interface. To improve the stability of the spinel, we investigated an alternative salt that would not generate HF acid that may attack the spinel. The alternative salt we selected for this work was lithium bisoxalatoborate, LiB(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2} ('LiBoB'). In this case, the graphite/LiBoB/spinel Li-ion cells exhibited much improved cycle/calendar life at 55 C and better abuse tolerance, as well as excellent power. A second system based on LiNi{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} layered material was also investigated and its performance was compared to commercial LiNi{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.05}O{sub 2}. Cells based on LiNi{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} showed lower power fade and better thermal safety than the LiNi{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.05}O{sub 2}-based commercial cells under similarmore » test conditions. Li-ion cells based on the material with excess lithium (Li{sub 1.1}Ni{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}O{sub 2}) exhibited excellent power performance that exceeded the FreedomCAR requirements.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
EE
OSTI Identifier:
963264
Report Number(s):
ANL/CMT/CP-118408
TRN: US0903154
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Conference
Journal Name:
J. Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 146; Journal Issue: 1/2 ; 2005; Conference: 2nd International Symposium on Large Li-Ion Battery Technology & Application; May 15, 2006 - May 19, 2006; Baltimore, MD
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; CALENDARS; CAPACITY; CATHODES; COBALT; GRAPHITE; IMPEDANCE; LITHIUM; MANGANESE IONS; MANGANESE OXIDES; NICKEL; PERFORMANCE; SAFETY; SPINELS; STABILITY; TOLERANCE

Citation Formats

Amine, K, Belharouak, I, Kang, S H, Liu, J, Vissers, D, Henriksen, G, and Chemical Engineering. Advanced cathode material for high power applications.. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.03.227.
Amine, K, Belharouak, I, Kang, S H, Liu, J, Vissers, D, Henriksen, G, & Chemical Engineering. Advanced cathode material for high power applications.. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.03.227.
Amine, K, Belharouak, I, Kang, S H, Liu, J, Vissers, D, Henriksen, G, and Chemical Engineering. Sat . "Advanced cathode material for high power applications.". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.03.227.
@article{osti_963264,
title = {Advanced cathode material for high power applications.},
author = {Amine, K and Belharouak, I and Kang, S H and Liu, J and Vissers, D and Henriksen, G and Chemical Engineering},
abstractNote = {In our efforts to develop low cost high-power Li-ion batteries with excellent safety, as well as long cycle and calendar life, lithium manganese oxide spinel and layered lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide cathode materials were investigated. Our studies with the graphite/LiPF{sub 6}/spinel cells indicated a very significant degradation of capacity with cycling at 55 C. This degradation was caused by the reduction of manganese ions on the graphite surface which resulted in a significant increase of the charge-transfer impedance at the anode/electrolyte interface. To improve the stability of the spinel, we investigated an alternative salt that would not generate HF acid that may attack the spinel. The alternative salt we selected for this work was lithium bisoxalatoborate, LiB(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2} ('LiBoB'). In this case, the graphite/LiBoB/spinel Li-ion cells exhibited much improved cycle/calendar life at 55 C and better abuse tolerance, as well as excellent power. A second system based on LiNi{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} layered material was also investigated and its performance was compared to commercial LiNi{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.05}O{sub 2}. Cells based on LiNi{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} showed lower power fade and better thermal safety than the LiNi{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.05}O{sub 2}-based commercial cells under similar test conditions. Li-ion cells based on the material with excess lithium (Li{sub 1.1}Ni{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}O{sub 2}) exhibited excellent power performance that exceeded the FreedomCAR requirements.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.03.227},
journal = {J. Power Sources},
number = 1/2 ; 2005,
volume = 146,
place = {United States},
year = {2005},
month = {1}
}

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