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Title: Diffraction Gratings for High-Intensity Laser Applications

Abstract

The scattering of light into wavelength-dependent discrete directions (orders) by a device exhibiting a periodic modulation of a physical attribute on a spatial scale similar to the wavelength of light has been the subject of study for over 200 years. Such a device is called a diffraction grating. Practical applications of diffraction gratings, mainly for spectroscopy, have been around for over 100 years. The importance of diffraction gratings in spectroscopy for the measurement of myriad properties of matter can hardly be overestimated. Since the advent of coherent light sources (lasers) in the 1960's, applications of diffraction gratings in spectroscopy have further exploded. Lasers have opened a vast application space for gratings, and apace, gratings have enabled entirely new classes of laser systems. Excellent reviews of the history, fundamental properties, applications and manufacturing techniques of diffraction gratings up to the time of their publication can be found in the books by Hutley (1) and more recently Loewen and Popov (2). The limited scope of this chapter can hardly do justice to such a comprehensive subject, so the focus here will be narrowly limited to characteristics required for gratings suitable for high-power laser applications, and methods to fabricate them. A particular areamore » of emphasis will be on maximally-efficient large-aperture gratings for short-pulse laser generation.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
946939
Report Number(s):
LLNL-BOOK-401125
TRN: US200904%%343
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Book
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; DIFFRACTION GRATINGS; LASERS; LIGHT SOURCES; MANUFACTURING; MODULATION; SCATTERING; SPECTROSCOPY; WAVELENGTHS

Citation Formats

Britten, J. Diffraction Gratings for High-Intensity Laser Applications. United States: N. p., 2008. Web.
Britten, J. Diffraction Gratings for High-Intensity Laser Applications. United States.
Britten, J. Wed . "Diffraction Gratings for High-Intensity Laser Applications". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/946939.
@article{osti_946939,
title = {Diffraction Gratings for High-Intensity Laser Applications},
author = {Britten, J},
abstractNote = {The scattering of light into wavelength-dependent discrete directions (orders) by a device exhibiting a periodic modulation of a physical attribute on a spatial scale similar to the wavelength of light has been the subject of study for over 200 years. Such a device is called a diffraction grating. Practical applications of diffraction gratings, mainly for spectroscopy, have been around for over 100 years. The importance of diffraction gratings in spectroscopy for the measurement of myriad properties of matter can hardly be overestimated. Since the advent of coherent light sources (lasers) in the 1960's, applications of diffraction gratings in spectroscopy have further exploded. Lasers have opened a vast application space for gratings, and apace, gratings have enabled entirely new classes of laser systems. Excellent reviews of the history, fundamental properties, applications and manufacturing techniques of diffraction gratings up to the time of their publication can be found in the books by Hutley (1) and more recently Loewen and Popov (2). The limited scope of this chapter can hardly do justice to such a comprehensive subject, so the focus here will be narrowly limited to characteristics required for gratings suitable for high-power laser applications, and methods to fabricate them. A particular area of emphasis will be on maximally-efficient large-aperture gratings for short-pulse laser generation.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 23 00:00:00 EST 2008},
month = {Wed Jan 23 00:00:00 EST 2008}
}

Book:
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