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Title: Hydrodynamic interactions in metal rod-like particle suspensions due to induced charge electroosmosis

Abstract

We present a theoretical and experimental study of the role of hydrodynamic interactions on the motion and dispersion of metal rod-like particles in the presence of an externally applied electric field. In these systems, the electric field polarizes the particles and induces an electroosmosis flow relative to the surface of each particle. The simulations include the effect of the gravitational body force, buoyancy, far-field hydrodynamic interactions, near-field lubrication forces, and electric field interactions. The particles in the simulations and experiments were observed to experience repeated pairing interactions in which they come together axially with their ends approaching each other, slide past one another until their centers approach, and then push apart. These interactions were confirmed in measurements of particle orientations and velocities, pair distribution functions, and net dispersion of the suspension. For large electric fields, the pair distribution functions show accumulation and depletion regions consistent with many pairing events. For particle concentrations of 1e8 particles/mL and higher, dispersion within the suspension dramatically increases with increased field strength.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
946953
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-403806
TRN: US0901292
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review E, n/a, n/a, January 9, 2009, pp. 011402
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review E, n/a, n/a, January 9, 2009, pp. 011402
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; ELECTRIC FIELDS; HYDRODYNAMICS; LUBRICATION; PAIRING INTERACTIONS

Citation Formats

Rose, K A, Hoffman, B, Saintillan, D, Shaqfeh, E G, and Santiago, J G. Hydrodynamic interactions in metal rod-like particle suspensions due to induced charge electroosmosis. United States: N. p., 2008. Web.
Rose, K A, Hoffman, B, Saintillan, D, Shaqfeh, E G, & Santiago, J G. Hydrodynamic interactions in metal rod-like particle suspensions due to induced charge electroosmosis. United States.
Rose, K A, Hoffman, B, Saintillan, D, Shaqfeh, E G, and Santiago, J G. 2008. "Hydrodynamic interactions in metal rod-like particle suspensions due to induced charge electroosmosis". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/946953.
@article{osti_946953,
title = {Hydrodynamic interactions in metal rod-like particle suspensions due to induced charge electroosmosis},
author = {Rose, K A and Hoffman, B and Saintillan, D and Shaqfeh, E G and Santiago, J G},
abstractNote = {We present a theoretical and experimental study of the role of hydrodynamic interactions on the motion and dispersion of metal rod-like particles in the presence of an externally applied electric field. In these systems, the electric field polarizes the particles and induces an electroosmosis flow relative to the surface of each particle. The simulations include the effect of the gravitational body force, buoyancy, far-field hydrodynamic interactions, near-field lubrication forces, and electric field interactions. The particles in the simulations and experiments were observed to experience repeated pairing interactions in which they come together axially with their ends approaching each other, slide past one another until their centers approach, and then push apart. These interactions were confirmed in measurements of particle orientations and velocities, pair distribution functions, and net dispersion of the suspension. For large electric fields, the pair distribution functions show accumulation and depletion regions consistent with many pairing events. For particle concentrations of 1e8 particles/mL and higher, dispersion within the suspension dramatically increases with increased field strength.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/946953}, journal = {Physical Review E, n/a, n/a, January 9, 2009, pp. 011402},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {5}
}