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Title: Solvent mediated assembly of nanoparticles confined in mesoporous alumina.

Abstract

The controlled self-assembly of thiol stabilized gold nanocrystals in a mediating solvent and confined within mesoporous alumina was probed in situ with small angle x-ray scattering. The evolution of the self-assembly process was controlled reversibly via regulated changes in the amount of solvent condensed from an undersaturated vapor. Analysis indicated that the nanoparticles self-assembled into cylindrical monolayers within the porous template. Nanoparticle nearest-neighbor separation within the monolayer increased and the ordering decreased with the controlled addition of solvent. The process was reversible with the removal of solvent. Isotropic clusters of nanoparticles were also observed to form temporarily during desorption of the liquid solvent and disappeared upon complete removal of liquid. Measurements of the absorption and desorption of the solvent showed strong hysteresis upon thermal cycling. In addition, the capillary filling transition for the solvent in the nanoparticle-doped pores was shifted to larger chemical potential, relative to the liquid/vapor coexistence, by a factor of 4 as compared to the expected value for the same system without nanoparticles.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
953448
Report Number(s):
ANL/CNM/JA-56747
Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121; TRN: US200915%%88
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics; Journal Volume: 73; Journal Issue: 9 ; 2006
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; POROUS MATERIALS; NANOSTRUCTURES; GOLD; THIOLS; SOLVENTS; ABSORPTION; DESORPTION

Citation Formats

Alvine, K. J., Pontoni, D., Shpyrko, O. G., Pershan, P. S., Cookson, D. J., Shin, K., Russell, T. P., Brunnbauer, M., Stellacci, F., Gang, O., BNL, Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Univ. of Massachusetts, Harvard Univ., and Univ. Massachusetts. Solvent mediated assembly of nanoparticles confined in mesoporous alumina.. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.73.125412.
Alvine, K. J., Pontoni, D., Shpyrko, O. G., Pershan, P. S., Cookson, D. J., Shin, K., Russell, T. P., Brunnbauer, M., Stellacci, F., Gang, O., BNL, Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Univ. of Massachusetts, Harvard Univ., & Univ. Massachusetts. Solvent mediated assembly of nanoparticles confined in mesoporous alumina.. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.73.125412.
Alvine, K. J., Pontoni, D., Shpyrko, O. G., Pershan, P. S., Cookson, D. J., Shin, K., Russell, T. P., Brunnbauer, M., Stellacci, F., Gang, O., BNL, Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Univ. of Massachusetts, Harvard Univ., and Univ. Massachusetts. Sun . "Solvent mediated assembly of nanoparticles confined in mesoporous alumina.". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.73.125412.
@article{osti_953448,
title = {Solvent mediated assembly of nanoparticles confined in mesoporous alumina.},
author = {Alvine, K. J. and Pontoni, D. and Shpyrko, O. G. and Pershan, P. S. and Cookson, D. J. and Shin, K. and Russell, T. P. and Brunnbauer, M. and Stellacci, F. and Gang, O. and BNL and Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. and Univ. of Massachusetts and Harvard Univ. and Univ. Massachusetts},
abstractNote = {The controlled self-assembly of thiol stabilized gold nanocrystals in a mediating solvent and confined within mesoporous alumina was probed in situ with small angle x-ray scattering. The evolution of the self-assembly process was controlled reversibly via regulated changes in the amount of solvent condensed from an undersaturated vapor. Analysis indicated that the nanoparticles self-assembled into cylindrical monolayers within the porous template. Nanoparticle nearest-neighbor separation within the monolayer increased and the ordering decreased with the controlled addition of solvent. The process was reversible with the removal of solvent. Isotropic clusters of nanoparticles were also observed to form temporarily during desorption of the liquid solvent and disappeared upon complete removal of liquid. Measurements of the absorption and desorption of the solvent showed strong hysteresis upon thermal cycling. In addition, the capillary filling transition for the solvent in the nanoparticle-doped pores was shifted to larger chemical potential, relative to the liquid/vapor coexistence, by a factor of 4 as compared to the expected value for the same system without nanoparticles.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.73.125412},
journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
number = 9 ; 2006,
volume = 73,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}