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Title: Neutrinos, Dark Matter and Nuclear Detection

Abstract

Solutions to problems in nuclear non-proliferation and counter-terrorism may be found at the forefront of modern physics. Neutrino oscillation experiments, dark matter searches, and high energy astrophysics, are based on technology advances that have may also have application to nuclear detection. The detection problems share many characteristics, including energy scales, time structures, particle-type, and, of course, the combination of high backgrounds and low signal levels. This convergence of basic and applied physics is realized in non-proliferation and homeland security projects at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Examples described here include reactor anti-neutrino monitoring, dual-phase noble liquid TPC development, gamma-ray telescopes, and nuclear resonance fluorescence.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
957601
Report Number(s):
UCRL-CONF-231454
TRN: US201016%%48
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at: NATO Prevention, Detection and Response to Nuclear and Radiological Threat Workshop, Yeravan, Armenia, May 03 - May 06, 2007
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUMM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; ASTROPHYSICS; CONVERGENCE; DETECTION; LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY; MONITORING; NATO; NEUTRINO OSCILLATION; NEUTRINOS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; PHYSICS; PROLIFERATION; RESONANCE FLUORESCENCE; SECURITY; TELESCOPES

Citation Formats

Goldstein, W H, Bernstein, A, Craig, W W, and Johnson, M. Neutrinos, Dark Matter and Nuclear Detection. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Goldstein, W H, Bernstein, A, Craig, W W, & Johnson, M. Neutrinos, Dark Matter and Nuclear Detection. United States.
Goldstein, W H, Bernstein, A, Craig, W W, and Johnson, M. Tue . "Neutrinos, Dark Matter and Nuclear Detection". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/957601.
@article{osti_957601,
title = {Neutrinos, Dark Matter and Nuclear Detection},
author = {Goldstein, W H and Bernstein, A and Craig, W W and Johnson, M},
abstractNote = {Solutions to problems in nuclear non-proliferation and counter-terrorism may be found at the forefront of modern physics. Neutrino oscillation experiments, dark matter searches, and high energy astrophysics, are based on technology advances that have may also have application to nuclear detection. The detection problems share many characteristics, including energy scales, time structures, particle-type, and, of course, the combination of high backgrounds and low signal levels. This convergence of basic and applied physics is realized in non-proliferation and homeland security projects at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Examples described here include reactor anti-neutrino monitoring, dual-phase noble liquid TPC development, gamma-ray telescopes, and nuclear resonance fluorescence.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 29 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Tue May 29 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}

Conference:
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  • There has been incredible progress in the last few years in the understanding of the neutrino, and the 2005 International Cosmic Ray Conference in Mumbai included many presentations about solar, atmospheric, reactor and accelerator neutrino experiments. At the same time, a growing community of cosmic ray physicists are preparing to study high energy neutrino astronomy with large neutrino telescopes which are being built. Searches which are still negative continue for other phenomena, such as magnetic monopoles and Weakly Interacting Massive Particles. This rapporteur report will survey these developments.
  • Several experimental and observational tests of the standard cosmological model are examined. In particular, a detailed discussion is presented regarding: (1) nucleosynthesis, the light element abundances, and neutrino counting; (2) the dark matter problems; and (3) the formation of galaxies and large-scale structure. Comments are made on the possible implications of the recent solar neutrino experimental results for cosmology. An appendix briefly discusses the 17 keV thing and the cosmological and astrophysical constraints on it.
  • In this series of lectures, several experimental and observational tests of the standard cosmological model are examined. In particular, detailed discussion is presented regarding nucleosynthesis, the light element abundances and neutrino counting; the dark matter problems; and the formation of galaxies and large-scale structure. Comments will also be made on the possible implications of the recent solar neutrino experimental results for cosmology. An appendix briefly discusses the 17 keV thing'' and the cosmological and astrophysical constraints on it. 126 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.
  • Nonaccelerator experiments searching for neutrinoless double beta decay and for dark matter are briefly discussed. The theory of fourth family leptons is addressed as it pertains to both double beta decay and dark matter. Experimental findings on dark matter WIMPs are summarized. 23 refs.