# SEISMIC SIMULATIONS USING PARALLEL COMPUTING AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL EARTH MODELS TO IMPROVE NUCLEAR EXPLOSION PHENOMENOLOGY AND MONITORING

## Abstract

The development of accurate numerical methods to simulate wave propagation in three-dimensional (3D) earth models and advances in computational power offer exciting possibilities for modeling the motions excited by underground nuclear explosions. This presentation will describe recent work to use new numerical techniques and parallel computing to model earthquakes and underground explosions to improve understanding of the wave excitation at the source and path-propagation effects. Firstly, we are using the spectral element method (SEM, SPECFEM3D code of Komatitsch and Tromp, 2002) to model earthquakes and explosions at regional distances using available 3D models. SPECFEM3D simulates anelastic wave propagation in fully 3D earth models in spherical geometry with the ability to account for free surface topography, anisotropy, ellipticity, rotation and gravity. Results show in many cases that 3D models are able to reproduce features of the observed seismograms that arise from path-propagation effects (e.g. enhanced surface wave dispersion, refraction, amplitude variations from focusing and defocusing, tangential component energy from isotropic sources). We are currently investigating the ability of different 3D models to predict path-specific seismograms as a function of frequency. A number of models developed using a variety of methodologies are available for testing. These include the WENA/Unified model of Eurasiamore »

- Authors:

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- USDOE

- OSTI Identifier:
- 945695

- Report Number(s):
- LLNL-PROC-405610

TRN: US200903%%737

- DOE Contract Number:
- W-7405-ENG-48

- Resource Type:
- Conference

- Resource Relation:
- Conference: Presented at: 30th Monitoring Research Review (MRR 2008), Portsmouth, VA, United States, Sep 23 - Sep 25, 2008

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 58 GEOSCIENCES; AMPLITUDES; ANISOTROPY; DEFORMATION; EARTHQUAKES; EXCITATION; EXPLOSIONS; GEOMETRY; MONITORING; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS; PLASTICS; REFRACTION; SHOCK WAVES; TOPOGRAPHY; UNDERGROUND EXPLOSIONS; VELOCITY; WAVE FORMS; WAVE PROPAGATION; COMPUTERS; PARALLEL PROCESSING

### Citation Formats

```
Rodgers, A, Matzel, E, Pasyanos, M, Petersson, A, Sjogreen, B, Bono, C, Vorobiev, O, Antoun, T, Walter, W, Myers, S, and Lomov, I.
```*SEISMIC SIMULATIONS USING PARALLEL COMPUTING AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL EARTH MODELS TO IMPROVE NUCLEAR EXPLOSION PHENOMENOLOGY AND MONITORING*. United States: N. p., 2008.
Web.

```
Rodgers, A, Matzel, E, Pasyanos, M, Petersson, A, Sjogreen, B, Bono, C, Vorobiev, O, Antoun, T, Walter, W, Myers, S, & Lomov, I.
```*SEISMIC SIMULATIONS USING PARALLEL COMPUTING AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL EARTH MODELS TO IMPROVE NUCLEAR EXPLOSION PHENOMENOLOGY AND MONITORING*. United States.

```
Rodgers, A, Matzel, E, Pasyanos, M, Petersson, A, Sjogreen, B, Bono, C, Vorobiev, O, Antoun, T, Walter, W, Myers, S, and Lomov, I. Mon .
"SEISMIC SIMULATIONS USING PARALLEL COMPUTING AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL EARTH MODELS TO IMPROVE NUCLEAR EXPLOSION PHENOMENOLOGY AND MONITORING". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/945695.
```

```
@article{osti_945695,
```

title = {SEISMIC SIMULATIONS USING PARALLEL COMPUTING AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL EARTH MODELS TO IMPROVE NUCLEAR EXPLOSION PHENOMENOLOGY AND MONITORING},

author = {Rodgers, A and Matzel, E and Pasyanos, M and Petersson, A and Sjogreen, B and Bono, C and Vorobiev, O and Antoun, T and Walter, W and Myers, S and Lomov, I},

abstractNote = {The development of accurate numerical methods to simulate wave propagation in three-dimensional (3D) earth models and advances in computational power offer exciting possibilities for modeling the motions excited by underground nuclear explosions. This presentation will describe recent work to use new numerical techniques and parallel computing to model earthquakes and underground explosions to improve understanding of the wave excitation at the source and path-propagation effects. Firstly, we are using the spectral element method (SEM, SPECFEM3D code of Komatitsch and Tromp, 2002) to model earthquakes and explosions at regional distances using available 3D models. SPECFEM3D simulates anelastic wave propagation in fully 3D earth models in spherical geometry with the ability to account for free surface topography, anisotropy, ellipticity, rotation and gravity. Results show in many cases that 3D models are able to reproduce features of the observed seismograms that arise from path-propagation effects (e.g. enhanced surface wave dispersion, refraction, amplitude variations from focusing and defocusing, tangential component energy from isotropic sources). We are currently investigating the ability of different 3D models to predict path-specific seismograms as a function of frequency. A number of models developed using a variety of methodologies are available for testing. These include the WENA/Unified model of Eurasia (e.g. Pasyanos et al 2004), the global CUB 2.0 model (Shapiro and Ritzwoller, 2002), the partitioned waveform model for the Mediterranean (van der Lee et al., 2007) and stochastic models of the Yellow Sea Korean Peninsula region (Pasyanos et al., 2006). Secondly, we are extending our Cartesian anelastic finite difference code (WPP of Nilsson et al., 2007) to model the effects of free-surface topography. WPP models anelastic wave propagation in fully 3D earth models using mesh refinement to increase computational speed and improve memory efficiency. Thirdly, we are modeling non-linear near-source shock wave propagation with GEODYN, an Eulerian Godunov finite-difference code (Antoun et al., 2001). This code accounts for shock wave propagation and a variety of effects including cavity formation, rock fracture and plastic deformation. We are exploring the coupling of GEODYN to WPP to propagate motions from the near-source (non-linear) region to the (linear anelastic) region where seismic observations are made at local, regional and teleseismic distances. This effort has just begun and we show preliminary results in this paper (with more to follow in our poster). These simulation tools are supported by massively parallel computers operated by Livermore Computing.},

doi = {},

url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/945695},
journal = {},

number = ,

volume = ,

place = {United States},

year = {2008},

month = {7}

}