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Title: Fueling the future.


No abstract prepared.

; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
TRN: US200910%%268
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: COMSOL News; Journal Issue: 2007
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Lottes, S .A., Lyczkowski, R. W., and Energy Systems. Fueling the future.. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Lottes, S .A., Lyczkowski, R. W., & Energy Systems. Fueling the future.. United States.
Lottes, S .A., Lyczkowski, R. W., and Energy Systems. Mon . "Fueling the future.". United States. doi:.
title = {Fueling the future.},
author = {Lottes, S .A. and Lyczkowski, R. W. and Energy Systems},
abstractNote = {No abstract prepared.},
doi = {},
journal = {COMSOL News},
number = 2007,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2007}
  • A major cause of ground-level air pollution is the combustion of conventional transportation fuels, which also account for about 27% of US carbon dioxide emissions each year. To help mitigate these problems, the proposed Clean Air Act encourages the use of clean alternative fuels. Possibilities include restrictions on the composition of vehicle fuels or a requirement that all new vehicles in high-pollution cities meet emission standards based on cleaner burning gasoline. These requirements could be met by ethanol, a clean-burning alternative fuel that can be produced domestically in great abundance. Ethanol has great potential to help resolve the energy andmore » environmental challenges now facing our nation. In recognition of this potential, DOE has begun a $72-million, five-year program to make ethanol from non-food biomass economically competitive by the year 2000 without tax credits. Current research programs will be expanded to include cost-shared joint ventures with industry. Biofuels research will be integrated with vehicle and engine development programs. These expanded research, development and demonstration efforts should indeed make ethanol the fuel of the future.« less
  • By 1979, the federal government had established a comprehensive program to promote the manufacture and use of ethanol fuels produced from renewable resources. As a result of federal tax incentives, investment tax credits, and federal environmental regulations, more than 100 ethanol production facilities capable of producing more than 1.2 billion gallons of ethanol were constructed with private-sector investment exceeding $2 billion. Federal energy policies designed to support he development and commercialization of ethanol fuels are consistent with national efforts to aid the commercial development of other energy technologies such as hydroelectric, solar, nuclear, and petroleum. Today, ethanol-blended fuels are exemptmore » from 6 cents of the 9-cents-per-gallon federal excise tax on gasoline. In addition, 23 states offer sales and excise tax incentives to manufacturers, blenders, and users of ethanol-blended fuels. The author summarizes the benefits of the ethanol program, including it's air pollution abatement qualities. He points out that the energy, drive, and capital of private enterprise in ethanol production have returned $6 to every $1 provided by government incentive.« less
  • As the author concludes a year as chairman of the American Gas Association this month, the leader in the US natural gas industry reviews the recent advances achieved by that industry and looks with optimism to the future. Strengthened commitment to the improvement and expansion of service to all markets will be vital, he admonishes, to the nurturing of healthy supply and demand activity.
  • Forecasts can be made for a range of probabilities based on logical decisions by world leaders during the next century, and an Austrian think tank, the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), with the World Energy Council (WEC), has presented a range of six alternatives moving toward the next century. In all of those scenarios, the world will use a smaller percentage of oil than it does now, and in most, it will use a smaller percentage of gas, but the amounts of oil and gas will be greater than today's levels in most of those futures. In allmore » six scenarios, population will grow from a 1990 level of 5.3 billion to 10.1 billion in 2050 and 11.7 billion 50 years later. And the paths for all six scenarios will be about the same through 2020, because of the long life of existing power plants and refineries. After that time, all scenarios move away from the existing strong reliance on oil and gas as a 53% owner of the total energy supply. To establish a baseline, coal had 24% of the market in 1990, and other sources had 23%. The three basic cases are: (A) a future of impressive technological improvements and consequent high economic growth; (B) a future with less ambitious, though perhaps more realistic, technological improvements, and consequently more intermediate economic growth; and (C) an ecologically driven future that includes substantial technological progress and unprecedented international co-operation centered explicitly on environmental protection and international equity. The paper discusses all three cases.« less
  • Fungi play important roles across the range of current and future biofuel production processes. From crop/feedstock health to plant biomass saccharification, enzyme production to bioprocesses for producing ethanol, higher alcohols or future hydrocarbon biofuels, fungi are involved. Research and development are underway to understand the underlying biological processes and improve them to make bioenergy production efficient on an industrial scale. Genomics is the foundation of the systems biology approach that is being used to accelerate the research and development efforts across the spectrum of topic areas that impact biofuels production. In this review, we discuss past, current and future advancesmore » made possible by genomic analyses of the fungi that impact plant/feedstock health, degradation of lignocellulosic biomass and fermentation of sugars to ethanol, hydrocarbon biofuels and renewable chemicals.« less