skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Structural Basis for Reduced FGFR2 Activity in LADD Syndrome: Implications for FGFR Autoinhibition and Activation

Abstract

Mutations in fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) and its ligand, FGF10, are known to cause lacrimo-auriculo-dento-digital (LADD) syndrome. Multiple gain-of-function mutations in FGF receptors have been implicated in a variety of severe skeletal disorders and in many cancers. We aimed to elucidate the mechanism by which a missense mutation in the tyrosine kinase domain of FGFR2, described in the sporadic case of LADD syndrome, leads to reduced tyrosine kinase activity. In this report, we describe the crystal structure of a FGFR2 A628T LADD mutant in complex with a nucleotide analog. We demonstrate that the A628T LADD mutation alters the configuration of key residues in the catalytic pocket that are essential for substrate coordination, resulting in reduced tyrosine kinase activity. Further comparison of the structures of WT FGFR2 and WT FGFR1 kinases revealed that FGFR2 uses a less stringent mode of autoinhibition than FGFR1, which was also manifested in faster in vitro autophosphorylation kinetics. Moreover, the nearly identical conformation of WT FGFR2 kinase and the A628T LADD mutant to either the phosphorylated FGFR2 or FGFR2 harboring pathological activating mutations in the kinase hinge region suggests that FGFR autoinhibition and activation are better explained by changes in the conformational dynamics ofmore » the kinase rather than by static crystallographic snapshots of minor structural variations.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org.:
Doe - Office Of Science
OSTI Identifier:
959488
Report Number(s):
BNL-82474-2009-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424; PNASA6; TRN: US201016%%632
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA; Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 50
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CONFIGURATION; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; FIBROBLASTS; GROWTH FACTORS; IN VITRO; KINETICS; MUTANTS; MUTATIONS; NUCLEOTIDES; PHOSPHOTRANSFERASES; RESIDUES; SUBSTRATES; TYROSINE; national synchrotron light source

Citation Formats

Lew,E., Bae, J., Rohmann, E., Wollnik, B., and Schlessinger, J. Structural Basis for Reduced FGFR2 Activity in LADD Syndrome: Implications for FGFR Autoinhibition and Activation. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.0709905104.
Lew,E., Bae, J., Rohmann, E., Wollnik, B., & Schlessinger, J. Structural Basis for Reduced FGFR2 Activity in LADD Syndrome: Implications for FGFR Autoinhibition and Activation. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.0709905104.
Lew,E., Bae, J., Rohmann, E., Wollnik, B., and Schlessinger, J. Mon . "Structural Basis for Reduced FGFR2 Activity in LADD Syndrome: Implications for FGFR Autoinhibition and Activation". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.0709905104.
@article{osti_959488,
title = {Structural Basis for Reduced FGFR2 Activity in LADD Syndrome: Implications for FGFR Autoinhibition and Activation},
author = {Lew,E. and Bae, J. and Rohmann, E. and Wollnik, B. and Schlessinger, J.},
abstractNote = {Mutations in fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) and its ligand, FGF10, are known to cause lacrimo-auriculo-dento-digital (LADD) syndrome. Multiple gain-of-function mutations in FGF receptors have been implicated in a variety of severe skeletal disorders and in many cancers. We aimed to elucidate the mechanism by which a missense mutation in the tyrosine kinase domain of FGFR2, described in the sporadic case of LADD syndrome, leads to reduced tyrosine kinase activity. In this report, we describe the crystal structure of a FGFR2 A628T LADD mutant in complex with a nucleotide analog. We demonstrate that the A628T LADD mutation alters the configuration of key residues in the catalytic pocket that are essential for substrate coordination, resulting in reduced tyrosine kinase activity. Further comparison of the structures of WT FGFR2 and WT FGFR1 kinases revealed that FGFR2 uses a less stringent mode of autoinhibition than FGFR1, which was also manifested in faster in vitro autophosphorylation kinetics. Moreover, the nearly identical conformation of WT FGFR2 kinase and the A628T LADD mutant to either the phosphorylated FGFR2 or FGFR2 harboring pathological activating mutations in the kinase hinge region suggests that FGFR autoinhibition and activation are better explained by changes in the conformational dynamics of the kinase rather than by static crystallographic snapshots of minor structural variations.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.0709905104},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA},
number = 50,
volume = 104,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}
  • c-Abl is normally regulated by an autoinhibitory mechanism, the disruption of which leads to chronic myelogenous leukemia. The details of this mechanism have been elusive because c-Abl lacks aphosphotyrosine residue that triggers the assembly of the autoinhibited form of the closely related Src kinases by internally engaging the SH2 domain. Crystal structures of c-Abl show that the N-terminal myristoyl modification of c-Abl 1b binds to the kinase domain and induces conformational changes that allow the SH2 and SH3 domains to dock onto it. Autoinhibited c-Abl forms an assembly that is strikingly similar to that of inactive Src kinases but withmore » specific differences that explain the differential ability of the drug STI-571/Gleevec/imatinib (STI-571)to inhibit the catalytic activity of Abl, but not that of c-Src.« less
  • Appropriate tyrosine kinase signaling depends on coordinated sequential coupling of protein-protein interactions with catalytic activation. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) integrates signals from integrin and growth factor receptors to regulate cellular responses including cell adhesion, migration, and survival. Here, we describe crystal structures representing both autoinhibited and active states of FAK. The inactive structure reveals a mechanism of inhibition in which the N-terminal FERM domain directly binds the kinase domain, blocking access to the catalytic cleft and protecting the FAK activation loop from Src phosphorylation. Additionally, the FERM domain sequesters the Tyr397 autophosphorylation and Src recruitment site, which lies in themore » linker connecting the FERM and kinase domains. The active phosphorylated FAK kinase adopts a conformation that is immune to FERM inhibition. Our biochemical and structural analysis shows how the architecture of autoinhibited FAK orchestrates an activation sequence of FERM domain displacement, linker autophosphorylation, Src recruitment, and full catalytic activation.« less
  • Notch receptors transmit signals between adjacent cells. Signaling is initiated when ligand binding induces metalloprotease cleavage of Notch within an extracellular negative regulatory region (NRR). We present here the X-ray structure of the human NOTCH2 NRR, which adopts an autoinhibited conformation. Extensive interdomain interactions within the NRR bury the metalloprotease site, showing that a substantial conformational movement is necessary to expose this site during activation by ligand. Leukemia-associated mutations in NOTCH1 probably release autoinhibition by destabilizing the conserved hydrophobic core of the NRR.
  • Bicaudal-D1 (BICD1) is an α-helical coiled-coil protein mediating the attachment of specific cargo to cytoplasmic dynein. It plays an essential role in minus end-directed intracellular transport along microtubules. The third C-terminal coiled-coil region of BICD1 (BICD1 CC3) has an important role in cargo sorting, including intracellular vesicles associating with the small GTPase Rab6 and the nuclear pore complex Ran binding protein 2 (RanBP2), and inhibiting the association with cytoplasmic dynein by binding to the first N-terminal coiled-coil region (CC1). The crystal structure of BICD1 CC3 revealed a parallel homodimeric coiled-coil with asymmetry and complementary knobs-into-holes interactions, differing from Drosophila BicDmore » CC3. Furthermore, our binding study indicated that BICD1 CC3 possesses a binding surface for two distinct cargos, Rab6 and RanBP2, and that the CC1-binding site overlaps with the Rab6-binding site. These findings suggest a molecular basis for cargo recognition and autoinhibition of BICD proteins during dynein-dependent intracellular retrograde transport. - Highlights: • BICD1 CC3 is a parallel homodimeric coiled-coil with axial asymmetry. • The coiled-coil packing of BICD1 CC3 is adapted to the equivalent heptad position. • BICD1 CC3 has distinct binding sites for two classes of cargo, Rab6 and RanBP2. • The CC1-binding site of BICD1 CC3 overlaps with the Rab6-binding site.« less