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Title: Thomson Scattering Density Calibration by Rayleigh and Rotational Raman Scattering on NSTX

Abstract

The multi-point Thomson scattering (MPTS) diagnostic measures the profiles of the electron temperature Te(R) and density ne(R) on the horizontal midplane of NSTX. Normal operation makes use of Rayleigh scattering in nitrogen or argon to derive the density profile. While the Rayleigh scattering ne(R) calibration has been validated by comparison with other density measurements and through its correlation with plasma phenomena, it does require dedicated detectors at the laser wavelength in this filter polychromator based diagnostic. The presence of dust and/or stray laser light precludes routine use of these dedicated spectral channels for Thomson scattering measurement. Hence it is of interest to investigate the use of Raman scattering in nitrogen for the purpose of density calibration, since it could free up detection equipment, which could then be used for the instrumentation of additional radial channels. In this paper the viewing optics "geometrical factor" profiles obtained from Rayleigh and Raman scattering are compared. While both techniques agree nominally, residual effects on the order of 10% remain and will be discussed.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
958411
Report Number(s):
PPPL-4333
TRN: US1000025
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-76CHO3073
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ARGON; CALIBRATION; DETECTION; DUSTS; ELECTRON TEMPERATURE; LASERS; NITROGEN; OPTICS; PLASMA; RAYLEIGH SCATTERING; SCATTERING; THOMSON SCATTERING; WAVELENGTHS; Thomas Scattering, Rayleigh Scattering, Raman Scattering

Citation Formats

LeBlanc, B P. Thomson Scattering Density Calibration by Rayleigh and Rotational Raman Scattering on NSTX. United States: N. p., 2008. Web. doi:10.2172/958411.
LeBlanc, B P. Thomson Scattering Density Calibration by Rayleigh and Rotational Raman Scattering on NSTX. United States. doi:10.2172/958411.
LeBlanc, B P. Wed . "Thomson Scattering Density Calibration by Rayleigh and Rotational Raman Scattering on NSTX". United States. doi:10.2172/958411. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/958411.
@article{osti_958411,
title = {Thomson Scattering Density Calibration by Rayleigh and Rotational Raman Scattering on NSTX},
author = {LeBlanc, B P},
abstractNote = {The multi-point Thomson scattering (MPTS) diagnostic measures the profiles of the electron temperature Te(R) and density ne(R) on the horizontal midplane of NSTX. Normal operation makes use of Rayleigh scattering in nitrogen or argon to derive the density profile. While the Rayleigh scattering ne(R) calibration has been validated by comparison with other density measurements and through its correlation with plasma phenomena, it does require dedicated detectors at the laser wavelength in this filter polychromator based diagnostic. The presence of dust and/or stray laser light precludes routine use of these dedicated spectral channels for Thomson scattering measurement. Hence it is of interest to investigate the use of Raman scattering in nitrogen for the purpose of density calibration, since it could free up detection equipment, which could then be used for the instrumentation of additional radial channels. In this paper the viewing optics "geometrical factor" profiles obtained from Rayleigh and Raman scattering are compared. While both techniques agree nominally, residual effects on the order of 10% remain and will be discussed.},
doi = {10.2172/958411},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {7}
}